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Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician, was the elder surviving son of Colin Campbell, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), and his second wife, Lady Annas or Agnes Keith (c. 1540–1588), eldest daughter of William Keith, fourth Earl Marischal...

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Campbell, Archibald, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), nobleman and politician, was born between August 1605 and April 1607, the son of Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), and his first wife, Lady Anne Douglas (1574–1607), daughter of William Douglas, sixth earl of Morton...

Article

Campbell, Archibald, ninth earl of Argyll (1629–1685), politician and clan leader, was born on 26 February 1629 at Newbattle Abbey, Edinburghshire, the son of Archibald Campbell, Lord Lorne and later eighth earl and marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), and his wife, Lady Margaret (1610–1678)...

Article

Campbell, Archibald, first duke of Argyll (d. 1703), nobleman and politician, was the eldest son of Archibald Campbell, ninth earl of Argyll (1629–1685), and his first wife, Lady Mary Stuart (d. 1668), eldest daughter of James Stuart, fourth earl of Moray; his parents married in 1650. He was styled ...

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Archibald Campbell, ninth earl of Argyll (1629–1685) by unknown artist, 1660s [with his first wife, Lady Mary Stuart] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/66–1638) by unknown artist in a private Scottish collection

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Archibald Campbell, marquess of Argyll (1605x77–1661) by David Scougall Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Elphinstone, John, second Lord Balmerino (d. 1649), nobleman and politician, was the son of James Elphinstone, first Lord Balmerino (1557–1612), and his first wife, Sarah (d. 1592×7), daughter of Sir John Menteith of Carse, whom he married on 21 March 1588. Nothing is known of his early life or education. In 1609, following the revelation of compromising correspondence with ...

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John Leslie, duke of Rothes (c. 1630–1681) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1662–5 private collection; © reserved in the photograph

Article

Leslie, John, duke of Rothes (c. 1630–1681), politician and nobleman, was the only son of John Leslie, sixth earl of Rothes (c. 1600–1641), and his wife, Lady Anne Erskine (d. 1640), daughter of John Erskine, earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634). Following his father's death on 23 August 1641 he succeeded to the earldom at the age of about eleven. He was placed into the care of his tutors, ...

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Ruthven, William, fourth Lord Ruthven and first earl of Gowrie (c. 1543–1584), magnate and politician, was the second son of Patrick Ruthven, third Lord Ruthven (c. 1520–1566), and his first wife, Janet (d. 1555×7), an illegitimate daughter of Archibald Douglas, eighteenth earl of Angus...

Article

Scott, Walter Francis Montagu-Douglas-, fifth duke of Buccleuch and seventh duke of Queensberry (1806–1884), magnate and politician, born at Dalkeith House, Midlothian, Scotland, on 25 November 1806, was the second, but eldest surviving, son of Charles William Henry Montagu-Scott, fourth duke of Buccleuch...

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Walter Francis Montagu-Douglas- Scott, fifth duke of Buccleuch and seventh duke of Queensberry (1806–1884) by George Richmond, 1864 The Lord Montagu of Beaulieu. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London