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Bone, William Arthur (1871–1938), chemist and fuel technologist, was born at Stockton-on-Tees on 19 March 1871, the eldest son of Christopher Bone, tea merchant, of Stockton, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Hutchinson. He was educated at Middlesbrough high school, and subsequently at the ...

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Charles Alfred Coulson (1910–1974) by Walter Bird Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Coulson, Charles Alfred (1910–1974), theoretical chemist, was born at Dudley on 13 December 1910, one of twin sons (there were no other children) of Alfred Coulson, who became principal of Dudley Technical College and later HM inspector of technical colleges in south-west England...

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Dainton, Frederick Sydney, Baron Dainton (1914–1997), chemist and public servant, was born on 11 November 1914 at 66 Ranby Road, Sheffield, the youngest of the four children of George Whalley Dainton (1857–1930), stonemason, and his second wife, Mary Jane (1873–1943), a domestic servant, daughter of ...

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Herapath, William (1796–1868), analytical chemist, was born on 26 May 1796 in Bristol, the son of William Herapath (d. c.1815), who conducted an extensive business as maltster and brewer in St Philip's out-parish. The younger Herapath exhibited an early interest in science and the mechanical arts, and was known in his family as ...

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See Herapath, William

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Lowry, Thomas Martin (1874–1936), physical chemist, was born on 26 October 1874 at Low Moor, Bradford, the second son of Edward Pearce Lowry, Methodist minister, and his wife, Jemima Hofland. He was educated at Kingswood School, Bath, and then, from 1893, at the ...

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John Mercer (1791–1866) by unknown photographer © Museum of the History of Science, University of Oxford

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P. J. Hartog

revised by W. H. Brock

Mercer, John (1791–1866), calico printer and chemist, was born on 21 February 1791 at Dean, in the parish of Great Harwood, near Blackburn, Lancashire, the eldest of three children of Robert Mercer (d. 1800), a hand-loom weaver and farmer, and his wife, ...

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C. S. Gibson

revised by K. D. Watson

Pope, Sir William Jackson (1870–1939), chemist, was born on 31 March 1870 at 89 New North Road, London, the eldest of the eight children of William Pope, a City merchant who came from Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, and his wife, Alice, daughter of William Hall...

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Raistrick, Harold (1890–1971), chemist, was born on 26 November 1890 at Pudsey in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the second of four children (and eldest surviving son) of Mark Walker Raistrick, an engineer in the local woollen mill, and his wife, Bertha Anne Galloway...

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Cyril Stanley Smith (1903–1992) by Godfrey Argent, 1970 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Smith, Cyril Stanley (1903–1992), metallurgist and historian of technology, was born on 4 October 1903 in Birmingham, the third of the four children of Joseph Seymour Smith, a commercial traveller for Camp coffee, and his wife, Frances, née Norton (1871–1949). He was brought up in a Methodist household. He was educated by avidly reading the ...

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Frederick Soddy (1877–1956) by Walter Stoneman, 1920 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Soddy, Frederick (1877–1956), chemist and social commentator, was born on 2 September 1877 at Bolton Road, Eastbourne, the fourth son of Benjamin Soddy (d. 1911), a semi-retired London corn buyer, and his second wife, Hannah Green (d. 1879), who died when ...