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G. F. Rodwell

revised by T. B. Anderson

Anderson, Thomas (1819–1874), chemist, was born on 2 July 1819, probably in Quality Street, Leith, the eldest of nine children of Charles Anderson (1772–1855), a surgeon, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Rhind, manager of an Edinburgh insurance office. His grandfather, also named ...

Article

Brown, Samuel (1817–1856), chemist, was born at Haddington, Scotland, on 23 February 1817, fourth son of Samuel Brown, founder of ‘itinerating libraries’ and grandson of John Brown, theological writer and author of The Self-Interpreting Bible (1778). He attended the grammar school at Haddington...

Article

L. A. Jordan

revised by K. D. Watson

Cullen, William (1867–1948), chemist and metallurgist, was born at Shettleston, Glasgow, on 18 May 1867, the son of William Cullen and his wife, Margaret Johnston, of Uddingston, Glasgow. He came from a family engaged in the woollen industry and was educated in Glasgow...

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John Ferguson (1838–1916) by Sarony, 1880s courtesy of Glasgow University

Article

Ferguson, John (1838–1916), chemist and bibliographer, was born on 24 January 1838 at Alloa in Clackmannanshire, Scotland, the second of three children of William Ferguson and his wife, Margaret Kidd. His father moved from Alloa at an early date, settling in Glasgow as a merchant. ...

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Alexander Fleck, Baron Fleck (1889–1968) by Sir Lawrence Gowing, 1957 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Fleck, Alexander, Baron Fleck (1889–1968), chemist and industrialist, was born in Glasgow on 11 November 1889, the only son of Robert Fleck, coal merchant, and his wife, Agnes Hendry, daughter of James Duncan, coal clerk. He was educated at Saltcoats public school and ...

Article

Fyfe, Andrew (1792–1861), chemist, was born, probably in Edinburgh, on 18 January 1792, the eldest son of Andrew Fyfe (1752–1824), dissector in anatomy at the University of Edinburgh, and his wife, Agnes Ord Williamson. He graduated MD from that university in 1814, and he was elected fellow of the ...

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Thomas Graham (1805–1869) by Maull & Polyblank, c. 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Graham, Thomas (1805–1869), chemist, was born on 21 December 1805 at 55 St Andrew's Square, Glasgow, the second of the seven children of James Graham (1776–1842), a prosperous Glasgow merchant and manufacturer of light woven fabrics for the West Indies, and his wife, ...

Article

Johnston, James Finlay Weir (1796–1855), chemist, was born at Paisley on 13 September 1796, the eldest son of James Johnston, merchant of Kilmarnock. At the University of Glasgow, where he supported himself by tutoring, he won prizes and medals in both science and humanities. After graduating MA in 1826 he went to ...

Article

Mackenzie, Sir George Steuart, seventh baronet (1780–1848), chemist, geologist, and antiquary, was born in Edinburgh on 22 June 1780, only surviving child of Sir Alexander Mackenzie, sixth baronet (c.1741–1796), a major-general in the Bengal army, and Katherine (d. 1829), daughter of ...

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Mungo Ponton (1802–1880) by unknown photographer, 1870s Heritage Images Partnership

Article

Ponton, Mungo (1802–1880), inventor of photographic processes and lawyer, the only son of John Ponton, farmer, and his wife, Isabell née Ponton, was born at Balgreen, near Edinburgh, on 23 November 1802. Educated as a lawyer, he was admitted to the Society of Writers to the Signet...

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Sir William Ramsay (1852–1916) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ramsay, Sir William (1852–1916), physical chemist, was born on 2 October 1852 at 2 Queen's Crescent, Glasgow, the only child of William Ramsay (1811–1887), civil engineer and later surveyor to the Scottish Union Insurance Company, and his wife, Catherine (d. 1891), daughter of ...

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Thomas Thomson (1773–1852) by James Faed, pubd 1853 (after John Graham Gilbert, c. 1830) [detail] Wellcome Library, London

Article

Thomson, Thomas (1773–1852), chemist, was born on 12 April 1773 at Crieff, Perthshire, the seventh child and youngest son of John Thomson, a retired woolman, and his wife, Elizabeth Ewan. He was educated at home by his mother and his brother James, at ...

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Andrew Ure (1778–1857) by unknown artist, c. 1820 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ure, Andrew (1778–1857), chemist, was born in New Street, Glasgow, on 18 May 1778, the son of Alexander Ure, cheesemonger of New Street, and his wife, Anne. From an early age he showed a 'combative and rancorous disposition' (Farrar, 299...