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Thomas Richard Allinson (1858–1918) by Ray, pubd 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Ellen (formerly Sims). He left school at fifteen and, aiming to be a doctor, he subsidized his studies by becoming a chemist's assistant. In 1879 he graduated LRCP (...

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Robert Harrison

revised by Virginia Smith

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet, was a funeral director in St James's Street, London. He may have been the William Banting, son of Thomas Banting and his wife, Ann, who was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, in December 1796. On 20 January 1818 he married at ...

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Bond, Charles John (1856–1939), surgeon and advocate of voluntary euthanasia, was born at Bittesby, in the Lutterworth area of Leicestershire, on 27 October 1856, the son of George Bond, a farmer and grazier, and his wife, Elizabeth Higginson. He was educated at Repton School...

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Caplin, Roxey Ann [formerly Emily Roxey Caplin] (1793–1888), corset maker, writer, and lecturer on health, was born in Canada, the daughter of English settlers; Canadian Indians taught her canoeing and swimming as a child. Probably trained as a milliner, she married about 1835, and by 1839 was living in ...

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(Henry) Havelock Ellis (1859–1939) by Emil Otto Hoppé, 1922 by permission of the E. O. Hoppé Trust, Curatorial Assistance, Inc., Los Angeles; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ellis, (Henry) Havelock (1859–1939), writer and sexologist, was born on 2 February 1859 at 1 St John's Grove, Croydon, Surrey, the eldest child and only son of Edward Peppern Ellis (1827–1914), a sea captain, and his wife, Susannah Mary (1829–1888), whose father, John Wheatley...

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Sir George Edward Godber (1908–2009) by Nick Sinclair, 1994 © Nick Sinclair, commissioned by the BMJ

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Godber, Sir George Edward (1908–2009), physician, was born on 4 August 1908 at 18 Bedford Road, Kempston, Bedfordshire, the eldest son in the family of seven children of Isaac Godber (1874–1957), market gardener, and his wife, Bessie Maud, née Chapman (1883/4–1957), florist. A younger brother, ...

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Kerr, Norman Shanks (1834–1899), physician and temperance advocate, the eldest son of Alexander Kerr, a merchant and shipowner, was born at Glasgow on 17 May 1834. He was educated at Glasgow high school and matriculated in 1852 from Glasgow University, where he supported himself by working on the staff of ...

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Lambe, William (1765–1847), physician and vegetarian, one of the four children of Lacon Lambe, an attorney, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Berington and sister of the Catholic divine Joseph Berington (1746–1827), was born in St Peter's parish, Hereford, on 26 February 1765. He was educated at ...

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Mears [née Loudon], Eleanor Cowie [Ellen Cowie] (1917–1992), medical practitioner and campaigner, was born on 9 December 1917 at Willowbank, Cleland, Lanarkshire, the second of three children of William Loudon (1888–1958), builder, and his wife, Helen Cowie, née Robertson (1893–1983). Her parents intended to christen her ...

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Millard, Charles Killick (1870–1952), public health official and advocate of voluntary euthanasia, was born at Costock, Nottinghamshire, on 14 August 1870, one of nine children of Charles Sutton Millard (1834–1912), rector of Costock, and his wife, Mary Harriet Killick. He was educated at ...

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Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes (1880–1958) by Sir Gerald Kelly, 1953 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stopes [married name Roe], Marie Charlotte Carmichael (1880–1958), sexologist and advocate of birth control, was born at 3 Abercromby Place, Edinburgh, on 15 October 1880, the elder daughter of Henry Stopes (c.1852–1902), an architect from a wealthy brewing family who was interested in archaeology, and his wife, ...

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Wilson, Helen Mary (1864–1951), social purity campaigner and physician, daughter of Henry Joseph Wilson (1833–1914), farmer, later director of an iron-smelting works, and his wife, Charlotte Cowan Wilson (1833–1921), was born on 1 December 1864 in Mansfield, Nottingham, but the family moved in her early infancy to ...

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Maker: unknown photographer

Helena Rosa Wright (1887–1982) by unknown photographer, 1957 [lecturing to midwives in Warsaw] private collection. Photograph courtesy of the Wellcome Library, London

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Wright [née Lowenfeld], Helena Rosa (1887–1982), family planning practitioner and sex therapist, was born in Tulse Hill Road, Brixton, London, on 17 September 1887, the elder daughter of Heinz (later Henry) Lowenfeld (1859–1931), a Polish-Jewish immigrant to Britain, who became a successful entrepreneur and theatre manager, and his wife, ...