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Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, first baronet (1827–1902) by Frank Bramley, 1900 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus, first baronet (1827–1902), chemist and explosives expert, was born on 17 July 1827 at Woolwich, the eldest son of Johann Leopold Abel (1795–1871), a music master in Kennington, and his wife, Louisa (d. 1864), daughter of Martin Hopkins...

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Henry Edward Armstrong (1848–1937) by Thomas Cantrell Dugdale, 1927 © reserved; photograph Royal Institution, London / Bridgeman Art Library

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Armstrong, Henry Edward (1848–1937), chemist and educational reformer, was born on 6 May 1848 at Caroline Place, Avenue Road, Lewisham, Kent, the eldest son of Richard Armstrong (1827–1884), a commission agent and importer, and his wife, Mary Ann Biddle. He was educated at ...

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Austen, Sir William Chandler Roberts- (1843–1902), metallurgist, was born at Kennington, Surrey, on 3 March 1843, the eldest son of George Roberts, of Welsh descent, who worked for the Hudson's Bay Company, and his wife, Maria Louisa, daughter of William Chandler MD of ...

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Baker, Herbert Brereton (1862–1935), chemist, was born at Livesey, near Blackburn, on 25 June 1862, the second son of John Baker, curate in charge of Livesey, afterwards vicar of St John's Church, Blackburn, and his wife, Caroline Slater. Ill health kept him indoors; he could read before he was four years old and at ten he had read most of his father's library. He was educated first at ...

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[Anon.]

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Batt, William (1744–1812), physician and chemist, was born at Collingbourne, Wiltshire, on 18 June 1744, and is said to have been a student at Oxford University. He then studied medicine in London, after which he went to Montpellier, where he took his MD in 1770. In 1771 he continued his studies at ...

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Thomas Beddoes (1760–1808) by Charles Turner Warren, pubd 1810 (after Edward Bird) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beddoes, Thomas (1760–1808), chemist and physician, was born at Shifnal in Shropshire on 13 April 1760, the son of Ann Beddoes (née Whitehall), and her husband, Richard Beddoes (d. 1803), a tanner who was part of a prosperous and politically liberal commercial circle. ...

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Alfred Bird (bap. 1811, d. 1878) by Henry John Whitlock Bird family archives

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Bird, Alfred (bap. 1811, d. 1878), chemist and food manufacturer, the fourth son of John Bird (1780–1846), astronomer and lecturer, and his wife, Mary, née Bland, was baptized at Nympsfield, Gloucestershire, on 25 August 1811. According to family tradition, he was the great-grandson of ...

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Bloxam, Charles Loudon (1831–1887), chemist, was born on 23 March 1831 at Meriden, Warwickshire, the third son of William Bloxam, surgeon. The family subsequently moved to 28 Duke Street, London. He attended King's College School in 1842–3, and from 1845 trained in chemistry under ...

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See Bloxam, Charles Loudon

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Boase, Henry Samuel (1799–1883), geologist and chemist, was born at 6 Knightsbridge, London, on 2 September 1799, the third child of Henry Boase (1763–1827), a banker, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Matthew Craige. He came from an extensive Cornish family; three of his nephews, ...

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Bourne, Robert (1761–1829), physician and chemist, was born at Shrawley, Worcestershire, on 18 August 1761, the second son of Robert Bourne. He was educated at Bromsgrove grammar school and was elected a scholar at Worcester College, Oxford, on 1 July 1777. He took his BA in 1781 and was elected a fellow in 1784 on taking his MA. Following a period of training at ...

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Bowman, John Eddowes, the younger (1819–1856), chemist, was born at Welshpool in north Wales on 7 July 1819, the fourth son of John Eddowes Bowman the elder (1785–1841), banker and naturalist, and his wife, Elizabeth Eddowes (1788–1859), daughter of William Eddowes of Shrewsbury...

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Sir (William) Lawrence Bragg (1890–1971) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bragg, Sir (William) Lawrence (1890–1971), physicist and crystallographer, was born on 31 March 1890 at 58/60 Lefevre Terrace, Adelaide, Australia, the elder son (the younger, Robert, was killed at Gallipoli in 1915) and eldest of the three children of Sir William Henry Bragg (1862–1942)...

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William Thomas Brande (1788–1866) by Maull & Polyblank, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brande, William Thomas (1788–1866), chemist, was born on 11 February 1788 at 10 Arlington Street, London, the youngest of the six children of Augustus Everard Brande (1746–1834), apothecary, and his wife, Ann, née Thomas (1753–1837). Brande was a scion of a wealthy family of apothecaries with appointments to the Hanoverian and ...