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Thomas Edward Allibone (1903–2003) by Elliott & Fry, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allibone, Thomas Edward [Ted] (1903–2003), physicist and electrical engineer, was born on 11 November 1903 at 10 Melbourne Road, Nether Hallam, Sheffield, the son of Henry James Allibone, schoolteacher, and his wife, Eliza, née Kidger, a farmer's daughter. He was educated at the ...

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Charles Babbage (1791–1871) by Antoine Claudet, c. 1847–51 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Babbage, Charles (1791–1871), mathematician and computer pioneer, was the first son born to Benjamin Babbage (d. 1827), a well-to-do London banker, and Elizabeth (Betsy, Betty) Plumleigh Teape (d. 1844). Confusion has surrounded both the year and place of Babbage's birth. This confusion is not an invention of modern historiography but dates back to the last century since when ...

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Buxton, John Noel (1933–2009), computer scientist, was born on 25 December 1933 in Shipley Hospital, 90 Kirkgate, Shipley, Yorkshire, the eldest child of John William Buxton, journalist, and his wife, Laura Frances, née Whitehead. At the time of his birth registration his parents lived at ...

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Pinkerton, John Maurice McLean (1919–1997), computer engineer, was born on 2 August 1919 at 18 Somerset Terrace, St Pancras, London, the elder son and eldest of the three children of John McLean Pinkerton (1890–1957), a surgeon, and his wife, Nora Dorothy, née O'Flyn (1880–1968)...

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John Richardson Mainwaring Simmons (1902–1985) by unknown photographer private collection

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Simmons, John Richardson Mainwaring (1902–1985), office systems pioneer and company director, was born on 18 March 1902 at 52 Ward Place, Cinnamon Gardens, Colombo, Ceylon, the third child of Sydney Mainwaring Simmons (1870–1955), clerk in holy orders, and his first wife, Beatrice Margaret Reynolds (1869–1907)...