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Barton, John (1789–1852), political economist and botanist, was born on 11 June 1789 in Southwark, London, the son of John Barton (1755–1789) and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Horne (1760–1833). He was the half-brother of Maria Hack, children's writer, and Bernard Barton, poet. The elder ...

Article

Jennett Humphreys

revised by Anita McConnell

Chapman, John (1801–1854), engineer and political economist, was born at Loughborough, Leicestershire, on 20 January 1801, the eldest of the three surviving sons of John Chapman, clockmaker of that town. He received his education first at a school kept by Mr Mowbray, and then under the ...

Article

Devons, Ely (1913–1967), statistician and economist, was born in Bangor, north Wales, on 29 July 1913, the second eldest in a family of three boys and three girls of David Isaac Devons, a Jewish minister from Vilna who had arrived in Britain in 1902 on a Russian passport at the age of twenty-one, and his wife, ...

Article

Edgeworth, Francis Ysidro (1845–1926), economist and statistician, was born on 8 February 1845 at Edgeworthstown in co. Longford, the fifth and last son of Francis Beaufort Edgeworth (1809–1846), and his wife, Rosa Florentina (1815–1864), daughter of General Antonio Eroles, an exile from the absolutist ...

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Francis Ysidro Edgeworth (1845–1926) by Walter Stoneman, 1917 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Flux, Sir Alfred William (1867–1942), economist, statistician, and civil servant, was born in Portsmouth on 8 April 1867, the only son of John Flux, a journeyman cement maker, and his wife, Emily, daughter of Alfred Prince, dairy farmer, of Newport, Isle of Wight...

Article

Giffen, Sir Robert (1837–1910), economist and statistician, born on 22 July 1837 at Strathaven, Lanarkshire, was the younger son of Robert Giffen, a village grocer and an elder of the Presbyterian church, and his wife, Janet Wiseman. Giffen was educated at the village school. He read all the books he could find and, with his elder brother, ...

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Sir Robert Giffen (1837–1910) by Sydney Prior Hall, pubd 1897 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

R. E. Anderson

revised by Anita McConnell

Hamilton, Robert (1743–1829), political economist and mathematician, was born in Edinburgh on 11 June 1743, the eighth son of Gavin Hamilton (1704–1767), bookseller and publisher, and his wife, Helen Balfour. His grandfather Dr William Hamilton (1669–1732) had been professor of divinity and principal in ...

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William Stanley Jevons (1835–1882) by Maull & Co., 1870s © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Jevons, William Stanley (1835–1882), economist and philosopher of science, was born on 1 September 1835 at 14 Alfred Street, Liverpool, the ninth of the eleven children (of whom only six survived beyond infancy) of Thomas Jevons (1791–1855), iron merchant and inventor, and his wife, ...

Article

Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Isaac, and his elder brother were both merchants. Leone received a practical, commercial education and began working for his brother at the age of fifteen. He travelled to ...

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Leone Levi (1821–1888) by Elliott & Fry, 1873 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Marcet, Jane Haldimand (1769–1858), writer on science and political economy, was born in London, one of twelve children and only surviving daughter of the Swiss merchant and banker Anthony Francis Haldimand (1740/41–1817) and his wife, Jane (d. 1785). She was baptized on 23 June 1769. The ...

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Jane Haldimand Marcet (1769–1858) by unknown engraver Edgar Fahs Smith Collection, University of Pennsylvania Library

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Newmarch, William (1820–1882), economic statistician, was born at Thirsk, Yorkshire, on 28 January 1820 and left school at an early age to take a clerical post with a distributor of stamps. At a time when an able, industrious clerk could aspire to managerial status in the financial world, young ...

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Nichol, John Pringle (1804–1859), astronomer and political economist, was the eldest of seven children of John Nichol, a farmer from Northumberland, and Jane Forbes of Ellon, Aberdeenshire. Born on 13 January 1804 at Huntlyhill, Forfarshire, 4 miles north-east of Brechin, he was educated at ...

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Ormerod, Eleanor Anne (1828–1901), economic entomologist, was born on 11 May 1828 at Sedbury Park, Gloucestershire, the youngest of the ten children of George Ormerod (1785–1873), historian and antiquary, and his wife, Sarah (1784–1860), eldest daughter of John Latham (1761–1843), a president of the ...

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Eleanor Anne Ormerod (1828–1901) by Elliott & Fry, c. 1900 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Playfair, William (1759–1823), inventor of statistical graphs and writer on political economy, was born on 22 September 1759 at the manse, Liff, near Dundee, the fifth of eight children of the Revd James Playfair (1712–1772), of the parish of Liff and Benvie, and ...