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[Anon.]

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Batt, William (1744–1812), physician and chemist, was born at Collingbourne, Wiltshire, on 18 June 1744, and is said to have been a student at Oxford University. He then studied medicine in London, after which he went to Montpellier, where he took his MD in 1770. In 1771 he continued his studies at ...

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Thomas Beddoes (1760–1808) by Charles Turner Warren, pubd 1810 (after Edward Bird) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beddoes, Thomas (1760–1808), chemist and physician, was born at Shifnal in Shropshire on 13 April 1760, the son of Ann Beddoes (née Whitehall), and her husband, Richard Beddoes (d. 1803), a tanner who was part of a prosperous and politically liberal commercial circle. ...

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Joseph Black (1728–1799) by Sir Henry Raeburn, c. 1790 © Hunterian Art Gallery, University of Glasgow

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Black, Joseph (1728–1799), chemist and physician, was born on 16 April 1728 in Bordeaux, the sixth of twelve children of John Black, an Ulsterman who was a factor in the wine trade, and his wife, Margaret Gordon (d. 1747). Black's brothers all became manufacturers or tradesmen of various kinds and all were unsuccessful in business. ...

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Bourne, Robert (1761–1829), physician and chemist, was born at Shrawley, Worcestershire, on 18 August 1761, the second son of Robert Bourne. He was educated at Bromsgrove grammar school and was elected a scholar at Worcester College, Oxford, on 1 July 1777. He took his BA in 1781 and was elected a fellow in 1784 on taking his MA. Following a period of training at ...

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Brownrigg, William (1711–1800), physician and chemist, was born at High Close Hall, Cumberland, on 24 March 1711, the eldest of seven children of George Brownrigg (d. c.1760). After being apprenticed to a local physician and then studying medicine in London, 1733–5, he completed his education at the ...

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Corbyn, Thomas (1711–1791), pharmaceutical chemist, was born on 13 February 1711 in Worcester, the son of John Corbyn and his wife, Candia, daughter of John and Cecilia Handley of Pontypool. His parents were members of the Society of Friends. He was apprenticed for eight years from September 1728 to ...

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Crawford, Adair (1748–1795), physician and chemist, son of Thomas Crawford (1695/6–1782), minister, and his wife, Anne, née Mackay, an aunt of Elizabeth Hamilton (1758–1816), was born in Crumlin, co. Antrim. William Crawford (1739/40–1800) was his brother. Crawford matriculated at Glasgow University in 1764 and went on to study theology, arts, and medicine. He became MA in 1770. During his studies in ...

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Cruickshank, William (d. 1810/11), military surgeon and chemist, was possibly born in north-east Scotland in the 1740s or 1750s. There is no record of his family, education, or early life, but he may be the William Cruickshank who graduated MA from King's College, Aberdeen...

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William Cullen (1710–1790) by William Cochrane, c. 1768 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Cullen, William (1710–1790), chemist and physician, was born in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, near Glasgow, on 15 April 1710, the second son of William Cullen and his wife, Elizabeth, the daughter of Mr Robertson of Whistleberry. There were seven sons and daughters from the marriage, and after his father's death ...

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Davisson [D'Avissone], William (c. 1593–1669), chemist and physician, was born in Aberdeen, the youngest of the three sons of Duncan Davissone of Ardmakrone (d. c.1600) and Jonet Forbes. Shortly after the death of his father, his mother's holdings were seized by relatives, and after her early death suits for restitution continued for many years. In connection with these proceedings, ...

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Garnett, Thomas (1766–1802), chemist and physician, was born on 21 April 1766 at Casterton, near Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmorland, the elder of the two sons of John Garnett (1736–1812) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Skyring. He learned the rudiments of English, Latin, French, and mathematics at the village school of ...

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Goddard, Jonathan (bap. 1617, d. 1675), physician, chemist, and anatomist, was baptized at St Mary, Chatham, Kent, on 2 February 1617, the son of Henry Goddard, a wealthy Deptford shipbuilder. Goddard entered Magdalen Hall, Oxford, as a commoner in 1632 and for four years '...

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Gregory, William (1803–1858), chemist and psychic investigator, was born at St Andrew's Square, Edinburgh, on 25 December 1803, the fourth son of James Gregory (1753–1821), professor of medicine in the University of Edinburgh, and his second wife, Miss McLeod. He was descended from a long line of '...

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Hadley, John (1731–1764), physician and chemist, was born in London on the 8th April 1731, the eldest son of Ann Hoffman and Henry Hadley. His family included his uncles, John Hadley and George Hadley, both respected instrument makers and natural philosophers in the metropolis. He matriculated at ...

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Harley, George (1829–1896), physician and physiological chemist, was born on 12 February 1829 at Harley House, Haddington, East Lothian, the only son of George Barclay Harley (1766–1832), a landowner, and his wife, Margaret, née Macbeath (1788/9–1845). His father was sixty-three at the time of his birth, and his mother was forty. After his father's death he was raised by his mother and maternal grandmother. He received his early education at the ...

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Henry, Thomas (1734–1816), apothecary and chemist, was born on 28 September 1734 at Wrexham, Wales, the third of five children and the second of three sons of William Henry. His parents kept a school but his father was best known as a dancing-master. Of his elder brother, ...

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