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Brus [Bruce], Robert de [called Robert the Noble], lord of Annandale (c. 1220–1295), magnate and claimant to the Scottish throne, was a minor at the death of his father, Robert (IV) de Brus (c. 1195–1226x33) [see under Brus, Robert (II) de...

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Comyn, Sir John [called Sir John Comyn the Competitor, Red Comyn], lord of Badenoch (d. c. 1302), magnate and claimant to the Scottish throne, was the eldest son of John Comyn (d. c. 1277) and his first wife, Eva. Between about 1270 and 1275, he married ...

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David, earl of Huntingdon and lord of Garioch (1152–1219), magnate, was the youngest in the family of three sons and three daughters of Prince Henry of Scotland (c. 1115–1152) and his wife, Ada de Warenne (c. 1123–1178). His grandfather David I, in whose honour he was named, and his elder brothers, ...

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See Dunbar, Patrick, eighth earl of Dunbar or of March, and earl of Moray

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Erskine, John, seventeenth or first earl of Mar (d. 1572), magnate and regent of Scotland, was the third born but eldest surviving son of John, fifth Lord Erskine (d. 1555) and his wife, Margaret Campbell, daughter of the second earl of Argyll...

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James Hepburn, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/55–1578) by unknown artist, 1566 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hepburn, James, fourth earl of Bothwell and duke of Orkney (1534/5–1578), magnate and third consort of Mary, queen of Scots, was the only son of Patrick Hepburn, third earl of Bothwell (d. 1556), and his wife, Agnes Sinclair (d. in or after 1572)...

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Stewart, Alexander [called the Wolf of Badenoch], first earl of Buchan (c. 1345–1405), magnate, was the fourth son of Robert Stewart, subsequently King Robert II (1316–1390), and the youngest of his first marriage, to Elizabeth Mure. As his nickname indicates, Alexander's power base was the lordship of ...

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Stewart, Alexander, duke of Albany (1454?–1485), magnate and rebel, was the second son of James II, king of Scots (1430–1460), and Mary of Gueldres (d. 1463). The exact date of his birth is unknown, but 1454 seems likely. Between 18 July 1455 and 3 July 1458 ...

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Stewart, David, first earl of Strathearn and first earl of Caithness (b. in or after 1357?, d. 1386?), magnate, was the elder son of Robert II (1316–1390), son of Walter Stewart [see under Stewart family (per. c. 1110-c. 1350)], and his second wife, ...

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Stewart, John, third earl of Buchan (c. 1380–1424), magnate and soldier, was the second son of Robert Stewart, first duke of Albany (c. 1340–1420), and the eldest son of Albany's second marriage, to Muriella, daughter of Sir William Keith (d. in or after 1407)...

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Stewart [Stuart], John, second duke of Albany (c. 1482–1536), soldier and magnate, was born in Auvergne, France, the only son of Alexander Stewart, duke of Albany (1454?–1485), younger brother of James III, king of Scots, and his second wife, Anne de la Tour (...

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John Stewart, second duke of Albany (c. 1482–1536) by Jean Clouet, c. 1525–30 Musée Condé, Chantilly, France / Bridgeman Art Library

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Stewart, Matthew, thirteenth or fourth earl of Lennox (1516–1571), magnate and regent of Scotland, was born in Dumbarton Castle on 21 September 1516, the eldest surviving son of John Stewart, twelfth or third earl of Lennox (d. 1526), and his wife, Elizabeth (...

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Matthew Stewart, thirteenth or fourth earl of Lennox (1516–1571) by Livinus de Vogelaare, 1567–8 [kneeling, third from right, in The Memorial of Lord Darnley] The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Stewart, Murdoch [Murdac], second duke of Albany (c. 1362–1425), magnate, was the eldest son of Robert Stewart, first duke of Albany (d. 1420), son of Robert II (1316–1390), and only son of Albany's first marriage, to Margaret Graham, countess of Menteith (d...

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Stewart, Robert, first earl of Orkney (1533–1593), magnate, was born in the spring of 1533, the third or fourth of the seven known illegitimate sons of James V, king of Scots (1512–1542). His mother was Euphemia Elphinstone (b. 1509, d. after 1564)...

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Stewart, Walter, earl of Atholl, first earl of Caithness, and earl of Strathearn (early 1360s–1437), magnate, was the youngest legitimate son of Robert II (1316–1390), king of Scots, and second son of his second marriage, to Euphemia Ross [see Euphemia (b. in or before 1329?, d. 1388/)...

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Vescy, William de, Lord Vescy (1245–1297), baron, was born on 19 September 1245, the second son of William de Vescy (d. 1253), lord of Alnwick, Northumberland, and of Agnes, the daughter of William de Ferrers and his wife, Sybil, one of the daughters of ...