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Albright, Arthur (1811–1900), chemist and phosphorus manufacturer, was born on 3 March 1811 in Charlbury, Oxfordshire, into a Quaker family, the second son and sixth of ten children of William Albright, grocer and mercer of Charlbury, and his wife, Rachel Tanner of Woodborough, Somerset...

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Corbyn, Thomas (1711–1791), pharmaceutical chemist, was born on 13 February 1711 in Worcester, the son of John Corbyn and his wife, Candia, daughter of John and Cecilia Handley of Pontypool. His parents were members of the Society of Friends. He was apprenticed for eight years from September 1728 to ...

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John Dalton (1766–1844) by Thomas Phillips, 1835 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Dalton, John (1766–1844), chemist and natural philosopher, was born (by his own account) on 6 September 1766 at Eaglesfield, near Cockermouth in Cumberland, second of the four children and second son of Joseph Dalton, a weaver, and Deborah Greenup. His parents had married in 1755; both were members of the ...

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Lonsdale [née Yardley], Dame Kathleen (1903–1971), crystallographer and pacifist, was born Kathleen Yardley in Newbridge, Ireland, on 28 January 1903, the youngest child of Harry Frederick Yardley (d. 1923), the local postmaster, and his wife, Jessie Cameron. In 1908 Kathleen's mother, who had been brought up in ...

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William Allen Miller (1817–1870) by Ernest Edwards, pubd 1864 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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A. M. Clerke

revised by Anita McConnell

Miller, William Allen (1817–1870), chemist, was born on 17 December 1817 at Ipswich, the eldest son in the family of three sons and three daughters of William Miller (1788–1861) and his wife, Frances (Fanny) Bowyer, née Vaux (1785–1854). William Miller was employed in the firm of ...

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B. B. Woodward

revised by Anita McConnell

Pattinson, Hugh Lee (1796–1858), metallurgical chemist, was born on 25 December 1796, at Alston, Cumberland, the son of Thomas Pattinson, a shopkeeper of that town, and his wife, Margaret Lee. Both his parents were members of the Society of Friends. Hugh was educated at small private schools, but from an early age assisted his father, who died on 19 May 1812. He succeeded in acquiring a knowledge of electricity, and when only seventeen constructed some electrical apparatus; he also studied chemistry, especially in connection with metallurgy. On 25 December 1815 he married ...

Article

Phillips, Richard (1778–1851), chemist, was born on 21 November 1778, in George Yard, Lombard Street, London, the fifth of at least eleven children of James Phillips (1745–1799), printer and bookseller, and his wife, Mary (c.1746–1808), daughter of the London linen draper ...

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Richard Phillips (1778–1851) by unknown engraver, pubd 1851 (after Antoine Claudet) © National Portrait Gallery, London