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George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore (1579/8080–1632) by Daniel Mytens, 1627 © reserved

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Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America, was born in Kiplin in Catterick parish, Yorkshire, the son of Leonard Calvert (b. c.1550) and Alica Crosland (d. early 1580s). He was descended from a Roman Catholic family that had been in ...

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Cecil, William, sixteenth Baron Ros (1590–1618), courtier and ambassador, was born in May 1590 and baptized the following month, on 4 June, at Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire. He was the eldest son of William Cecil (1566–1640), Lord Burghley from 1605 until he succeeded as ...

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Dicconson, William (1654/5–1742), Jacobite courtier and biographer, eldest son of Hugh Dicconson (c.1621–1691) of Wrightington Hall near Wigan, and his wife, Agnes (d. 1719), third daughter of Roger Kirkby of Kirkby, came from a Lancashire Roman Catholic gentry family, which occasionally (as in the 1660s) conformed outwardly. He had three brothers (including the Catholic bishop ...

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Hay, John, of Cromlix, Jacobite duke of Inverness (1691–1740), Jacobite courtier and army officer, was the third son of Thomas Hay, seventh earl of Kinnoull (c.1660–1719), and Elizabeth (1669–1696), only daughter of William Drummond, first viscount of Strathallan. George Hay, eighth earl of Kinnoull...

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Herbert, William, styled first marquess of Powis and Jacobite first duke of Powis (c. 1626–1696), Jacobite courtier, was the only son and heir of Percy Herbert, second Baron Powis (1598–1667), and his wife, Elizabeth (bap. 1600, d. 1662), daughter of Sir William Craven (c. 1545–1618)...

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Higgons, Thomas [Jacobite Sir Thomas Higgons] (1668/9–1733), Jacobite court official, was the second of the three sons of Sir Thomas Higgons (1623/4–1691), diplomat and MP, and his second wife, Bridget (d. 1692), daughter of Sir Bevil Granville. He was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford...

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Bernard Marmaduke Fitzalan- Howard, sixteenth duke of Norfolk (1908–1975) by Elliott & Fry, 1952 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Howard, Bernard Marmaduke Fitzalan-, sixteenth duke of Norfolk (1908–1975), courtier, was born at Arundel Castle on 30 May 1908, the only son (there were also three daughters) of Henry Fitzalan-Howard, fifteenth duke of Norfolk (1847–1917), and his second wife, Gwendolen Mary Constable-Maxwell (1877–1945)...

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Howard, Henry Fitzalan-, fifteenth duke of Norfolk (1847–1917), courtier, born at Carlton House Terrace, London, on 27 December 1847, was the eldest son of Henry Granville Fitzalan-Howard, fourteenth duke (1815–1860), and his wife, Augusta (1821–1886), younger daughter of the first Baron Lyons. Edmund Bernard Fitzalan-Howard, ...

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Henry Howard, earl of Northampton (1540–1614) by Nicholas Stone, 1615 © Warburg Institute

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Howard, Henry, earl of Northampton (1540–1614), courtier, administrator, and author, was born on 24 February 1540 at Shottesham, Norfolk, the second son of Henry Howard, styled earl of Surrey (1516/17–1547), poet and courtier, and his wife, Lady Frances de Vere (1517–1577), daughter of ...

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Jerningham [Jernegan], Sir Henry (1509/10–1572), courtier and administrator, was the son of Edward Jernegan of Somerleyton, Suffolk, and his wife, Mary, the daughter of Richard Scrope. Both his parents served in Katherine of Aragon's household, and his mother's second marriage, to Sir William Kingston...

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Leighton, Sir Elisha [Ellis] (d. 1685), royalist courtier and government official, was the third son of the Scottish physician and presbyterian divine Alexander Leighton (c. 1570–1649), and younger brother of Robert Leighton (bap. 1612, d. 1684), bishop of Dunblane and archbishop of Glasgow...

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Winifred Maxwell, countess of Nithsdale (1672–1749) by Sir John Baptiste de Medina, before 1710 Traquair House Charitable Trust

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Maxwell [née Herbert], Winifred, countess of Nithsdale (1672–1749), Jacobite courtier, was the last of the six children of William Herbert, marquess and Jacobite duke of Powis (c. 1626–1696), and Lady Elizabeth Somerset (c.1634–1691), daughter of Edward, second marquess of Worcester...

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Nairne, David [Jacobite Sir David Nairne, first baronet] (1655–1740), Jacobite courtier, was born in August 1655 at Sandford, Fife, and baptized on 7 September 1655 at St Phillins Church in St Andrews. He was the second of the four sons of Thomas Nairne (...

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Nau de la Boissellière, Claude (fl. 1574–1605), administrator and courtier, was born in France, but precise details of his birth and parentage are not known. His family was originally from Touraine, but had settled in Paris. He was trained as a lawyer and gained a position as a secretary to ...

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Stewart, Francis, first earl of Bothwell (1562–1612), courtier and politician, was probably born in December 1562, the only legitimate son of John Stewart, Lord Darnley and commendator of Coldingham (c.1531–1563), son of James V, and Lady Janet Hepburn (c.1532–...

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Strickland [née Trentham], Winifred, Lady Strickland (1645–1725), Jacobite courtier, was born at Rocester Priory, Staffordshire, in May 1645 and baptized at Rocester on 19 May. She was the daughter of Sir Christopher Trentham (d. c.1649×51), of Rocester Priory, and Winifred...