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Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy 1551x44–1631 by unknown artist, 1601 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Campbell family of Glenorchy (per. 1432–1631), nobility, formed the principal cadet branch of clan Campbell and in the early modern period constituted one of the most successful Scottish noble houses. They entered the peerage, as earls of Breadalbane, in 1681, exploiting a mixture of highland and lowland techniques to ensure their rise to prominence, as they came to dominate the central highlands of ...

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Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/66–1638) by unknown artist in a private Scottish collection

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Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician, was the elder surviving son of Colin Campbell, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), and his second wife, Lady Annas or Agnes Keith (c. 1540–1588), eldest daughter of William Keith, fourth Earl Marischal...

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Clappertoun, George (d. 1574), Roman Catholic priest and royal official, first appears in the records as a witness in 1531 at Stirling (Thomson, 3.1029), and was appointed to the parish of Duchale in Moray in 1532. Prior to that point, there is no trace. His parents and family are unknown, and he does not appear in any of the Scottish university records. In fact, he appears only as ...

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Drummond, James, first Lord Maderty (1551x61–1623), courtier, was the second son of David, second Lord Drummond (d. 1571), and his wife, Lilias Ruthven (d. 1579), a daughter of William, second Lord Ruthven. Drummond first became important through his acquisition of Inchaffray Abbey...

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Erskine, John, of Dun (1509–1590), landowner and religious activist, was born in the House of Dun, between Montrose and Brechin, the elder son of John Erskine of Dun (d. 1513), and of Margaret Ruthven (d. 1548), widow of Alexander Stewart, first earl of Buchan...

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George Gordon, second marquess of Huntly (c. 1590–1649) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck in the collection of the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry KT

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Gordon, George, second marquess of Huntly (c. 1590–1649), nobleman, was the son of George Gordon, sixth earl (later first marquess) of Huntly (1561/2–1636), and Lady Henrietta Stewart (1573–1642), daughter of Esmé Stewart, first duke of Lennox.

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Graham, John, third earl of Montrose (1548–1608), magnate and lord chancellor of Scotland, was the posthumous son of Robert Graham, master of Graham (c.1518–1547), and his wife, Margaret Fleming (d. 1584×7), daughter of Malcolm, third Lord Fleming. His father, who was killed at the battle of ...

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Gray, Patrick, fourth Lord Gray (1515x20–1584), nobleman, was the eldest son of Gilbert Gray of Buttergask (d. 1541), and his wife, Egidia, daughter of Sir Laurence Mercer of Aldie. He came of a family which claimed kinship with the Grey family of ...

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Hamilton, Claud [known as Lord Claud Hamilton], first Lord Paisley (1546?–1621), nobleman and conspirator, was born probably in 1546, the fifth and youngest son of James Hamilton, second earl of Arran and first duke of Châtelherault (c. 1519–1575), and his wife, ...

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William Hamilton, third duke of Hamilton (1634–1694) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1682–4 in the collection of Lennoxlove House; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hamilton [formerly Douglas], William, third duke of Hamilton (1634–1694), nobleman, was born on 24 December 1634, probably at Douglas Castle, Lanarkshire, the principal residence of his father. He was the fourth son of William Douglas, first marquess of Douglas (1589–1660), and the first by his second marriage, to ...

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Hay, John, of Cromlix, Jacobite duke of Inverness (1691–1740), Jacobite courtier and army officer, was the third son of Thomas Hay, seventh earl of Kinnoull (c.1660–1719), and Elizabeth (1669–1696), only daughter of William Drummond, first viscount of Strathallan. George Hay, eighth earl of Kinnoull...

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Hume, Sir Patrick, of Polwarth (c. 1550–1609), courtier and poet, was the eldest son and heir of Patrick Hume (d. 1599) of Polwarth and Redbraes, near Duns, 50 miles south-east of Edinburgh, and Agnes Hume of Manderston. He was one of seven sons and four daughters, all of whom apparently survived childhood. The ...

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Irvine, Sir Alexander, of Drum (d. 1657), royalist landowner, was the eldest son of Alexander Irvine of Drum (d. 1630) and Lady Marion (Mariota), daughter of Robert Douglas, earl of Buchan. Irvine was a knight by 1618, and in 1620 he married ...

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Leslie, Andrew, fifth earl of Rothes (c. 1530–1611), magnate, was the eldest legitimate son of George Leslie, fourth earl of Rothes (d. 1558), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1543), daughter of Sir John Somerville of Cambusnethan, Lanarkshire. Andrew married three times: first, in 1548, he married ...

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Livingston, William, sixth Lord Livingston (d. 1592), nobleman, was the second son of Alexander Livingston, fifth Lord Livingston (d. in or before 1553), and his wife, Lady Agnes Douglas, daughter of John Douglas, second earl of Morton. His parents were guardians of ...

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Livingstone [née Hay], Helen, countess of Linlithgow (d. 1627), royal tutor, was the only daughter of Andrew Hay, eighth earl of Erroll, and Jean, his first wife. Helen and her brother's financial and marital interests were represented by the king (to whom they were said to be '...