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Berkeley [formerly Bergtheil; née Dunington], Edith (1875–1963), marine biologist, was born on 1 September 1875 in Tulbagh, Cape of Good Hope, the older daughter of Alfred Dunington, civil engineer, and his wife, Martha Treglohan (c.1837–c.1927). Having spent her early childhood abroad, and having had private tutors in the ...

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Beverton, Raymond John Heaphy (1922–1995), biologist and scientific administrator, was born Raymond John Heaphy Bareham on 29 August 1922 at 5 Forest Glade, Leytonstone, east London, the only child of Edgar John Bareham (1882–1968), commercial artist, and his wife, Dorothy Sybil Mary Heaphy (1891–1982)...

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William Benjamin Carpenter (1813–1885) by Maull & Polyblank, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carpenter, William Benjamin (1813–1885), biologist and university administrator, was born in Exeter on 29 October 1813, the fourth child and eldest son of Dr Lant Carpenter (1780–1840) and his wife, Anna (d. 1856), daughter of James Penn, of Kidderminster. He was the brother of ...

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Dallinger, William Henry (1842–1909), Wesleyan Methodist minister and biologist, was born in Devonport on 5 July 1842, the son of Joseph Stephen Dallinger, artist, etcher, and engraver. He was educated privately and showed an early inclination towards natural history. His religious instinct led him to qualify for the Wesleyan ministry in 1861. After serving Wesleyan churches in ...

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Michael Swann

Reviser V. M. Quirke

Danielli, James Frederic (1911–1984), biologist, was born at 36 Swinderby Road, Alperton, near Wembley, London, on 13 November 1911, the only son and the elder child of James Frederic Danielli, civil servant, and his wife, Helena Mary Hollins. He was educated at Wembley county school...

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Charles Robert Darwin (1809–1882) by John Collier, 1881 by permission of the Linnean Society of London

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Darwin, Charles Robert (1809–1882), naturalist, geologist, and originator of the theory of natural selection, was born on 12 February 1809 at The Mount, Shrewsbury, the fifth child and second son of Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848), Shrewsbury's principal physician, and Susannah Wedgwood (1765–1817). His sisters were ...

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Fish, Sir Hugh (1923–1999), environmental chemist and water manager, was born on 6 January 1923 in Woodlesford, Yorkshire, the second son and second of the four children of Leonard Mark Fish (d. 1963), a naval seaman and Post Office employee, and his wife, ...

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Fowden, Sir Leslie (1925–2008), plant biochemist, was born on 13 October 1925 at Birch Hill House, Wardle, Rochdale, Lancashire, the only child of Herbert Fowden (1878–1960), an iron turner at Turner Brothers, ironfounders, and his wife, Amy Dorothy (1891–1960), a cotton minder and daughter of ...

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Gray, Louis Harold (1905–1965), physicist and radiobiologist, was born in London on 10 November 1905, the only child of Harry Gray, civil servant, of Barnes, Surrey, and his wife, Amy Bowen. He was educated at Latymer School and then as a scholar at ...

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Hart, Thomas John (1907–1970), marine biologist, was born on 17 September 1907 at Cintra Lodge, Little Shelford, near Cambridge, the eldest of the four sons of John Henry Arthur Hart (1876–1952), theological lecturer and librarian of St John's College, Cambridge, and later a clergyman, and his wife, ...

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Hogben, Lancelot Thomas (1895–1975), biologist, was born in Southsea, Hampshire, on 9 December 1895, the eldest of three surviving sons of Thomas Hogben and Margaret Alice Prescott. He had three elder sisters (an elder brother died in infancy). His father was a dry-salter and a Methodist who devoted himself to evangelism. His mother was the daughter of a successful building contractor in ...

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Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–1895), biologist and science educationist, was born on 4 May 1825 in Ealing, the youngest of the six surviving children of George Huxley (1780–1853) and Rachel Withers (1785–1852); an elder sister and younger brother died in infancy. His mother was born in ...

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Thomas Henry Huxley (1825–1895) by John Collier, 1883 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Kent, William Saville- (1845–1908), marine biologist, was born William Savill Kent on 10 July 1845 at Cliff Cottage, Sidmouth, Devon, the youngest of ten children of Samuel Savill Kent (1801–1872), sub-inspector of factories, and his first wife, Mary Ann (1809–1852), daughter of Thomas Windus FSA...

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Loutit, John Freeman (1910–1992), radiobiologist and haematologist, was born on 19 February 1910 at 16 Almondbury Road, Mount Lawley, Perth, Western Australia, the only child of John Freeman Loutit (1868–1950), a mechanical and locomotive engineer, and his wife, Margaret Gould, née Broadfoot (1878–1971)...

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Lowndes, Ashley Gordon (1885–1956), biologist and schoolteacher, was born at Cainscross Villa, Cainscross, Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, on 9 October 1885, the third son in the family of three sons and two daughters of Robert Baxter Lowndes, solicitor, and his wife, Marian, née Whitaker. Privately educated, he moved to ...

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Macdonald, Sir John Denis (1826–1908), naval medical officer and biologist, born at Cork on 26 October 1826, was the youngest son of James Macdonald, an artist, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Denis McCarthy of Kilcoleman, co. Cork. His father was the representative of the ...

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Merrifield [née Watkins], Mary Philadelphia (1804–1889), writer on art and algologist, was born on 15 April 1804 in Brompton, London, the daughter of a conveyancing barrister, Sir Charles Watkins. In 1827 she married John Merrifield of Tavistock (1788/9–1877), who was called to the ...