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Allen, Norman Percy (1903–1972), metallurgist, was born in Wrexham, north Wales, on 5 June 1903, the fifth of ten children, seven girls and three boys, of Sidney Edward Allen, an accountant in the borough treasurer's department at Wrexham, and his wife, Emily Eliza Davis...

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Andrews, Thomas (1847–1907), metallurgist and ironmaster, was born at 19 Carver Street, Sheffield, on 16 February 1847, the only son of Thomas Andrews and his wife, Mary Bolsover. Thomas Andrews senior was a partner in the Wortley ironworks and the Wortley Silkstone colliery...

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Atkinson, Stephen (fl. 1586–1619), metallurgist, whose early life is not documented, was a native of London. After serving an apprenticeship to Francis Tiver, a refiner of gold and silver, he was admitted a finer in the Tower of London mint about 1586. After a year spent working at the ...

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Austen, Sir William Chandler Roberts- (1843–1902), metallurgist, was born at Kennington, Surrey, on 3 March 1843, the eldest son of George Roberts, of Welsh descent, who worked for the Hudson's Bay Company, and his wife, Maria Louisa, daughter of William Chandler MD of ...

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Brearley, Harry (1871–1948), metallurgist, was born on 18 February 1871 at 23 Spital Street, Sheffield, the youngest of five sons and the eighth of nine children of John Brearley, steelworker, and his wife, Jane Senior. Brearley's father was 'an expert steel melter and also an expert ale-supper' (...

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C. H. Desch

revised by Anita McConnell

Carpenter, Sir (Henry Cort) Harold (1875–1940), metallurgist, was born at Clifton, Bristol, on 6 February 1875, the second son of William Lant Carpenter, engineer, of Bristol, and his wife, Annie Grace Viret. He was a grandson of the naturalist William Benjamin Carpenter and a great-great-grandson of ...

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L. A. Jordan

revised by K. D. Watson

Cullen, William (1867–1948), chemist and metallurgist, was born at Shettleston, Glasgow, on 18 May 1867, the son of William Cullen and his wife, Margaret Johnston, of Uddingston, Glasgow. He came from a family engaged in the woollen industry and was educated in Glasgow...

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Desch, Cecil Henry (1874–1958), metallurgist, was born at 99 Hemingford Road, Islington, London, on 7 September 1874, the eldest child in the family of two sons and one daughter of Henry Thomas Desch, surveyor, and his wife, Harriet Ingerson, of Pilton, Devon. Desch...

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Sir (Harold) Montague Finniston (1912–1991) by Godfrey Argent Studios Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Finniston, Sir (Harold) Montague [Monty] (1912–1991), metallurgist and businessman, was born at 26 Aikenhead Road, Govanhill, Glasgow, on 15 August 1912, the eldest child in the family of two sons and three daughters of Robert Finniston and his wife, Esther, née Diamond. Both parents were Russian-Jewish immigrants; the original family name was ...

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Fowler, Sir Henry (1870–1938), mechanical engineer and metallurgist, was born in Port Street, Bengeworth, Evesham, Worcestershire, on 29 July 1870, the eldest son of Henry Fowler, cabinet-maker, upholsterer, and house agent, and his wife, Mary Hughes. He was educated at Evesham grammar school...

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Gilchrist, Percy Carlyle (1851–1935), metallurgist, was born in Lyme Regis on 27 December 1851, the elder son (there were also two daughters) of Alexander Gilchrist (1828–1861), barrister and writer, and his wife, Anne Gilchrist, née Burrows (1828–1885), biographer and essayist, daughter of John Parker Burrows...

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Hadfield, Sir Robert Abbott, baronet (1858–1940), metallurgist and steel maker, was born in the Vestry Hall, Hilltop, Attercliffe, near Sheffield, on 28 November 1858. He was the only son of Robert Hadfield (1832–1888) and his wife, Marianne Abbott, the daughter of an Oxfordshire...

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Harris, John Edwin [Jack] (1932–2009), metallurgist and science writer, was born on 2 June 1932 at Oak Cottage, Penhow, near Chepstow, Monmouthshire, the elder son of John Frederick (Fred) Harris (1906–1978), then a road foreman for the rural district council, later an assistant surveyor, and his wife, ...

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Honeycombe, Sir Robert William Kerr (1921–2007), metallurgist, was born on 2 May 1921 in Elsternwick, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, the son of William Honeycombe (1881–1962), accountant, and his wife, Rachel Annie, née Kerr (1886–1952). Both parents were born in Melbourne but their origins can be traced back to ...

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Johnson, Percival Norton (1792–1866), metallurgist, was born on 29 September 1792 at 6–7 Maiden Lane, in the City of London, the third of the ten children of John Johnson (1765–1831), assayer of ores and metals, and his wife, Mary (née Wight) (1766–1863)...

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Matthey, George (1825–1913), refiner and metallurgist, was born on 8 May 1825, the fourth son of John Matthey, a stockbroker and foreign-exchange dealer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Green. George was educated at Arragon House in Twickenham, but his career was determined by an agreement between his father and ...

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Sir Andrew McCance (1889–1983) by Walter Bird, 1966 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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McCance, Sir Andrew (1889–1983), steelmaster and metallurgist, was born at 12 Adder Steps, Cadder, Dunbartonshire, on 30 March 1889, the third of four children and younger son of John McCance, a cloth factor, and his wife, Janet Ferguson McGaw. His father subsequently worked for the ...

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Morrison, Sir (William) Murray (1873–1948), metallurgist and electrical engineer, was born on 7 October 1873 at Birchwood, Lower Drummond, Inverness, the younger child of William Morrison (b. 1841/1844), wood merchant and shipowner, and his wife, Marjory, daughter of Charles Innes, solicitor. Educated at ...