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Akers, Sir Wallace Alan (1888–1954), chemist and industrialist, was born on 9 September 1888 at Walthamstow, the second child of Charles Akers, a chartered accountant, and his wife, Mary Ethelreda Brown. He was educated at Lake House School in Bexhill, and at Aldenham School...

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Albright, Arthur (1811–1900), chemist and phosphorus manufacturer, was born on 3 March 1811 in Charlbury, Oxfordshire, into a Quaker family, the second son and sixth of ten children of William Albright, grocer and mercer of Charlbury, and his wife, Rachel Tanner of Woodborough, Somerset...

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Allen, Sir Peter Christopher (1905–1993), chemist and industrialist, was born at Mawmead, Ashtead, Surrey, on 8 September 1905, the son of Sir Ernest King Allen (1864–1937), barrister and later assistant public trustee, and his wife, Florence Mary, née Gellatly. After Harrow School (1919–24) he studied natural sciences at ...

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Andrews, Thomas (1847–1907), metallurgist and ironmaster, was born at 19 Carver Street, Sheffield, on 16 February 1847, the only son of Thomas Andrews and his wife, Mary Bolsover. Thomas Andrews senior was a partner in the Wortley ironworks and the Wortley Silkstone colliery...

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Bain, Sir Frederick William (1889–1950), chemist and industrialist, was born on 22 March 1889 at Macduff, Banffshire, the son of James Bain, agent for the Macduff Commercial Company, and his wife, Isabella Strachan. Educated at the Banff Academy, he was only seventeen when the death of his father put an end to his hopes of a university career. He moved with his mother and younger sister to ...

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Alfred Bird (bap. 1811, d. 1878) by Henry John Whitlock Bird family archives

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Bird, Alfred (bap. 1811, d. 1878), chemist and food manufacturer, the fourth son of John Bird (1780–1846), astronomer and lecturer, and his wife, Mary, née Bland, was baptized at Nympsfield, Gloucestershire, on 25 August 1811. According to family tradition, he was the great-grandson of ...

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Calvert, Frederick Crace- (1819–1873), industrial and analytical chemist, was born on 14 November 1819 in London, the son of Alfred Crace, who later emigrated to Canada to escape his debts, and adopted the name Crace-Calvert. Nothing is known of Crace-Calvert's early education; at the age of sixteen he went to ...

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Corbyn, Thomas (1711–1791), pharmaceutical chemist, was born on 13 February 1711 in Worcester, the son of John Corbyn and his wife, Candia, daughter of John and Cecilia Handley of Pontypool. His parents were members of the Society of Friends. He was apprenticed for eight years from September 1728 to ...

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Davies, Duncan Sheppey (1921–1987), chemist and industrialist, was born in Liverpool on 20 April 1921, the only child of Duncan Samuel Davies, stockbroker, and his wife, Elsie Dora, née May. He grew up in Liverpool and was educated at Liverpool College. He went to ...

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Henry Deacon (1822–1876) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Deacon, Henry (1822–1876), chemist and manufacturer, was born on 30 July 1822 in London, the elder son of Henry Deacon, merchant, and his wife and cousin, Esther Deacon. The Deacons belonged to the Sandemanian church, whose most famous member, Michael Faraday, took an interest in their son. When he was fourteen ...

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Dunstan, Albert Ernest (1878–1964), research chemist and petroleum technologist, was born on 25 January 1878 at 69 Washington Road, Sheffield, the only son of Arthur Dunstan (d. 1896), a workshop manager, and Mary Ann Wainwright (d. 1897). His father was shop manager for an old-established firm (...

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Robert Hunt

revised by Carl Chinn

Evans, Brooke (1797–1862), nickel refiner, was born in Bull Street, Birmingham, the son of a woollen draper and tailor. He went to school in Singer's Hill, Birmingham, and Aldridge, Staffordshire. On leaving school at the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to a gun maker, and made his first acquaintance with metallurgy....

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Alexander Fleck, Baron Fleck (1889–1968) by Sir Lawrence Gowing, 1957 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fleck, Alexander, Baron Fleck (1889–1968), chemist and industrialist, was born in Glasgow on 11 November 1889, the only son of Robert Fleck, coal merchant, and his wife, Agnes Hendry, daughter of James Duncan, coal clerk. He was educated at Saltcoats public school and ...

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Forbes, David (1828–1876), geological chemist and mining engineer, was born at Douglas, Isle of Man, on 6 September 1828, one of the eight surviving children and fifth son of Edward Forbes (b. 1786) of Oakhill and Croukbane, near Douglas, a Manx banker and businessman, and ...

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Garton, Sir Richard Charles (1857–1934), chemist and brewer, was born at 11 Richmond Place, Bedminster, Somerset, on 8 October 1857, the eldest of five sons of William Garton (1832–1905) a brewer, and his wife, Ellen Miller, née Littleton. William Garton's company, Garton Hill...

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Hadfield, Sir Robert Abbott, baronet (1858–1940), metallurgist and steel maker, was born in the Vestry Hall, Hilltop, Attercliffe, near Sheffield, on 28 November 1858. He was the only son of Robert Hadfield (1832–1888) and his wife, Marianne Abbott, the daughter of an Oxfordshire...

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Henry, Thomas (1734–1816), apothecary and chemist, was born on 28 September 1734 at Wrexham, Wales, the third of five children and the second of three sons of William Henry. His parents kept a school but his father was best known as a dancing-master. Of his elder brother, ...