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Æthelweard [Ethelwerd] (d. 998?), chronicler and magnate, was ealdorman of south-western England. He styled himself 'Patricius Consul Fabius Quaestor', a latinization of 'Æthel-/ealdorman/Fabius/-weard'. He was the father of Æthelmær, grandfather of one Æthelweard and grandfather-in-law of another: all also ealdormen, and two of the same south-western ealdormanry as ...

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Bacon [née Cooke], Anne, Lady Bacon (c. 1528–1610), gentlewoman and scholar, was probably born at Gidea Hall, Essex. She was third of the nine children of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), one of the humanist educators who tutored Edward VI, and Anne (...

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Anne Bacon, Lady Bacon (c. 1528–1610) by unknown artist reproduced by permission of the Earl of Verulam. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Blundell, William (1620–1698), royalist landowner and topographer, was born on 15 July 1620 at Crosby Hall, Little Crosby, Lancashire, the second son of Nicholas Blundell (c.1590–1631) and Jane (d. 1640), daughter of Roger Bradshaigh of Haigh, near Wigan. In 1635 at the age of fifteen he married, in ...

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Clare, Elizabeth de [Elizabeth de Burgh; known as lady of Clare] (1294/5–1360), magnate and founder of Clare College, Cambridge, was usually known as Elizabeth de Burgh, and was described by herself and others as lady of Clare. She was the youngest daughter of ...

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Clutterbuck, Robert (1772–1831), local historian and landowner, was born and baptized at Watford House, High Street, Watford, in Hertfordshire, on 28 January 1772. He was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Clutterbuck the younger (1744–1791) and Sarah Thurgood (1749–1788), daughter of Robert and ...

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Robert Clutterbuck (1772–1831) by William Bond (after William Henry Hunt, c. 1815) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Craven, Sir William

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Douglas, William, first marquess of Douglas (1589–1660), magnate and scholar, was the eldest son of William Douglas, tenth earl of Angus (c. 1554–1611), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. in or after 1611), daughter of Laurence Oliphant, fourth Lord Oliphant. From early childhood, the ...

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Frere, John (1740–1807), landowner and antiquary, was born at Westhorpe, Suffolk, on 10 August 1740, the eldest son of Sheppard Frere (1712–1780), landowner, of Thwaite, Suffolk, and his wife, Susanna (1709/10–1779), daughter of John Hatley of London and Kirby Hall, Essex. He was educated at a private school kept by the ...

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Sir (Richard) Colt Hoare, second baronet (1758–1838) by Samuel Woodforde, 1795 [left, with his son] National Trust Photographic Library / John Hammond

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Hoare, Sir (Richard) Colt, second baronet (1758–1838), landowner and antiquary, was born on 9 December 1758 at Barn Elms, Barnes, Surrey, the eldest son of Sir Richard Hoare, first baronet (1735–1787), banker, and Anne Hoare (1737–1759), known as Nanny, daughter of Henry Hoare (1705–1785)...

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W. A. J. Archbold

Reviser J. A. Marchand

Howard, Henry (1757–1842), landowner and antiquary, was born at Corby Castle, Cumberland, on 2 July 1757, the eldest son of Philip Howard (1730–1810) of Corby Castle, religious writer, and Anne, daughter of Henry Witham of Cliff, Yorkshire. His was a Roman Catholic family: his father wrote a ...

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Richard Ovenden and Stuart Handley

Howard, Lord William (1563–1640), antiquary and landowner, was born at Audley End, Essex, on 19 December 1563, the younger son of Thomas Howard, fourth duke of Norfolk (1538–1572), and his second wife, Margaret (1540–1564), only daughter and heir Thomas, Lord Audley of Walden...

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Keith, George, fourth Earl Marischal (1549/50–1623), magnate and founder of Marischal College, Aberdeen, was the eldest son of William, master of Marischal (c.1530–1580), and his wife, Elizabeth Hay (b. c.1530), daughter of George, seventh earl of Erroll. He was educated with his younger brother ...

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Killigrew [née Cooke], Katherine (c. 1542–1583), gentlewoman and scholar, was the fifth daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), Edward VI's tutor, of Gidea Hall in Essex, and Anne (d. 1553), daughter of Sir William Fitzwilliam, and widow of Sir John Hawes...

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Merrick, Rice [Rhys Meurug] (c. 1520–1587), landowner and antiquary, was descended from one of the native Welsh families of Miskin, according to bardic tradition and the genealogical tracts. His contemporary the Glamorgan bard Dafydd Benwyn maintained that he was the son of Meurug ap Hywel ap Philip...

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More [Moore], Sir Thomas Laurence de la (fl. 1327–1358), landowner and supposed chronicler, was the son of John Laurence de la More and a kinsman (nepos), possibly nephew, of Archbishop John Stratford (c. 1275–1348). Thomas's wife was called Isabel, a name also borne by ...

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Noble, Mary Eleanor (1845–1925), landowner, local historian, and first woman county councillor in England, was born at High How in the parish of Bampton, Westmorland, on 4 April 1845, the elder of the two daughters of William Noble (1811–1881) and his wife, ...

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Quin, Edwin Richard Windham Wyndham-, third earl of Dunraven and Mount Earl (1812–1871), landowner and archaeologist, was born on 19 May 1812 in London. He was the only son of Windham Henry Wyndham-Quin, second earl of Dunraven and Mount Earl (1782–1850), and his wife, ...