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Capel, William, third earl of Essex (1697–1743), diplomatist and courtier, was the eldest son of Algernon Capel, second earl of Essex (1670–1710), and Lady Mary (d. 1726), the eldest daughter of William Bentinck, first earl of Portland. Nothing is known of his education, but in 1718 he was appointed gentleman of the bedchamber to the ...

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Cecil, William, sixteenth Baron Ros (1590–1618), courtier and ambassador, was born in May 1590 and baptized the following month, on 4 June, at Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire. He was the eldest son of William Cecil (1566–1640), Lord Burghley from 1605 until he succeeded as ...

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Cornwallis, Sir Charles (c. 1555–1629), courtier and diplomat, was the second son of Sir Thomas Cornwallis (1518/19–1604), and his wife, Anne (d. 1581), daughter of Sir John Jerningham or Jernegan of Somerleyton, Suffolk. Cornwallis's father was a noted Catholic who had taken part in the coup which gave ...

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Fleming, Sir Oliver (d. 1661), courtier and diplomat, was a younger son of Sir Thomas Fleming MP (c.1572–1624) of Haseley and North Stoneham, Hampshire, and Dorothy (bap. 1582), fifth daughter of Sir Oliver Cromwell of Hinchinbrooke, Huntingdonshire, and grandson of ...

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Goring, George, first earl of Norwich (1585–1663), courtier and diplomat, born on 28 April 1585, was the son of George Goring (d. 1602) of Danny, Sussex, and Anne, daughter of Henry Denny of Waltham Abbey, Essex, and sister of Edward Denny, earl of Norwich...

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James Hay, first earl of Carlisle (c. 1580–1636) by unknown artist, 1628 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hay, James, first earl of Carlisle (c. 1580–1636), courtier and diplomat, was the son of Sir James Hay (d. 1610) of Fingask, comptroller of Scotland in 1608, who lived in Pitscottie, Fife, and was descended from the earls of Erroll; his mother was probably ...

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Neville, Sir Henry (1561/2–1615), diplomat and courtier, was the son of Sir Henry Neville (d. 1593) of Billingbear, Berkshire, and his second wife, Elizabeth (d. 1573), daughter of Sir John Gresham. His father was, as the funerary monument erected in his honour by his son in the parish church at ...

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Norris, Henry, first Baron Norris (c. 1525–1601), courtier and diplomat, was the only son and second child of Henry Norris (b. before 1500, d. 1536) and Mary (d. in or before 1530), daughter of Thomas Fiennes, eighth Baron Dacre. His father was a gentleman of the privy chamber, groom of the stool and keeper of the privy purse, who in May 1536 was accused of adultery with ...

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Pickering, Sir William (1516/17–1575), courtier and diplomat, was, according to his father's inquisition post mortem, born in 1516 or 1517, the son and heir of Sir William Pickering (d. 1542) and Eleanor, daughter of William Fairfax of Bylands Park, Yorkshire. His father was knight marshal to ...

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Poyntz, Stephen (bap. 1685, d. 1750), diplomatist and courtier, was born in Cornhill, London, and baptized in November 1685, the second son of William Poyntz, an upholsterer, and his second wife, Jane, the daughter of Stephen Monteage, a merchant of London and Buckingham...

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Savile, Henry (1642–1687), courtier and diplomat, was born at Rufford Abbey in Nottinghamshire, the younger surviving son of Sir William Savile, baronet (d. 1644) [see under Savile (c. 1480–1644)], of Thornhill near Leeds, and Anne (d. 1662), daughter of Thomas Coventry, ...

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Stuart, Charles, sixth duke of Lennox and third duke of Richmond (1639–1672), courtier and ambassador, was born in London on 7 March 1639, the only son of George Stuart, seigneur d'Aubigny (1618–1642), and Lady Katherine Howard (d. 1650) [see Stuart, Katherine...