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Bernstorff, Andreas Gottlieb von, Baron Bernstorff in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1649–1726), politician and diplomat, was born on 2 March 1649 ns in Ratzeburg, then in the duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg, in northern Germany, the second son of Andreas von Bernstorff (1604–1655)...

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Boleyn, George, Viscount Rochford (c. 1504–1536), courtier and diplomat, was the only son of Thomas Boleyn, earl of Wiltshire (1476/7–1539), and Elizabeth Howard (d. 1538), eldest daughter of Thomas Howard, earl of Surrey and later second duke of Norfolk (1443–1524). He first appears in the public record participating in the Christmas revels of 1514, and he signalled his father's success when he became a royal page in 1516. His earliest recorded grants resulted from his father's service to the crown and his sister ...

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Bothmer, Hans Kaspar [Johann] von, Count Bothmer in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1656–1732), courtier and diplomat, was born on 10 April 1656 ns in Lauenbrück, in the Celle portion of the duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, northern Germany, the eldest son of ...

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Brandon, Sir Thomas (d. 1510), courtier and diplomat, was the third son of Sir William Brandon of Southwark (d. 1491) and his wife, Elizabeth Wingfield (d. 1497). With his eldest brother, William, who had been attainted for his part in the rebellion against ...

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Brugge, Lodewijk van [Louis de Bruges; Lodewijk van Gruuthuse], earl of Winchester (c. 1427–1492), courtier and diplomat, was the only son of Jan van Brugge and Margaretha van Steenhuyse. The name Gruuthuse, by which he is commonly known, refers to his family's property in and around ...

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Capel, William, third earl of Essex (1697–1743), diplomatist and courtier, was the eldest son of Algernon Capel, second earl of Essex (1670–1710), and Lady Mary (d. 1726), the eldest daughter of William Bentinck, first earl of Portland. Nothing is known of his education, but in 1718 he was appointed gentleman of the bedchamber to the ...

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Sir Nicholas Carew (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539) by unknown artist in the collection of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry KT

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Carew, Sir Nicholas (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539), diplomat and courtier, was the eldest son of Sir Richard Carew (d. 1520) of Beddington, Surrey, and Maline, daughter of Robert Oxenbridge (d. 1488) of Ford Place in Brede, Sussex. The main line of his ancient family had settled at ...

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Cecil, William, sixteenth Baron Ros (1590–1618), courtier and ambassador, was born in May 1590 and baptized the following month, on 4 June, at Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire. He was the eldest son of William Cecil (1566–1640), Lord Burghley from 1605 until he succeeded as ...

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Clarke, Edward (d. 1630), courtier and diplomat, appears in the state papers as Ned; his family origins and details of his early life are unknown. His career at court appears to have begun in the post of groom in the bedchamber of James VI and I...

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Cornwallis, Sir Charles (c. 1555–1629), courtier and diplomat, was the second son of Sir Thomas Cornwallis (1518/19–1604), and his wife, Anne (d. 1581), daughter of Sir John Jerningham or Jernegan of Somerleyton, Suffolk. Cornwallis's father was a noted Catholic who had taken part in the coup which gave ...

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Fleming, Sir Oliver (d. 1661), courtier and diplomat, was a younger son of Sir Thomas Fleming MP (c.1572–1624) of Haseley and North Stoneham, Hampshire, and Dorothy (bap. 1582), fifth daughter of Sir Oliver Cromwell of Hinchinbrooke, Huntingdonshire, and grandson of ...

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Goring, George, first earl of Norwich (1585–1663), courtier and diplomat, born on 28 April 1585, was the son of George Goring (d. 1602) of Danny, Sussex, and Anne, daughter of Henry Denny of Waltham Abbey, Essex, and sister of Edward Denny, earl of Norwich...

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James Hay, first earl of Carlisle (c. 1580–1636) by unknown artist, 1628 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hay, James, first earl of Carlisle (c. 1580–1636), courtier and diplomat, was the son of Sir James Hay (d. 1610) of Fingask, comptroller of Scotland in 1608, who lived in Pitscottie, Fife, and was descended from the earls of Erroll; his mother was probably ...

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William Maitland of Lethington (1525x3030–1573) by unknown artist in the collection of Thirlestane Castle Trust

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Maitland, William, of Lethington (1525x30–1573), courtier and diplomat, was the eldest son of Sir Richard Maitland of Lethington (1496–1586), courtier, judge, and writer, and Mary or Mariota Cranstoun (d. 1586), daughter of Sir Thomas Cranstoun of Corsbie. His younger brothers were John Maitland...

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Neville, Sir Henry (1561/2–1615), diplomat and courtier, was the son of Sir Henry Neville (d. 1593) of Billingbear, Berkshire, and his second wife, Elizabeth (d. 1573), daughter of Sir John Gresham. His father was, as the funerary monument erected in his honour by his son in the parish church at ...

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Norris, Henry, first Baron Norris (c. 1525–1601), courtier and diplomat, was the only son and second child of Henry Norris (b. before 1500, d. 1536) and Mary (d. in or before 1530), daughter of Thomas Fiennes, eighth Baron Dacre. His father was a gentleman of the privy chamber, groom of the stool and keeper of the privy purse, who in May 1536 was accused of adultery with ...

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Pickering, Sir William (1516/17–1575), courtier and diplomat, was, according to his father's inquisition post mortem, born in 1516 or 1517, the son and heir of Sir William Pickering (d. 1542) and Eleanor, daughter of William Fairfax of Bylands Park, Yorkshire. His father was knight marshal to ...