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Elizabeth Campbell, duchess of Argyll and suo jure Baroness Hamilton of Hameldon (bap. 1733, d. 1790) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1758–9 Board of Trustees of the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight)

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Campbell [née Gunning], Elizabeth, duchess of Argyll and suo jure Baroness Hamilton of Hameldon [other married name Elizabeth Hamilton, duchess of Hamilton and Brandon] (bap. 1733, d. 1790), courtier, was probably born at Hemingford Grey, Huntingdonshire, and was probably baptized there on 7 December 1733, the second of five daughters of ...

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Cawarden, Sir Thomas (c. 1514–1559), courtier, was the son of William Cawarden, shearman and fuller of London, and his wife, Elizabeth. Apprenticed in 1528 to Owen Hawkins, mercer of London (a date which suggests he was born c.1514), he later became free of the ...

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Clarke, Edward (d. 1630), courtier and diplomat, appears in the state papers as Ned; his family origins and details of his early life are unknown. His career at court appears to have begun in the post of groom in the bedchamber of James VI and I...

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Claypole [Cleypole, Claypoole], John, appointed Lord Cleypole under the protectorate (1625–1688), army officer and courtier, was born on 21 August 1625, the eldest son of John Claypole of Northborough, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Mary Angell. James Claypoole was his younger brother. John Claypole senior...

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Conroy, Sir John Ponsonby, first baronet (1786–1854), courtier, was born on 21 October 1786 at Maes-y-castell, Caerhun, Caernarvonshire, the eldest of the five sons and one daughter of John Ponsonby Conroy (1759–1797), barrister, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Francis Vernon Wilson, who were both Irish-born. Educated by tutors and at the ...

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Elwes [Helwys], Sir Gervase (bap. 1561, d. 1615), court official and convicted accessory to the murder of Sir Thomas Overbury, was baptized at Askham, Nottinghamshire, on 1 September 1561, the eldest son of John Elwes (d. 1581) of Worlaby, Lincolnshire, and his wife, ...

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Erskine, John, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634), courtier and politician, was the eldest son of John Erskine, seventeenth or first earl of Mar (d. 1572), and his wife, Annabella Murray (d. 1603). His extensive estates were mainly in Stirlingshire...

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John Erskine, eighteenth or second earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634) attrib. Adam de Colone, 1626 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Foulis, Sir David, first baronet (d. 1642), court official and politician, was the son of Henry Foulis (d. 1571) of Colinton, an advocate, and Margaret Haldane (fl. 1545–1560). Between 1594 and 1602 he was sent by James VI to London six times, primarily to secure payment of the king's English pension but also, in 1601, to offer assistance against the Irish rebels. In October 1598 he was appointed keeper of the king's secret papers. He accompanied ...

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Fraizer, Sir Alexander, first baronet (1607?–1681), physician and courtier, was the son of Adam Fraser, second son of Thomas Fraser of Durris in Kincardineshire; his mother belonged to the family of Duff of Drummure. Educated at Aberdeen, his Montpellier MD (1635) was incorporated at ...

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William Gordon of Fyvie (1736–1816) by Pompeo Batoni, 1766 photograph by kind permission of The National Trust for Scotland

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Gordon, William, of Fyvie (1736–1816), army officer and courtier, was the eldest son of William Gordon, second earl of Aberdeen (bap. 1679, d. 1745), and his third wife, Lady Anne Gordon (d. 1791), daughter of Alexander Gordon, second earl of Gordon...

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Gray, Patrick, sixth Lord Gray (c. 1558–1611), nobleman and courtier, was the eldest son of Patrick Gray, fifth Lord Gray (1538–1608), and Barbara (d. in or after 1594), daughter of William Ruthven, Lord Ruthven; Patrick Gray, fourth Lord Gray (1515x20–1584), was his grandfather. He was educated at ...

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Harcourt, William, third Earl Harcourt (1743–1830), army officer and courtier, was born on 20 March 1743, the younger son of Simon Harcourt, first Earl Harcourt (1714–1777), and his wife, Rebecca (d. 1765), the only daughter and heir of Charles Samborne Le Bas...

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Lady Flora Elizabeth Hastings (1806–1839) by W. & E. Finden, pubd 1840 (after E. Hawkins) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hastings, Lady Flora Elizabeth (1806–1839), courtier, was born on 11 February 1806, the eldest of the four daughters and two sons of Francis Rawdon Hastings, first marquess of Hastings, and his wife, Flora Mure-Campbell (1780–1840), in her own right countess of Loudoun. Brought up at ...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Hotham, Sir William (1772–1848), naval officer and courtier, was born on 12 February 1772, the second son of General George Hotham and his wife, Diana, youngest daughter of Sir Warton Pennyman, bt. He was a nephew of William Hotham, first Baron Hotham, and was educated at ...

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See Killigrew, Sir Robert

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Lindsay, Alexander, first Lord Spynie (c. 1563–1607), landowner and courtier, was the fourth son of David Lindsay, tenth earl of Crawford (1526/7–1574) [see under Lindsay, David, eleventh earl of Crawford], and Margaret, an illegitimate daughter of Cardinal David Beaton, archbishop of ...