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Geddes, Sir Patrick (1854–1932), social evolutionist and city planner, was born at Ballater, west Aberdeenshire, Scotland, on 2 October 1854, the youngest son of Alexander Geddes (1808–1899), and his wife, Janet Stivenson. His father was a quartermaster in the Black Watch; his mother came from a family of strict Presbyterian covenanters....

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Sir Patrick Geddes (1854–1932) by Lafayette, 1931 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

The founding members of Georgian Group (act. 1937–c.1947) were a gathering of architects and architectural historians, curators, politicians, lawyers, writers, and socialites, who came together to intercede against the destruction of Georgian architecture, especially in English towns and cities, that took place during the interwar years. It was established by the author and diplomat ...

Article

Heming, Edmund (fl. 1680–1699), street-lighting entrepreneur, who was living near the Steelyard in Thames Street, London, first came to notice in 1680 with a proposal that the government should raise £8 million by levying a tax of 2d. per week on householders' beds, claiming that this would not imperil the livelihood of any tradesmen. His proposal met with understandable derision....

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Howard, Sir Ebenezer (1850–1928), founder of the garden city movement, was born at 62 Fore Street in the City of London on 29 January 1850, the third child and only son of Ebenezer Howard, confectioner, who owned several shops in and near the ...

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Sir Ebenezer Howard (1850–1928) by E. Housden, c. 1908 First Garden City Heritage Museum, Letchworth

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Nettlefold, John Sutton (1866–1930), housing reformer and town planner, was born in Highbury, London, on 2 May 1866, the fourth son of (Edward) John Nettlefold (1826–1878), screw manufacturer, and his wife Frances, née Whyman (1835–1907). His family were Unitarians and he was educated at ...

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John Sutton Nettlefold (1866–1930) by unknown photographer, c. 1886–96 by permission of Winterbourne House & Garden and L. Reid