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George Macdonald Bennett (1892–1959) by Walter Stoneman Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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R. L. Wain

revised by K. D. Watson

Bennett, George Macdonald (1892–1959), chemist, was born in Lincoln on 25 October 1892, the youngest of the three children of the Revd John Ebenezer Bennett (d. 1906), teacher and Baptist minister, and his wife, Hanna Martha (d. 1932), daughter of William Grange...

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Fowden, Sir Leslie (1925–2008), plant biochemist, was born on 13 October 1925 at Birch Hill House, Wardle, Rochdale, Lancashire, the only child of Herbert Fowden (1878–1960), an iron turner at Turner Brothers, ironfounders, and his wife, Amy Dorothy (1891–1960), a cotton minder and daughter of ...

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Gore, George (1826–1908), electrochemist and scientific writer, was born at Blackfriars, Bristol, on 22 January 1826, the son of George Gore, a cooper. He was educated at a small private school in Bristol but left at the age of twelve or thirteen to become an errand boy. At the age of seventeen he was apprenticed to a cooper for four years, but pursued scientific study and experiment in his spare time. Of particular interest to him was electrodeposition and in 1851 he moved to ...

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Harrison, Edward Frank (1869–1918), analytical chemist and army officer, was born at 264 Albany Road, Camberwell, London, on 18 July 1869, the third child of William Harrison (1822/3–1878), a Home Office clerk, and his wife, Susannah, née Lawson. His father died when he was nine and his mother opened a small school, which enabled her sons to be educated at the ...

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Maker: Charles Hewitt

Dame Kathleen Lonsdale (1903–1971) by Charles Hewitt, 1948 Getty Images – Charles Hewitt

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Lonsdale [née Yardley], Dame Kathleen (1903–1971), crystallographer and pacifist, was born Kathleen Yardley in Newbridge, Ireland, on 28 January 1903, the youngest child of Harry Frederick Yardley (d. 1923), the local postmaster, and his wife, Jessie Cameron. In 1908 Kathleen's mother, who had been brought up in ...

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Shanks, James (1800–1867), chemical engineer, was born on 24 April 1800 in Lochwinnoch, near Johnstone, Renfrewshire, the eldest of at least nine children of William Shanks, millwright and engineer. His mother was Isabel Anderson. In 1821, after assisting in his father's engineering works for several years, he went to ...

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Turner, William Ernest Stephen (1881–1963), chemist and glass technologist, was born in Wednesbury, Staffordshire on 22 September 1881, the eldest son and second of the seven children of William George Turner and his wife, Emma Blanche Gardner, daughter of a London tradesman. His father worked, successively, as a railway porter, signalman, ironworks labourer, postman, and industrial insurance agent; he also served, throughout his working life, as deacon and elder in the ...

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Wigner, George William (1842–1884), analytical chemist, was born on 19 October 1842 at Norfolk Street, King's Lynn, the eldest son of John Thomas Wigner, minister of the local Baptist church, and his wife, Harriett Louisa (née Ovenden). He was educated at Lynn grammar school...