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Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus, first baronet (1827–1902), chemist and explosives expert, was born on 17 July 1827 at Woolwich, the eldest son of Johann Leopold Abel (1795–1871), a music master in Kennington, and his wife, Louisa (d. 1864), daughter of Martin Hopkins...

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Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, first baronet (1827–1902) by Frank Bramley, 1900 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Babbage, Charles

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Sir Francis Beaufort (1774–1857) by Stephen Pearce, 1855–6 © National Maritime Museum, London, Greenwich Hospital Collection

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Beaufort, Sir Francis (1774–1857), naval officer and hydrographer, was born on 27 May 1774 at Flower Hill, Navan, co. Meath, the second son of the Revd Daniel Augustus Beaufort (1739–1821), rector of Navan, a topographer and architect of some distinction, and his wife, ...

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Beckett, Allan Harry (1914–2005), engineer, was born on 4 March 1914 at 294 Central Park Road, East Ham, London, the son of George William Harry Beckett, accounting clerk, and his wife, Emma Louise, née Stokes. He was originally given the first name Basil...

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[Anon.]

Reviser Alastair W. Massie

Bell, John (1746/7–1798), army officer and inventor, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's, Carlisle, the eldest son of William Bell, hatter, of Botchergate, Carlisle. He was baptized at St Cuthbert's Church on 22 February 1747. After working in the family business, ...

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Bentham, Samuel (1757–1831), naval architect and inventor, was born in London on 11 January 1757, the youngest of the seven children of Jeremiah Bentham (1712–1792), an attorney, and his wife, Alicia Woodward Whitehorne (d. 1759), the eldest daughter of Thomas Grove, an ...

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Samuel Bentham (1757–1831) by Henry Edridge, c. 1795–1800 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bishop, Richard Evelyn Donohue [Dick] (1925–1989), mechanical engineer and naval architect, was born on 1 January 1925 in Lewisham, London, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Norman Richard Bishop, chief accountant and director of Tar Residuals Ltd, and his wife, Dorothy Mary Wood...

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Brady, Sir Antonio (1811–1881), Admiralty official, naturalist, and social reformer, was born at Deptford, London, on 10 November 1811, the eldest son of Anthony Brady of the Deptford victualling yard, then storekeeper at the Royal William victualling yard, Plymouth, and his wife (whom he married on 20 December 1810), ...

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Brierly, Sir Oswald Walters (1817–1894), marine painter and naval engineer, was born at Chester on 19 May 1817, the son of Dr Thomas Brierly (d. in or before 1872), a physician and amateur artist. After schooling in Chester, he became a pupil at ...

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Sir Oswald Walters Brierly (1817–1894) by unknown engraver, pubd 1887 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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R. H. Vetch

Reviser James Lunt

By, John (1779–1836), army officer and engineer, was born in 1779, probably on 7 August, in Lambeth, second son of George By and his wife, Mary, née Bryan. After passing through the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, he was commissioned second lieutenant in the ...

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Cardew, Philip (1851–1910), army officer and electrical engineer, was born on 24 September 1851 at Oakshade, near Leatherhead, Surrey, the eldest son in a family of four sons and four daughters of Captain Christopher Baldock Cardew, 74th highlanders, of East Hill, Liss (son of ...

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William Cavendish, first duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (bap. 1593, d. 1676) by Abraham van Diepenbeck [with Bolsover Castle in the background] © Copyright The British Museum

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Cavendish, William, first duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (bap. 1593, d. 1676), writer, patron, and royalist army officer, was born at Handsworth Manor, Yorkshire, and was baptized in the parish on 16 December 1593. He was the second of three children, the first having died in infancy, of ...

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Colepeper, Thomas (1637–1708), soldier and engineer, was born on Christmas day 1637 in Kent, possibly in either Dover or Hackington, the son of Sir Thomas Colepeper (1598–1643), governor of Dover Castle, and his wife, Barbara (1599–1643), daughter of Robert Sidney, first earl of Leicester...

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Collett, Sir Henry (1836–1901), army officer in the East India Company and botanist, was born on 6 March 1836 at Thetford, Norfolk, the fourth son of the Revd William Collett (1796–1865), perpetual curate of St Mary's, Thetford, and his second wife, Ellen Clarke...

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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (1803–1899) by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London