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Francis Thomas Bacon (1904–1992) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1987 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bacon, Francis Thomas [Tom] (1904–1992), engineer and developer of the fuel cell, was born on 21 December 1904 at Ramsden Hall, Ramsden Crays, Billericay, Essex, the second of three sons of Thomas Walter Bacon (1863–1950), electrical engineer, and his wife, Edith Mary, née...

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Collier, John Gordon (1935–1995), chemical engineer, was born on 22 January 1935 at 84 Thrale Road, Streatham, London, the only child of John (Jack) Collier, a professional double bass player, and his wife, Edith Georgina de Ville (d. 1948). The Second World War disrupted ...

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Peter Victor Danckwerts (1916–1984) by Godfrey Argent, c. 1970 Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Danckwerts, Peter Victor (1916–1984), chemical engineer, was born on 14 October 1916 at Emsworth, Hampshire, the eldest of five children (three sons and two daughters) of Rear-Admiral Victor Hilary Danckwerts (d. 1943), CMG, and his wife, Joyce Middleton. He came from a family with distinguished naval and legal experience; one of his grandfathers was a highly successful QC and an uncle became a lord justice of appeal. Nevertheless, his own inclination was towards chemistry, and as a boy he constructed his own laboratory in an attic at his home. He was educated at ...

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Davis, George Edward (1850–1907), chemical engineer, was born at Eton on 27 July 1850, the eldest son in the family of three sons and two daughters of George Davis, bookseller, and his wife, Lucy (née Smith). Little is known of his early education and at the age of fourteen he was apprenticed to a local bookbinder. However, after two years he abandoned this trade to pursue his interest in chemistry. He went to work at the local gasworks and studied part time—initially at the ...

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Dunstan, Albert Ernest (1878–1964), research chemist and petroleum technologist, was born on 25 January 1878 at 69 Washington Road, Sheffield, the only son of Arthur Dunstan (d. 1896), a workshop manager, and Mary Ann Wainwright (d. 1897). His father was shop manager for an old-established firm (...

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Forbes, David (1828–1876), geological chemist and mining engineer, was born at Douglas, Isle of Man, on 6 September 1828, one of the eight surviving children and fifth son of Edward Forbes (b. 1786) of Oakhill and Croukbane, near Douglas, a Manx banker and businessman, and ...

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Fowler, Sir Henry (1870–1938), mechanical engineer and metallurgist, was born in Port Street, Bengeworth, Evesham, Worcestershire, on 29 July 1870, the eldest son of Henry Fowler, cabinet-maker, upholsterer, and house agent, and his wife, Mary Hughes. He was educated at Evesham grammar school...

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Fox, Samson (1838–1903), mechanical and chemical engineer, and benefactor, born at Bowling, near Bradford, Yorkshire, on 11 July 1838, was one of three sons of James Fox, a Leeds cloth-mill worker, and his wife, Sarah Pearson. From the age of ten he worked with his father at the mill; but, showing mechanical aptitude, he was soon apprenticed to the ...

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Fox, Terence Robert Corelli (1912–1962), chemical engineer, was born in London on 2 May 1912, the only son of Corelli Fox, electrical engineer, and his wife, Mabel Ballard; he had two sisters. He was educated at Regent Street Polytechnic Technical School, and in 1930 he entered ...

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Griffiths, Hugh (1891–1954), chemical engineer, was born at 34 Dunning Road, Middlesbrough, on 28 July 1891, the only child of Hugh Griffiths (d. 1892/3), a blast furnace manager, and his wife, Emma Jane Watson. He attended school in Middlesbrough and, at the age of fifteen, won a national scholarship in chemistry at ...

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Hinchley, John William (1871–1931), chemical engineer, was born on 21 January 1871 in Grantham, the fourth in the family of nine children of John Hinchley (d. 1913), plough fitter and Methodist lay preacher, and his wife, Eliza Holland (d. 1932), a worker in a lace factory. His education was hampered by lack of money but, following the family's move to ...

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Humphrey, Herbert Alfred (1868–1951), mechanical and chemical engineer, was born at Hope Cottage, Lismore Road, Gospel Oak, London, on 2 December 1868, the son of John Charles Humphrey, accountant to the Metropolitan Board of Works, and his wife, Louisa Frost. He was the third son and fifth child of a family of seven. He was educated at ...

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Sir Ian Kinloch MacGregor (1912–1998) by David Mansell, 1984 Getty Images – David Mansell

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MacGregor, Sir Ian Kinloch (1912–1998), metallurgical engineer and industrialist, was born on 21 September 1912 at The Bungalow, Kinlochleven, Argyll, the third son of Daniel MacGregor, a works accountant, and his wife, Grace Alexanderina, née Fraser Maclean, a schoolteacher. His parents were leading lights in the ...

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Morrison, Sir (William) Murray (1873–1948), metallurgist and electrical engineer, was born on 7 October 1873 at Birchwood, Lower Drummond, Inverness, the younger child of William Morrison (b. 1841/1844), wood merchant and shipowner, and his wife, Marjory, daughter of Charles Innes, solicitor. Educated at ...

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Newitt, Dudley Maurice (1894–1980), chemical engineer, was born on 28 April 1894 in London, the second son in the family of four sons and three daughters of Edward James Dunn Newitt, a ballistics engineer, and his wife, Alice Gertrude Lewis, daughter of a craftsman in ...

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Phillips, John Arthur (1822–1887), mining engineer and metallurgist, was born on 18 February 1822 at Polgooth, near St Austell, Cornwall, the son of John Phillips (1793–1851), mineral agent, and his wife, Prudence Gavid (b. 1795). He was educated at a private school at ...

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Rambush, Niels Edward [formerly Niels Edvard Rambusch] (1889–1957), chemical engineer, was born on 25 March 1889 in Selde, Denmark, the eldest in the family of four sons and one daughter of Sigurd Harold Alfred Rambusch, medical practitioner and chief medical officer for ...