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Basset, Gilbert (d. 1241), knight and rebel, was the son and heir of Alan Basset (d. 1232) and his wife, Alice or Alina de Gai (d. 1230), or possibly an earlier wife, Alice de Gray. Alan was probably the youngest of the three sons of ...

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Breteuil, Roger de [Roger fitz William], earl of Hereford (fl. 1071–1087), magnate and rebel, was the second son of Earl William fitz Osbern (d. 1071) and Adelize de Tosny. When William fitz Osbern died, William I gave Roger his father's English manors and made him ...

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Douglas, Archibald [nicknamed Bell-the-Cat], fifth earl of Angus (c. 1449–1513), magnate and rebel, was the elder of the two sons of George Douglas, fourth earl of Angus (c. 1417–1463), and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Sir John Sibbald of Balgonie in Fife...

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Douglas, James, ninth earl of Douglas and third earl of Avondale (c. 1425–1491), magnate and rebel, was the second son of James Douglas, seventh earl of Douglas and first earl of Avondale (d. 1443), and Beatrix Sinclair (d. in or before 1463)...

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Eustace, James, third Viscount Baltinglass (1530–1585), nobleman and rebel, was the eldest son and heir of Sir Roland Eustace, later second Viscount Baltinglass (1504–1579), and Joan, daughter of James Butler, Lord Dunboyne. The family had a long and distinguished record of royal service in ...

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Ferrers, Robert de, sixth earl of Derby (c. 1239–1279), magnate and rebel, was the eldest son of William de Ferrers, earl of Derby (c.1200–1254), from his second marriage, to Margaret, elder daughter and coheir of Roger de Quincy, earl of Winchester...

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Fitzgerald, Thomas [called Silken Thomas], tenth earl of Kildare [known as Lord Offaly] (1513–1537), nobleman and rebel, was born in London, the only son of Gerald Fitzgerald, ninth earl of Kildare (1487–1534), and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1517), daughter of ...

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Fitzgibbon, Edmund fitz John, eleventh white knight (c. 1550–1608), chieftain and rebel, was the second of three children of John Oge Fitzgerald, or Fitzgibbon, tenth white knight (d. 1569), and Ellen (d. c.1579), daughter of Patrick Condon. He was born in ...

Image

Robert Fitzwalter (d. 1235) seal matrix, early 13th cent. © The Trustees of the British Museum

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Fitzwalter, Robert (d. 1235), magnate and rebel, lord of Dunmow, Essex and Baynard's Castle, London, was the son of Walter fitz Robert and Matilda, daughter of Henry II's justiciar Richard de Lucy. Henry I had granted the honours of Dunmow and Baynard's Castle...

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Hussey, John, Baron Hussey (1465/6–1537), nobleman and alleged rebel, was the elder son of Sir William Hussey (d. 1495), justice, of Sleaford in Lincolnshire, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Berkeley of Wymondham, Leicestershire. His year of birth is estimated from his age of sixty-three years in 1529. He had a younger brother, ...

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Maguire, Sir Hugh [Aodh Mág Uidhir], lord of Fermanagh (d. 1600), chieftain and rebel, was the eldest son of Cú Chonnacht Maguire, lord of Fermanagh (d. 1589), Irish chieftain, and his wife, Nuala, or Fionnghuala, daughter of Manus O'Donnell, lord of Tyrconnell...

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Mowbray, Thomas, second earl of Nottingham (1385–1405), magnate and rebel, was the eldest son of Thomas (I) Mowbray, first duke of Norfolk (1366–1399), and his second wife, Elizabeth Fitzalan (d. 1425), sister and coheir of Thomas Fitzalan, fifth earl of Arundel (d. 1415)...

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Needham, Charles, fourth Viscount Kilmorey (c. 1637–1660), nobleman and royalist insurgent, was the elder son of Robert Needham, second Viscount Kilmorey (d. 1653), and his second wife, Eleanor (1596/7–1666), widow of Gilbert Gerard, Lord Gerard of Gerard's Bromley, and daughter of Thomas Dutton...

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Neville, Charles, sixth earl of Westmorland (1542/3–1601), magnate and rebel, was born between 18 August 1542 and 28 August 1543, the second, but only surviving, son of Henry Neville, fifth earl of Westmorland (1524/5–1564) [see under Neville, Ralph, fourth earl of Westmorland (1498–1549)...

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O'Brien, Murrough, first earl of Thomond (d. 1551), chieftain and rebel, was the third son of Turlough Donn O'Brien (d. 1528), lord of Thomond, and Raghnailt, daughter of John MacNamara, chief of Clancullen. In 1531 Murrough became tanist to his older brother ...

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O'Connor, Brian [Bernard] (d. after 1559), chieftain and rebel, was probably born in Dangan in co. Offaly, the eldest son of Cahir O'Connor (d. 1511), chieftain, and his first wife. Cahir was chieftain of the O'Connor Faly sept or clan from 1474 to 1511. The ...

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O'Donnell, Hugh [Aodh Ó'Dónaill; known as Red Hugh, Hugh Roe, Aodh Rua], lord of Tyrconnell (1572–1602), chieftain and rebel, was born on or about 20 October 1572, the eldest son of Sir Hugh O'Donnell, lord of Tyrconnell (b. in or before 1535, ...

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O'More, Owny MacRory [Uaithne MacRuaidhri ua Mordha] (b. in or before 1577, d. 1600), chieftain and rebel, was born in Gallen, co. Leix (Laois), a son of Rory Oge O'More (c. 1540–1578), chieftain and rebel, and his wife, Margaret (d. 1577), daughter of ...

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O'More, Rory Oge [Ruaidhri Óg Ua Mordha] (c. 1540–1578), chieftain and rebel, was the eldest son of Rory Caoch MacConnell O'More [see below] and his first wife, Margaret, daughter of Thomas Butler and granddaughter of Piers Butler, eighth earl of Ormond...