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Peter Medawar

Reviser L. Wolpert

Abercrombie, Michael (1912–1979), biologist, was born at The Gallows, Ryton, Dymock, Gloucestershire, on 14 August 1912, the third son in the family of three sons and a daughter of Lascelles Abercrombie (1881–1938), poet and critic, and his wife, Catherine (1881–1968), daughter of Owen Gwatkin...

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Arnott, Struther (1934–2013), molecular biologist and university principal, was born at 39 Burnhead Road, Larkhall, Lanarkshire, on 25 September 1934, the son of Charles McCann, a farmer, and Christina Struthers Arnott (1900–1965), an honours graduate in chemistry and mathematics who later became a schoolteacher. He was educated at ...

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Bateson, William (1861–1926), biologist, was born on 8 August 1861 in St Hilda's Terrace, Ruswarp, near Whitby, Yorkshire, the second of six children of William Henry Bateson (1812–1881), master of St John's College, Cambridge, and his wife, Anna Aikin (1829–1918), daughter of James Aikin (1792–1878)...

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William Bateson (1861–1926) by Vernon Henry Mottram, 1909 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Berkeley [formerly Bergtheil; née Dunington], Edith (1875–1963), marine biologist, was born on 1 September 1875 in Tulbagh, Cape of Good Hope, the older daughter of Alfred Dunington, civil engineer, and his wife, Martha Treglohan (c.1837–c.1927). Having spent her early childhood abroad, and having had private tutors in the ...

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Beverton, Raymond John Heaphy (1922–1995), biologist and scientific administrator, was born Raymond John Heaphy Bareham on 29 August 1922 at 5 Forest Glade, Leytonstone, east London, the only child of Edgar John Bareham (1882–1968), commercial artist, and his wife, Dorothy Sybil Mary Heaphy (1891–1982)...

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Bidder, George Parker (1863–1953), marine biologist, was born on 21 May 1863 in Kensington, London, the elder son of George Parker Bidder QC (1836–1896), of Lincoln's Inn, amateur astronomer and cryptographer, and his wife, Anna, second daughter of John Robinson McClean, civil engineer and MP. ...

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Bose, Sir Jagadish Chandra [Jagadis Chunder] (1858–1937), physicist and biologist, was born in the district of Vikrampur, close to Dacca, Bengal, India, on 30 November 1858, the son of Bhagaban Chandra Bose, deputy magistrate of neighbouring Faridpur, and his wife, Bamasundari. Though a Hindu, his father was one of the early members of the Western-influenced Hindu reform movement known as Brahmoism, along with his more traditionally Hindu wife....

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Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858–1937) by unknown photographer, 1930 © Classic Image / Alamy

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Bradshaw, Anthony David [Tony] (1926–2008), evolutionary biologist and restoration ecologist, was born at 214 Kew Road, Richmond, Surrey, on 17 January 1926, the youngest of three sons of Harold Chalton Bradshaw (1893–1943), architect, and his wife, Mary Norah Lupton, née Taylor (1890–1967), archaeologist. At the time of his birth registration his family lived at ...

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William Benjamin Carpenter (1813–1885) by Maull & Polyblank, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Carpenter, William Benjamin (1813–1885), biologist and university administrator, was born in Exeter on 29 October 1813, the fourth child and eldest son of Dr Lant Carpenter (1780–1840) and his wife, Anna (d. 1856), daughter of James Penn, of Kidderminster. He was the brother of ...

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Casselton [née Smith], Lorna Ann (1938–2014), fungal geneticist, was born on 18 July 1938 at Southend Municipal Hospital, Rochford, Essex, the daughter of William Charles Henry Smith and his wife Cecille, née Bowman. At the time of her birth her parents lived at ...

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Dallinger, William Henry (1842–1909), Wesleyan Methodist minister and biologist, was born in Devonport on 5 July 1842, the son of Joseph Stephen Dallinger, artist, etcher, and engraver. He was educated privately and showed an early inclination towards natural history. His religious instinct led him to qualify for the Wesleyan ministry in 1861. After serving Wesleyan churches in ...

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Michael Swann

Reviser V. M. Quirke

Danielli, James Frederic (1911–1984), biologist, was born at 36 Swinderby Road, Alperton, near Wembley, London, on 13 November 1911, the only son and the elder child of James Frederic Danielli, civil servant, and his wife, Helena Mary Hollins. He was educated at Wembley county school...

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Kenneth Mellanby

Reviser V. M. Quirke

Darling, Sir Frank Moss Fraser (1903–1979), ecologist, was born Frank Moss Darling, on 23 June 1903 at 3 Soresby Street, Chesterfield, Derbyshire, the son of Harriet Ellse Cowley Darling. No father's name was entered on his birth certificate. However, on his first and third marriage certificates ...

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Darlington, Cyril Dean (1903–1981), cytogeneticist and evolutionist, was born on 19 December 1903 in Chorley, Lancashire, the younger son (there were no daughters) of William Henry Robertson Darlington (1866–1943), a schoolmaster, and his wife, Ellen Frankland (b. 1874). He attended Heathside elementary school...

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Charles Robert Darwin (1809–1882) by John Collier, 1881 by permission of the Linnean Society of London

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Darwin, Charles Robert (1809–1882), naturalist, geologist, and originator of the theory of natural selection, was born on 12 February 1809 at The Mount, Shrewsbury, the fifth child and second son of Robert Waring Darwin (1766–1848), Shrewsbury's principal physician, and Susannah Wedgwood (1765–1817). His sisters were ...

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Denton, Sir Eric James (1923–2007), marine biologist and physiologist, was born on 30 September 1923 at 53 Denby Street, Bentley, Yorkshire, the only child of George Denton, a fitter at a colliery, later a grocer, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Ogden, who ran a dress shop. He won a scholarship to ...