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Ashbee, Charles Robert (1863–1942), architect, designer, and social reformer, was born on 17 May 1863 at Spring Grove, Heston, Isleworth, Middlesex, the first of the four children of Henry Spencer Ashbee (1834–1900), merchant and book collector, and his wife, Elizabeth Josephine Jenny (1841–1919)...

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Charles Robert Ashbee (1863–1942) by Frank Lloyd Wright, 1900 in the possession of the Ashbee family

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Baines, Sir Frank (1877–1933), architect and architectural preservationist, was born at 1 Maria Terrace, Stepney, Middlesex, on 7 December 1877, the fourth child of Samuel Baines (1840–1913), coppersmith, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Coates. Though Baines habitually stated that he was educated privately, he probably attended the ...

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Louisa Caroline Baring, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903) by Carlo, Baron Marochetti, 1861 property of the Marquess of Northampton; Beedle & Cooper

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Baring [née Stewart-Mackenzie], Louisa Caroline, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903), art collector and philanthropist, was born at Seaforth Lodge, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, in the Outer Hebrides, on 5 March 1827, the third daughter and sixth child of James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie (d. 1843)...

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Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet (1865–1930), financier, philanthropist, and art connoisseur, was born on 7 December 1865 in Hamburg, Germany, twelve years after his brother Alfred Beit. He was the third son of Siegfried Beit (1818–1881), silk merchant, and his wife, Laura Caroline Hahn (...

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Sir Otto John Beit, first baronet (1865–1930) by H. Walter Barnett © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Louisa Anne Beresford, marchioness of Waterford (1818–1891) by Sir Francis Grant, 1842 private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Beresford [née Stuart], Louisa Anne, marchioness of Waterford (1818–1891), watercolour painter and philanthropist, was born on 14 April 1818 at the Hôtel Charost, Faubourg St Honoré, Paris, the second daughter of Sir Charles Stuart, later Baron Stuart de Rothesay (1779–1845), diplomatist. Her paternal grandfather was ...

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Bodichon, Barbara Leigh Smith (1827–1891), artist and women's activist, was born on 8 April 1827 in Whatlington, near Robertsbridge, Sussex, the eldest of the five children of the radical MP Benjamin Smith (1783–1860) [see under Smith, William (1756-1835)] and Anne Longden (1801–1834)...

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Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon (1827–1891) by André Adolphe Eugène Disderi © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bowtell [Boudle], John (1753–1813), bookbinder and philanthropist, the third son of Joseph Boudle (c.1722–1757) and his wife, Margery (c.1720–1780), was born on 1 August 1753, and baptized John Boudle on 15 September 1753 at Holy Trinity Church in Cambridge...

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Cook, Ernest Edward (1865–1955), art collector and preservationist, was born at Camberwell, London, on 4 September 1865, the second of the three sons of John Mason Cook (1834–1899), travel agent [see under Cook, Thomas], and Emma, daughter of Thomas William Hodges...

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Creed [née Pickering], Elizabeth (c. 1642–1728), artist and philanthropist, was probably the eldest daughter of Sir Gilbert Pickering, first baronet (1611–1668), of Titchmarsh, Northamptonshire, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1679), only daughter of Sir Sidney Montagu of Hinchingbrooke, Huntingdonshire, and hence the sister of the ...

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Davies, Gwendoline Elizabeth [Gwen] (1882–1951), philanthropist and patron of the arts, was born on 11 February 1882 at Plas Dinam, Llandinam, Montgomeryshire, the second of the three children of Edward Davies (1852–1898) and his wife, Mary (d. 1888), daughter of the Calvinistic Methodist minister the ...

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See Davies, Gwendoline Elizabeth [Gwen]

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Richard Fitzwilliam, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816) by Joseph Wright of Derby, 1764 Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge, UK; photograph Bridgeman Art Library

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Fitzwilliam, Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), benefactor and musical antiquary, was born on 1 August 1745 at Richmond, Surrey, the eldest son of Richard Fitzwilliam, sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (d. 1776), and Catherine (c.1710–1786), eldest daughter and coheir of the Dutch-born merchant and political economist ...

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Gill, (Arthur) Eric Rowton (1882–1940), artist, craftsman, and social critic, was born at 32 Hamilton Road, Brighton, Sussex, on 22 February 1882, the eldest son and second of the thirteen children of the Revd Arthur Tidman Gill (1848–1933), minister of the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion...

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(Arthur) Eric Rowton Gill (1882–1940) self-portrait, 1927 © courtesy the Artist's Estate / Bridgeman Art Library; Art Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, the University of Texas at Austin