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G. F. Rodwell

revised by T. B. Anderson

Anderson, Thomas (1819–1874), chemist, was born on 2 July 1819, probably in Quality Street, Leith, the eldest of nine children of Charles Anderson (1772–1855), a surgeon, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Rhind, manager of an Edinburgh insurance office. His grandfather, also named ...

Article

Brown, Samuel (1817–1856), chemist, was born at Haddington, Scotland, on 23 February 1817, fourth son of Samuel Brown, founder of ‘itinerating libraries’ and grandson of John Brown, theological writer and author of The Self-Interpreting Bible (1778). He attended the grammar school at Haddington...

Article

Clark, Thomas (1801–1867), chemist, was born in Ayr on 30 March 1801, the son of Thomas Clark, a shipmaster, and his wife, Eleanora Cumming. According to his earliest biographer, his student Alexander Bain, Clark's mother was the originator of what became known as ‘...

Article

Crawford, Adair (1748–1795), physician and chemist, son of Thomas Crawford (1695/6–1782), minister, and his wife, Anne, née Mackay, an aunt of Elizabeth Hamilton (1758–1816), was born in Crumlin, co. Antrim. William Crawford (1739/40–1800) was his brother. Crawford matriculated at Glasgow University in 1764 and went on to study theology, arts, and medicine. He became MA in 1770. During his studies in ...

Article

L. A. Jordan

revised by K. D. Watson

Cullen, William (1867–1948), chemist and metallurgist, was born at Shettleston, Glasgow, on 18 May 1867, the son of William Cullen and his wife, Margaret Johnston, of Uddingston, Glasgow. He came from a family engaged in the woollen industry and was educated in Glasgow...

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John Ferguson (1838–1916) by Sarony, 1880s courtesy of Glasgow University

Article

Ferguson, John (1838–1916), chemist and bibliographer, was born on 24 January 1838 at Alloa in Clackmannanshire, Scotland, the second of three children of William Ferguson and his wife, Margaret Kidd. His father moved from Alloa at an early date, settling in Glasgow as a merchant. ...

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Alexander Fleck, Baron Fleck (1889–1968) by Sir Lawrence Gowing, 1957 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Fleck, Alexander, Baron Fleck (1889–1968), chemist and industrialist, was born in Glasgow on 11 November 1889, the only son of Robert Fleck, coal merchant, and his wife, Agnes Hendry, daughter of James Duncan, coal clerk. He was educated at Saltcoats public school and ...

Article

Fyfe, Andrew (1792–1861), chemist, was born, probably in Edinburgh, on 18 January 1792, the eldest son of Andrew Fyfe (1752–1824), dissector in anatomy at the University of Edinburgh, and his wife, Agnes Ord Williamson. He graduated MD from that university in 1814, and he was elected fellow of the ...

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John Hall Gladstone (1827–1902) by Spy (Sir Leslie Ward), pubd 1891 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Gladstone, John Hall (1827–1902), physical chemist, was born on 7 March 1827 at 7 Chatham Place West, Hackney, Middlesex, the eldest son of John Gladstone and his wife, Alison Hall. His younger brother, George (1828–1909), was a prominent educationist and for many years chairman of the school board of ...

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Thomas Graham (1805–1869) by Maull & Polyblank, c. 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Graham, Thomas (1805–1869), chemist, was born on 21 December 1805 at 55 St Andrew's Square, Glasgow, the second of the seven children of James Graham (1776–1842), a prosperous Glasgow merchant and manufacturer of light woven fabrics for the West Indies, and his wife, ...

Article

Harley, George (1829–1896), physician and physiological chemist, was born on 12 February 1829 at Harley House, Haddington, East Lothian, the only son of George Barclay Harley (1766–1832), a landowner, and his wife, Margaret, née Macbeath (1788/9–1845). His father was sixty-three at the time of his birth, and his mother was forty. After his father's death he was raised by his mother and maternal grandmother. He received his early education at the ...

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Johnston, James Finlay Weir (1796–1855), chemist, was born at Paisley on 13 September 1796, the eldest son of James Johnston, merchant of Kilmarnock. At the University of Glasgow, where he supported himself by tutoring, he won prizes and medals in both science and humanities. After graduating MA in 1826 he went to ...

Article

Keir, James (1735–1820), chemist and industrialist, was born on 29 September 1735 at Edinburgh, the youngest of eighteen children of John Keir (1686–1743), landowner of Muirton and Queenshaugh, Stirlingshire, and his wife, Magdaline, née Lind (1691–1775). His mother was the sister of George Lind...

Article

Lewis, William Cudmore McCullagh (1885–1956), physical chemist, was born in Belfast, co. Antrim, on 29 June 1885, the son of Edward Lewis, a linen merchant, and his wife, Frances Welsh McCullagh, daughter of the Revd William Cudmore McCullagh of Ballysillan Presbyterian Church, Belfast...

Article

Macadam, John (1827–1865), chemist and politician in Australia, was born at Northbank, near Glasgow, in May 1827, the second son of William Macadam and his wife, Helen Stevenson. After being privately educated in Glasgow, he studied chemistry at the Andersonian Institution (1842–5) and became assistant to ...

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John Stewart MacArthur (1856–1920) by G. Comrie Smith The Master and Fellows of Balliol College, Oxford