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Benolt, Thomas (d. 1534), herald and diplomat, may have been born at Rouen; his mother's maiden name was Meautis, but his father's identity is not known. It was with Calais, however, that the family had its strongest links; Benolt is generally thought to have been a native of ...

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Brandon, Sir Thomas (d. 1510), courtier and diplomat, was the third son of Sir William Brandon of Southwark (d. 1491) and his wife, Elizabeth Wingfield (d. 1497). With his eldest brother, William, who had been attainted for his part in the rebellion against ...

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Brugge, Lodewijk van [Louis de Bruges; Lodewijk van Gruuthuse], earl of Winchester (c. 1427–1492), courtier and diplomat, was the only son of Jan van Brugge and Margaretha van Steenhuyse. The name Gruuthuse, by which he is commonly known, refers to his family's property in and around ...

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Fitzalan, Richard, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), soldier, diplomat, and royal councillor, known as ‘Copped Hat’, was the son of Edmund Fitzalan, second earl of Arundel (1285–1326), and Alice, sister of John de Warenne, seventh earl of Surrey...

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Henry of Lancaster [Henry of Grosmont], first duke of Lancaster (c. 1310–1361), soldier and diplomat, was the son of Henry, third earl of Lancaster (c. 1280–1345), and Maud Chaworth (d. 1317×22).

Image

Henry of Lancaster, first duke of Lancaster (c. 1310–1361) manuscript painting, c. 1430 The British Library

Article

Machado, Roger [Ruy] (d. 1510), diplomat and herald, was probably of Portuguese extraction and may have lived among the Portuguese merchants at Bruges in 1455.

Machado first appears as Leicester herald on missions to the Low Countries in 1478 or 1479 and in 1480. He was possibly the Leicester herald present at the marriage of ...

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Margaret, duchess of Burgundy (1446–1503), Yorkist matriarch and mediator, was the third daughter of Richard, third duke of York (1411–1460), and Cecily (1415–1495), daughter of Ralph Neville, first earl of Westmorland. She was born on 3 May 1446, probably at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire...

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Sutton, John [John Dudley], first Baron Dudley (1400–1487), courtier and diplomat, was born on 25 December 1400, the son of John (V) Sutton (d. 1406) and his wife, Constance Blount (d. 1432). The Suttons were the descendants of Roger Somery (...

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Urswick, Christopher (1448?–1522), courtier, diplomat, and ecclesiastic, was the son of John Urswick and his wife, lay brother and sister of the Cistercian abbey of Furness in Lancashire. On 14 January 1486 he put his age at thirty-six; his memorial brass gives it as seventy-three at death. Educated at ...