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Browne, Anthony, first Viscount Montagu (1528–1592), nobleman and courtier, was born on 29 November 1528, the eldest of seven sons of Sir Anthony Browne (c. 1500–1548), courtier, of Cowdray Park, Sussex, and his first wife, Alice (d. 1540), daughter of Sir John Gage (1479–1556)...

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Browne, Sir Anthony (c. 1500–1548), courtier, was the son of Sir Anthony Browne (d. 1506), a cadet of the Browne family of Betchworth, Surrey, and his wife, Lucy (d. 1534), widow of Sir Thomas Fitzwilliam of Aldwark, Yorkshire, and daughter and coheir of ...

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Sir Anthony Browne (c. 1500–1548) by unknown artist, c. 1550 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anthony Browne, first Viscount Montagu (1528–1592) by Hans Eworth, 1569 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore (1579/8080–1632) by Daniel Mytens, 1627 © reserved

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Calvert, George, first Baron Baltimore (1579/80–1632), courtier and colonist in America, was born in Kiplin in Catterick parish, Yorkshire, the son of Leonard Calvert (b. c.1550) and Alica Crosland (d. early 1580s). He was descended from a Roman Catholic family that had been in ...

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Cecil, William, sixteenth Baron Ros (1590–1618), courtier and ambassador, was born in May 1590 and baptized the following month, on 4 June, at Newark Castle, Nottinghamshire. He was the eldest son of William Cecil (1566–1640), Lord Burghley from 1605 until he succeeded as ...

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Chamberlayne [Chamberlain], Sir Leonard (b. in or before 1504, d. 1561), courtier and soldier, was the eldest son of Sir Edward Chamberlayne (1480–1543) of Shirburn, Oxfordshire, and his wife, Cecily (fl. 1480–1540), daughter of Sir John Verney of Pendley, Hertfordshire. He was said to have spent his early years in riotous living, which may lie behind the pardon he received on 2 September 1529, but once the paternal estates had been entailed on him in 1528, probably on the occasion of his marriage to ...

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Colman [Coleman], Edward (1636–1678), courtier, was born on 17 May 1636 at Brent Eleigh, Suffolk, the second of five children and only son of Thomas Colman (d. 1661), vicar of Brent Eleigh and later rector of Thorpe Morieux, and his wife, Margaret (...

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Courtenay [née Blount], Gertrude, marchioness of Exeter (d. 1558), noblewoman and courtier, was the daughter of William Blount, fourth Baron Mountjoy (d. 1534), and his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter and coheir to Sir William Say. Mountjoy, who had been tutored by Erasmus...

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Dicconson, William (1654/5–1742), Jacobite courtier and biographer, eldest son of Hugh Dicconson (c.1621–1691) of Wrightington Hall near Wigan, and his wife, Agnes (d. 1719), third daughter of Roger Kirkby of Kirkby, came from a Lancashire Roman Catholic gentry family, which occasionally (as in the 1660s) conformed outwardly. He had three brothers (including the Catholic bishop ...

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Digby, Sir Kenelm (1603–1665), natural philosopher and courtier, was born on 11 July 1603 at Gayhurst, Buckinghamshire, the elder son of Sir Everard Digby (c. 1578–1606), later executed for involvement in the Gunpowder Plot, and his wife, Mary (c.1581–1653), only daughter and heir of ...

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Sir Kenelm Digby (1603–1665) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1640 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Drummond, James, first Lord Maderty (1551x61–1623), courtier, was the second son of David, second Lord Drummond (d. 1571), and his wife, Lilias Ruthven (d. 1579), a daughter of William, second Lord Ruthven. Drummond first became important through his acquisition of Inchaffray Abbey...

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Englefield, Sir Francis (1522–1596), courtier and Roman Catholic exile, was the eldest son of Sir Thomas Englefield (1488–1537) of Englefield, Berkshire, and Elizabeth Throckmorton (d. 1543) of Coughton, Warwickshire. His grandfather Sir Thomas Englefield (1455–1514) was an adviser to the young Henry VIII...

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Forster, Sir Richard [alias Mr Johnson], first baronet (1585?–1661), courtier and financier, was probably born in Earswick, Yorkshire, the only son of William Forster of Earswick (d. in or before 1618) and his second wife, Isabel Langley (d. 1585)...

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Garneys [Garnesche], Sir Christopher (d. 1534), courtier and soldier, is of unknown origins. A gentleman usher of the king's chamber from the beginning of Henry VIII's reign, attending the coronation in that capacity, he participated in court entertainments and was among those intimates of the king who played cards with him in his chamber. In 1509 the king granted him an annuity of ...

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Gordon, Henrietta (c. 1628–1701), courtier, was the daughter of John Gordon (d. 1630), created viscount of Melgum and Lord Aboyne in 1627, and Sophia (d. 1642), daughter of Francis Hay, ninth earl of Erroll. She was brought up by her mother at ...

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Hales, Sir Edward, third baronet and Jacobite first earl of Tenterden (1645–1695), courtier and Roman Catholic convert, was born on 28 September 1645, the eldest son (of four) of Sir Edward Hales, second baronet (1626–1683/4), of Tunstall Place, Kent, and his wife, Anne (...

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Anthony Hamilton, Count Hamilton in the French nobility (1644/5?5–1719) by Alexis-Simon Belle in the collection of Lennoxlove House, Haddington