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See Abberbury family

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Æthelwine [Ethelwine, Æthelwine Dei Amicus] (d. 992), magnate and founder of Ramsey Abbey, Huntingdonshire, was the fourth and youngest son of Æthelstan, known as the Half-King (932–956), and his wife, Ælfwyn (d. 986). He was a few years older than the atheling ...

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Avranches, Hugh d', first earl of Chester (d. 1101), magnate and founder of Chester Abbey, was the son of Richard Goz, vicomte d'Avranches and seigneur de St Sever, and an unknown mother formerly identified on the basis of unsatisfactory evidence as Emma, supposedly a half-sister of ...

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Barnewall, Robert, styled twelfth Baron Trimleston (c. 1704–1779), landowner and Roman Catholic activist, was the eldest son of John Barnewall, styled eleventh Baron Trimleston (1672–1746), and his wife, Mary, or Margaret (d. 1771), daughter and heir of Sir John Barnewall. Descended from an Anglo-Norman family whose estates in the counties of ...

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Bertie, Richard (1517–1582), landowner and religious evangelical, was the eldest son of Thomas Bertie (d. 1555), of Bearsted, Kent, and his wife, a member of the Say family of Shropshire. In February 1534 he was admitted to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, aged sixteen. Having graduated BA in 1537, he became a probationary fellow of ...

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Martha Blount (1690–1763) by Charles Jervas, 1716 [Blount sisters [left to right]: and Teresa Blount (1688–1759)] reproduced by permission of the Mapledurham Trust. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Blount, Martha (1690–1763), Roman Catholic gentlewoman, was born on 15 June 1690 at the family estate of Mapledurham, Berkshire, the third child (but second eldest surviving) of six born to Lister Blount (1654–1710) and his wife, Martha (d. 1743), daughter of Anthony Englefield...

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Bolebec, Isabel de, countess of Oxford (c. 1164–1245), magnate and monastic patron, was the eldest daughter of Hugh de Bolebec (d. c.1165), lord of Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire, and a patron of the order of Friars Preacher in England. She appears first in the records as the widow of ...

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Browne, Thomas, fourth Viscount Kenmare (1726–1795), landowner and politician, was born in April 1726, probably at Killarney, co. Kerry, the second of four children of Valentine Browne, third Viscount Kenmare (1695–1736), landowner, and his first wife, Honoria Butler (d. 1730), daughter of ...

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Campbell, Archibald, fifth earl of Argyll (1538–1573), magnate and protestant reformer, was the eldest son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his first wife, Lady Helen Hamilton (d. in or before 1541), daughter of the first earl of Arran...

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Carleton, George (1529–1590), landowner and puritan, was the second son of John Carleton of Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, and Brightwell Baldwin, Oxfordshire, and his wife, Joyce, daughter of John Welbeck of Oxenheath, Kent. His maternal grandmother was Margaret Culpepper, an aunt of Queen Katherine Howard...

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J. H. Round

revised by C. Warren Hollister

Clare, Walter de (d. 1137/8?), baron and founder of Tintern Abbey, was known to contemporaries as Walter fitz Richard. He was a non-inheriting younger son of Richard de Clare (1030x35–1087x90), lord of Orbec and Bienfaite in Normandy and Domesday lord of Clare and ...

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Copley, Thomas (1532–1584), landowner and Roman Catholic exile, was born between February and May 1532, eldest son of Sir Roger Copley (d. 1549), landowner and member of the Mercers' Company, and his second wife, Elizabeth (d. 1559/60), daughter of Sir William Shelley...

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Ela, suo jure countess of Salisbury (b. in or after 1190, d. 1261), magnate and abbess, was the daughter of William, earl of Salisbury, and his wife, Eleanor de Vitré. Her father died in 1196, leaving her as his heir, and Richard I...

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Erskine, John, of Dun (1509–1590), landowner and religious activist, was born in the House of Dun, between Montrose and Brechin, the elder son of John Erskine of Dun (d. 1513), and of Margaret Ruthven (d. 1548), widow of Alexander Stewart, first earl of Buchan...

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Estaugh [née Haddon], Elizabeth (1680–1762), Quaker leader and colonial landowner, was born on 5 July 1680 in Bermondsey, Surrey, the second daughter and third child of John Haddon (1654–1724) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Clarke (1651?–1724). John Haddon was a convinced Quaker and twice had been fined for voicing his religious views. Like other Quakers he was persuaded by ...

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Edwin Cannan

revised by Adam Jacob Levin

Fothergill, Anthony (1685/6–1761), landowner and theological writer, was baptized on 9 December 1686 at Ravenstone, Westmorland, the youngest son of Thomas Fothergill of Brownber, Ravenstonedale, farmer. Like his forefathers and descendants for many generations, he owned the estate of Brownber and lived and died there. Though he is said to have had no '...

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Geoffrey (d. 1093), bishop of Coutances and magnate, belonged to the energetic and warlike baronage of western Normandy who did so much to restore the Norman church after the viking raids and civil wars of the tenth and early eleventh centuries, and were among the most prominent counsellors and supporters of ...

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Gordon, William, of Earlston (1614–1679), landowner and covenanter, born in Dalry, Kirkcudbrightshire, was the second son of Alexander Gordon of Earlston (1587–1654), justice of the peace, and Elizabeth (d. in or after 1653), daughter of John Gordon of Pennynghame. Little is known regarding his education, though he is said to have studied for the ministry and to have graduated MA. On 26 October 1648 he married ...

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Philip Howard [St Philip Howard], thirteenth earl of Arundel (1557–1595) by unknown artist reproduced by kind permission of His Grace the Duke of Norfolk. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London