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Blage, Sir George (c. 1512–1551), courtier, was the younger son of Sir Robert Blage of Broke Montagu, Somerset (d. 1522), and of Mary, the daughter of John Brooke, seventh Baron Cobham. He is said to have been educated at Cambridge. By 1535 he was in diplomatic service, working in ...

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Blount, Charles, fifth Baron Mountjoy (1516–1544), courtier and patron of learning, was the eldest son of William Blount, fourth Baron Mountjoy (c. 1478–1534), and his third wife, Alice Brown, née Kebel (or Keble; d. 1521). Charles was born on 28 June 1516 in ...

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Boleyn, George, Viscount Rochford (c. 1504–1536), courtier and diplomat, was the only son of Thomas Boleyn, earl of Wiltshire (1476/7–1539), and Elizabeth Howard (d. 1538), eldest daughter of Thomas Howard, earl of Surrey and later second duke of Norfolk (1443–1524). He first appears in the public record participating in the Christmas revels of 1514, and he signalled his father's success when he became a royal page in 1516. His earliest recorded grants resulted from his father's service to the crown and his sister ...

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Boleyn [née Parker], Jane, Viscountess Rochford (d. 1542), courtier, was the daughter of Henry Parker, tenth Baron Morley (1480/81–1556), gentleman usher to Henry VIII, and his wife, Alice (1486–1552), daughter of Sir John St John of Bletsoe. Her elder sister Margaret (...

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Boleyn, Thomas, earl of Wiltshire and earl of Ormond (1476/7–1539), courtier and nobleman, was probably born at Blickling, Norfolk. The second son of Sir William Boleyn (c.1451–1505), landowner, of Blickling, and his wife, Margaret (d. 1539/40), second daughter and coheir of ...

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Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

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Charles Brandon, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545) by unknown artist, c. 1540–45 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brereton, William (c. 1487x90–1536), courtier and administrator, was the sixth of the nine sons of Sir Randolph Brereton (d. 1530) of Malpas, chamberlain of the county palatine of Cheshire, and Eleanor, daughter of Piers Dutton of Halton. Sir Randolph's family must be distinguished from that of his distant relative ...

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Bryan, Sir Francis [called the Vicar of Hell] (d. 1550), courtier and writer, was the first surviving son of Sir Thomas Bryan (d. 1518), courtier, of Ashridge in Hertfordshire and his wife, Margaret Bryan [née Bourchier] suo jure Baroness Bryan (...

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See Bryan, Sir Francis [called the Vicar of Hell]

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Elizabeth Campbell, duchess of Argyll and suo jure Baroness Hamilton of Hameldon (bap. 1733, d. 1790) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1758–9 Board of Trustees of the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight)

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Campbell [née Gunning], Elizabeth, duchess of Argyll and suo jure Baroness Hamilton of Hameldon [other married name Elizabeth Hamilton, duchess of Hamilton and Brandon] (bap. 1733, d. 1790), courtier, was probably born at Hemingford Grey, Huntingdonshire, and was probably baptized there on 7 December 1733, the second of five daughters of ...

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Sir Nicholas Carew (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539) by unknown artist in the collection of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry KT

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Carew, Sir Nicholas (b. in or before 1496, d. 1539), diplomat and courtier, was the eldest son of Sir Richard Carew (d. 1520) of Beddington, Surrey, and Maline, daughter of Robert Oxenbridge (d. 1488) of Ford Place in Brede, Sussex. The main line of his ancient family had settled at ...

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Cawarden, Sir Thomas (c. 1514–1559), courtier, was the son of William Cawarden, shearman and fuller of London, and his wife, Elizabeth. Apprenticed in 1528 to Owen Hawkins, mercer of London (a date which suggests he was born c.1514), he later became free of the ...

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Clarke, Edward (d. 1630), courtier and diplomat, appears in the state papers as Ned; his family origins and details of his early life are unknown. His career at court appears to have begun in the post of groom in the bedchamber of James VI and I...

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Claypole [Cleypole, Claypoole], John, appointed Lord Cleypole under the protectorate (1625–1688), army officer and courtier, was born on 21 August 1625, the eldest son of John Claypole of Northborough, Northamptonshire, and his wife, Mary Angell. James Claypoole was his younger brother. John Claypole senior...

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Coffin, Sir William (b. in or before 1492, d. 1538), courtier, was probably born at Porthledge, Devon, the son of Richard Coffin (d. 1523). His mother, variously recorded as Jacoba, Jaquetta, and Alice, was the daughter of John Gambon of Merton. He seems to have begun his public career as a petty captain in ...

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Conroy, Sir John Ponsonby, first baronet (1786–1854), courtier, was born on 21 October 1786 at Maes-y-castell, Caerhun, Caernarvonshire, the eldest of the five sons and one daughter of John Ponsonby Conroy (1759–1797), barrister, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Francis Vernon Wilson, who were both Irish-born. Educated by tutors and at the ...