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Balfour, Clara Lucas [née Clara Lucas] (1808–1878), advocate of women's advancement and temperance activist, was born in the New Forest, Hampshire, on 21 December 1808. She was the only child of John Lydell Lucas (c.1767–1818), a butcher and cattle dealer from ...

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Bayly [née Saunders], Mary (1816–1899), temperance activist and writer, was born in Market Lavington, Wiltshire, on 4 March 1816, the second daughter in the family of four sons and six daughters of Amran Edwards Saunders (1779–1849), mealman and miller, and his wife ...

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Charrington, Frederick Nicholas (1850–1936), philanthropist and temperance reformer, was born in London on 4 February 1850, the eldest son of Frederick Charrington, a brewer, and his wife, Louisa, the daughter of Huxley Griffith of Stepney. After two terms at Marlborough College, in 1864, he left and a year later was sent to ...

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Rosalind Frances Howard, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921) by George Howard, ninth earl of Carlisle, 1868 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Howard [née Stanley], Rosalind Frances, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921), promoter of women's political rights and of temperance reform, was born on 20 February 1845, probably at Alderley, Cheshire. She was the youngest daughter of Edward John Stanley, second Baron Stanley of Alderley...

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Kerr, Norman Shanks (1834–1899), physician and temperance advocate, the eldest son of Alexander Kerr, a merchant and shipowner, was born at Glasgow on 17 May 1834. He was educated at Glasgow high school and matriculated in 1852 from Glasgow University, where he supported himself by working on the staff of ...

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Sir Wilfrid Lawson, second baronet (1829–1906) by Lock & Whitfield, pubd 1882 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lawson, Sir Wilfrid, second baronet (1829–1906), politician and temperance campaigner, born on 4 September 1829 at his father's house, Brayton, near Carlisle, was the eldest son in a family of four sons and four daughters of Sir Wilfrid Lawson, first baronet (1795–1867), and his wife, ...

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Lees, Frederic Richard (1815–1897), temperance advocate, was born on 15 March 1815 at Meanwood, near Leeds, the only child of Joseph Lees (c.1795–1845), who conducted a school there, and his first wife, Anne (1796–1815), the daughter of Ephraim Sanderson of Aberford...

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Malins, Joseph (1844–1926), temperance activist, was born at 7 Askew Place, Worcester, on 21 October 1844, the third in the family of three sons and one daughter who survived infancy (out of eight children) of John Malins (c.1802–c.1860) of ...

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Massingberd, Emily Caroline Langton (1847–1897), women's club founder and temperance campaigner, was born at 43 Durnford Street, East Stonehouse, Devon, on 19 December 1847, the first of the three children of Charles Langton Massingberd (1815–1887), a landowner, and his first wife, Harriett Anne (...

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Robinson, Sarah (1834–1921), evangelist and army temperance activist, was born at Peckham, Surrey, on 1 August 1834, the fourth of the six children of John James Robinson (1795/6–1879), squire of Heasmond's estate near Lewes, Sussex, where he farmed 150 acres, and his wife, ...

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Lady Isabella Caroline Somerset [Lady Henry Somerset] (1851–1921) by Hayman Selig Mendelssohn, pubd 1893 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Somerset [née Somers-Cocks], Lady Isabella Caroline [Lady Henry Somerset] (1851–1921), temperance activist and campaigner for women's rights, was born in London on 3 August 1851, the eldest of the three daughters of Charles Som̃ers Somers-Cocks (1819–1883), Viscount Eastnor and (from 1852) third Earl Somers...

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Dame Agnes Elizabeth Weston (1840–1918) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Weston, Dame Agnes Elizabeth (1840–1918), philanthropist and temperance activist, was born at 35 Great Coram Street, Bloomsbury, London, on 26 March 1840, the daughter of Charles Henry Weston (1802–1874), barrister, and his wife, Agnes Sarah (c.1810–1895), daughter of Judge Robert Bayly...

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Wightman [née James], Julia Bainbrigge (1817–1898), temperance activist and author, was born on 23 January 1817 in the Bengal Residency, Cawnpore, India, third daughter of William James, lieutenant-colonel of the East India Company, of Saltford House, Somerset, and his wife, Mary Marshall...