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Brereton, William (c. 1487x90–1536), courtier and administrator, was the sixth of the nine sons of Sir Randolph Brereton (d. 1530) of Malpas, chamberlain of the county palatine of Cheshire, and Eleanor, daughter of Piers Dutton of Halton. Sir Randolph's family must be distinguished from that of his distant relative ...

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Carey, Henry, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596), courtier and administrator, was born on 4 March 1526, the only son of William Carey (c. 1496–1528), courtier, of Aldenham, Hertfordshire, and his wife, Mary [see Stafford, Mary (c. 1499-1543)], royal mistress, daughter of Thomas Boleyn, ...

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Henry Carey, first Baron Hunsdon (1526–1596) attrib. Marcus Gheeraerts the younger, 1591 The Berkeley Castle Will Trust. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Cotton, Sir Richard (b. in or before 1497, d. 1556), courtier and administrator, was the third son of John Cotton, a Shropshire gentleman, and Cecily, daughter of Thomas Mainwaring of Ightfield, Shropshire. He began his career as an attorney in the sheriff's court in ...

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Crichton, William, of that ilk, first Lord Crichton (d. 1453), administrator and courtier, was the eldest son of Sir John Crichton of that ilk and his spouse, thought to have been Christian Grimslaw (who survived her husband). The family's principal seat was at ...

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Darcy, Thomas, first Baron Darcy of Chiche (1506–1558), courtier and administrator, was born on 4 December 1506, the only son of Roger Darcy (d. 1508) of Danbury, Essex, and Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Wentworth of Nettlestead, Suffolk. His father, who had been an esquire of the body to ...

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Despenser, Hugh, the elder, earl of Winchester (1261–1326), administrator and courtier, was the son of Sir Hugh Despenser, the justiciar who was killed at Evesham in 1265, and his wife, Alina, daughter of Philip Basset. Born on 1 March 1261, in May 1281 he was granted full administration of his father's forfeited lands, and in August received livery of his mother's lands, although he was not yet of age. In March 1282 he received the manor of ...

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Egerton, Sir Ralph (b. before 1476, d. 1528), courtier and administrator, was a younger son of Hugh Egerton of Wrinehill in Cheshire, who died in 1505, about eighty years old. His mother was possibly the Margaret Dutton whom Hugh married in 1446, but ...

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Grey, Henry, first Baron Grey of Groby (1547–1614), courtier and administrator, was the only surviving son of Lord John Grey (d. 1564) of Pirgo, Essex, and Mary, daughter of Anthony Browne, first Viscount Montagu of Cowdray, Sussex. He was probably educated at Christ Church, Oxford...

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Hamilton, James, first earl of Abercorn (1575–1618), courtier and administrator, was the eldest son of Claud Hamilton, first Lord Paisley (1546?–1621), and his wife, Margaret Seton (d. 1616), daughter of George, fifth Lord Seton. His links by blood and marriage to many of the most powerful nobles in ...

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Hastings, William, first Baron Hastings (c. 1430–1483), courtier and administrator, was the eldest son and heir of Sir Leonard Hastings of Kirby, Leicestershire, and Alice, daughter of Thomas, Lord Camoys.

William Hastings was aged twenty-four and more at his father's death in October 1455. ...

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George Home, earl of Dunbar (d. 1611) by unknown artist Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Home, George, earl of Dunbar (d. 1611), courtier and administrator, was the fourth son of Alexander Home of Manderston (d. 1593) and Janet Home (d. 1593), daughter of George Home of Spott. The date of his birth is uncertain. There were many divisions among the ...

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Henry Howard, earl of Northampton (1540–1614) by Nicholas Stone, 1615 © Warburg Institute

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Howard, Henry, earl of Northampton (1540–1614), courtier, administrator, and author, was born on 24 February 1540 at Shottesham, Norfolk, the second son of Henry Howard, styled earl of Surrey (1516/17–1547), poet and courtier, and his wife, Lady Frances de Vere (1517–1577), daughter of ...

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Jerningham [Jernegan], Sir Henry (1509/10–1572), courtier and administrator, was the son of Edward Jernegan of Somerleyton, Suffolk, and his wife, Mary, the daughter of Richard Scrope. Both his parents served in Katherine of Aragon's household, and his mother's second marriage, to Sir William Kingston...

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Kingston, Sir William (c. 1476–1540), courtier and administrator, is of uncertain origins, but was probably a member of a Gloucestershire family related to the barons Berkeley of Berkeley Castle; he also had some connection with the third duke of Buckingham. His marriages are uncertain as well: his first two wives (the order is unclear) were ...

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Livingston, Sir Alexander, of Callendar (b. c. 1375, d. in or before 1456), courtier and administrator, was the eldest of four sons of the first marriage of Sir John Livingston of Callendar (fl. 1371–1402) to a daughter of John Menteith of Kerse...

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See Livingston, Sir Alexander, of Callendar

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Murray, James, of Pardewis (d. 1592), courtier and administrator, was the third son of Sir William Murray of Tullibardine (d. 1563) and his wife, Katherine (d. in or after 1576), daughter of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy. First recorded in 1542, ...