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Sir (William) Lawrence Bragg (1890–1971) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bragg, Sir (William) Lawrence (1890–1971), physicist and crystallographer, was born on 31 March 1890 at 58/60 Lefevre Terrace, Adelaide, Australia, the elder son (the younger, Robert, was killed at Gallipoli in 1915) and eldest of the three children of Sir William Henry Bragg (1862–1942)...

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Brooke, Henry James (1771–1857), crystallographer, was born on 25 May 1771 at Exeter into a family manufacturing broadcloth. After studying for the bar he entered business successively in the Spanish wool trade, South American mining, and as co-founder and secretary of the London Life Assurance Association...

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Cox, Sir (Ernest) Gordon (1906–1996), crystallographer and public servant, was born on 24 April 1906 at Pretoria House, Southdown, Twerton, Somerset, the son of Ernest Henry Cox (1884–1987), railway clerk and market gardener, and his wife, Rosina, née Ring (1872–1931), the daughter of a chef, who had worked on a farm in ...

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Rosalind Elsie Franklin (1920–1958) by Elliott & Fry, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Franklin, Rosalind Elsie (1920–1958), crystallographer, was born at Chepstow Villas, Notting Hill, London, on 25 July 1920, the elder daughter and second of the family of five children of Ellis Arthur Franklin (1894–1964), merchant banker of London, and his wife, Muriel Frances Waley (1894–1976)...

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Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910–1994) by Maggi Hambling, 1985 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot (1910–1994), chemist and crystallographer, was born on 12 May 1910 in Guizeh, near Cairo, Egypt, the eldest of four daughters of John Winter Crowfoot (1873–1958) and his wife, Grace Mary (Molly) Hood (1877–1957). Her father was an inspector with the ...

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Maker: Charles Hewitt

Dame Kathleen Lonsdale (1903–1971) by Charles Hewitt, 1948 Getty Images – Charles Hewitt

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Lonsdale [née Yardley], Dame Kathleen (1903–1971), crystallographer and pacifist, was born Kathleen Yardley in Newbridge, Ireland, on 28 January 1903, the youngest child of Harry Frederick Yardley (d. 1923), the local postmaster, and his wife, Jessie Cameron. In 1908 Kathleen's mother, who had been brought up in ...

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Megaw, Helen Dick (1907–2002), crystallographer, was born on 1 June 1907 at 44 Northumberland Road, Dublin, in the family of two sons and five daughters of Robert Dick Megaw (d. 1947), barrister, politician, and judge, and his wife, Annie, née McElderry. Her father had been called to the Irish bar in 1893 and took silk in 1921; from 1912 to 1914 he was professor of common law at the ...

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Robertson, John Monteath (1900–1989), chemical crystallographer, was born on 24 July 1900 at Nether Fordun, Auchterarder, Perthshire, the younger son and youngest of three children of William Robertson, farmer, and his second wife, Jane Monteath. He was educated in Auchterarder and at Perth Academy...

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Constance Fligg Tipper (1894–1995) by unknown photographer MMP Cambridge

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Tipper [née Elam], Constance Fligg (1894–1995), metallurgist and crystallographer, was born on 16 February 1894 in Station Road, New Barnet, Hertfordshire, the daughter of William Henry Elam, surgeon, and his wife, Lydia, née Coombes. She was educated at St Felix School, Southwold...

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Tutton, Alfred Edwin Howard (1864–1938), crystallographer and alpinist, was born at Stockport on 22 August 1864, the only child of James Tutton, venetian blind manufacturer, and his wife, Martha Howard. He attended the national school, Edgeley, leaving at the age of thirteen to work in the office of the town clerk of ...