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Cahn, Robert Wolfgang (1924–2007), materials scientist, was born on 9 September 1924 in Fürth, Bavaria, the first of two children of Martin Cahn (1896–1963), accountant and merchant, and his wife, Else, née Heinemann (1896–1962). His family was Jewish, assimilated into the business community. His maternal grandfather, ...

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Robert Wolfgang Cahn (1924–2007) by Godfrey Argent, 1992 © Godfrey Argent Studio

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Robert Robinson

Reviser K. D. Watson

Copisarow, Maurice (1889–1959), chemist, was born at Biruch in Russia on 16 August 1889, the son of Elkana (Conan) Copisarow, who following military service was a rabbinical scholar, and his wife, Sarah. After emigrating to England in 1908 Copisarow was taken under the wing of ...

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Falk, Samuel Jacob Hayyim (c. 1710–1782), alchemist, was born in Galicia, possibly in the town of Podhayce. After spending some time in Furth, Falk moved to Westphalia, where he was accused of witchcraft and sentenced to death. He escaped and settled in London...

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Sir (Harold) Montague Finniston (1912–1991) by Godfrey Argent Studios Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Finniston, Sir (Harold) Montague [Monty] (1912–1991), metallurgist and businessman, was born at 26 Aikenhead Road, Govanhill, Glasgow, on 15 August 1912, the eldest child in the family of two sons and three daughters of Robert Finniston and his wife, Esther, née Diamond. Both parents were Russian-Jewish immigrants; the original family name was ...

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Fox, Sir John Jacob [formerly Jacob] (1874–1944), analytical chemist, was born on 12 April 1874 at 6 Samuel Street, Spitalfields, London, the eldest of the five sons and one daughter of Marks Fox, furrier of London, and his wife, Hannah Jacobs. He was born ...

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Rosalind Elsie Franklin (1920–1958) by Elliott & Fry, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Franklin, Rosalind Elsie (1920–1958), crystallographer, was born at Chepstow Villas, Notting Hill, London, on 25 July 1920, the elder daughter and second of the family of five children of Ellis Arthur Franklin (1894–1964), merchant banker of London, and his wife, Muriel Frances Waley (1894–1976)...

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Sir Ian Morris Heilbron (1886–1959) by Howard Coster, 1940s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Heilbron, Sir Ian Morris [formerly Isidor Morris] (1886–1959), chemist, was born on 6 November 1886 in Glasgow, the younger son of David Heilbron, wine merchant, and his wife, Fanny Jessel. Originally named Isidor, he eventually adopted the name of Ian, by which he had been known for many years. He was educated at ...

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Lappert, Michael Franz (1928–2014), inorganic chemist, was born on 31 December 1928 in Brno, Czechoslovakia, the younger son of Julius Lappert (1895–1943) and his wife, Kornelie (Nelly), née Beran (1897–1943), whose father, Samuel, and uncle Alois had expanded the successful textile business founded by their father, ...

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Levinstein, Ivan (1845–1916), chemical manufacturer, was born on 4 July 1845 in Charlottenberg, Berlin, the eighth of seventeen children, eight boys and nine girls, of Levin Jacob Levinstein (1803–1865), and his wife, Bertha Liebermann. Levinstein senior was variously owner of a calico printing factory, political correspondent, and agent of the German branch of the ...

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Raphael Meldola (1849–1915) by Solomon Joseph Solomon © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

K. R. Webb

Reviser Anthony S. Travis

Meldola, Raphael (1849–1915), chemist, was born on 19 July 1849 in Islington, London, the only son of Samuel Meldola, printer, and grandson of Raphael Meldola, formerly chief rabbi to the London Sephardi community. He was educated at private schools in Kew and Maida Vale...

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Mond family (per. 1867–1973), chemical manufacturers and industrialists, came to prominence with the life and career of Ludwig Mond, chemical technologist, manufacturer, and collector of works of art. He was the first of a notable dynasty of science-based businessmen, some of whom are better known under the name of ...

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See Mond family

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Orgel, Leslie Eleazer (1927–2007), theoretical chemist and molecular biologist, was born on 12 January 1927 at 17 St Kildas Road, Stoke Newington, London, the son of Simon Orgel, a boot and shoe-lace dealer, and his wife, Deborah, née Grivisch. He was educated at the ...

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Praagh, Gordon Van (1909–2003), chemist and educationist, was born on 13 March 1909, at 3 Honeybourne Road, Hampstead, London, the eldest son of Harold John Van Praagh (1877–1946), a medical practitioner, and his Scottish wife, Ethel Louise, née Shanks. On his father's side he was of Dutch-Jewish descent; his grandfather ...

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Raphael, Ralph Alexander (1921–1998), organic chemist, was born on 1 January 1921 in Croydon, Surrey, the only son and eldest of four children of Jacob (Jack) Raphael (1889–1978), a master tailor, and his wife, Lily, née Woolf (1892–1956). His father, whose family moved to ...