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Prince Adolphus Frederick, first duke of Cambridge (1774–1850) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, begun 1818 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Adolphus Frederick, Prince, first duke of Cambridge (1774–1850), viceroy of Hanover, army officer, and son of George III, was born at the Queen's Palace (now Buckingham Palace), St James's Park, London, in the evening of 24 February 1774, the tenth child and seventh son of ...

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Amelia [Emily], Princess (1711–1786), daughter of George II, was born on 30 May/10 June 1711 at the palace of Herrenhausen in Hanover, Germany, the summer residence of her grandfather, Georg Ludwig, elector of Hanover (from 1714 King George I of Great Britain), the second daughter of ...

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Princess Amelia (1711–1786) by unknown engraver (after Jacopo Amigoni) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anne [née Anne Hyde], duchess of York (1637–1671), first wife of James II, was born on 12 March 1637 at Cranbourne Lodge, Windsor Park, the eldest daughter of Sir Edward Hyde (1609–1674), created earl of Clarendon in 1661, and Frances, daughter of ...

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Anne (1665–1714), queen of Great Britain and Ireland, was born at St James's Palace, Westminster, on 6 February 1665. She was the fourth child and second daughter of James, duke of York (1633–1701) [see James II and VII], subsequently king of England, Scotland, and Ireland...

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Anne, duchess of York (1637–1671) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1660 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Anne, princess royal (1709–1759) by Jacopo Amigoni, c. 1734 The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Anne, princess royal (1709–1759), princess of Orange, consort of William IV, was born on 2 November 1709 at the Leine palace, Hanover, the second child and eldest daughter of George Augustus, electoral prince of Hanover, later George II of Great Britain (1683–1760), and his wife, ...

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See Henry Frederick, Prince, duke of Cumberland and Strathearn

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See Frederick Lewis, prince of Wales

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Prince Augustus Frederick, duke of Sussex (1773–1843) by Guy Head, 1798 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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T. F. Henderson

revised by John Van der Kiste

Augustus Frederick, Prince, duke of Sussex (1773–1843), sixth son and ninth child of George III and Queen Charlotte, was born at Buckingham House (later Palace) on 27 January 1773. From 1786, when he entered the University of Göttingen, until 1804, he mostly resided abroad. As a young man, he suffered severely from asthma; too delicate to join the ...

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Beauclerk, Charles, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), army officer, the illegitimate son of Charles II and Nell Gwyn, was born at his mother's house in Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, on 8 May 1670. It is said that one day when the king was with ...

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Caroline (1683–1737) by Jacopo Amigoni, 1735 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Caroline [Princess Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach] (1683–1737), queen of Great Britain and Ireland, and electress of Hanover, consort of George II, was born on 1 March 1683 in the palace of Ansbach, south Germany. She was the elder of the two children of Johann Friedrich, ...

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See Amelia [Emily], Princess

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Princess Caroline Matilda (1751–1775) by Jens Juel, 1769 Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen

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Caroline Matilda, Princess (1751–1775), queen of Denmark and Norway, consort of Christian VII, was the ninth and youngest child of Frederick Lewis (1707–1751) and Augusta (1719–1772), prince and princess of Wales. She was born at Leicester House in London on 22 July 1751, a little more than four months after her father's unexpected death. Her childhood was spent within the defensive confines of the court of her mother. ...

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Charles I (1600–1649), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was born in Dunfermline Castle, Scotland, on 19 November 1600 and baptized at the palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, on 23 December. He was the third child of James VI of Scotland (subsequently James I...