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Campbell, Archibald, fifth earl of Argyll (1538–1573), magnate and protestant reformer, was the eldest son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his first wife, Lady Helen Hamilton (d. in or before 1541), daughter of the first earl of Arran...

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Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician, was the elder surviving son of Colin Campbell, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), and his second wife, Lady Annas or Agnes Keith (c. 1540–1588), eldest daughter of William Keith, fourth Earl Marischal...

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Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/66–1638) by unknown artist in a private Scottish collection

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Douglas, William, sixth earl of Morton (c. 1540–1606), magnate, was the son of Sir Robert Douglas of Lochleven (killed at the battle of Pinkie in 1547) and Lady Margaret Erskine [see under James (V), mistresses and children of], daughter of John, ...

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Douglas, William, first marquess of Douglas (1589–1660), magnate and scholar, was the eldest son of William Douglas, tenth earl of Angus (c. 1554–1611), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. in or after 1611), daughter of Laurence Oliphant, fourth Lord Oliphant. From early childhood, the ...

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Erskine, John, seventeenth or first earl of Mar (d. 1572), magnate and regent of Scotland, was the third born but eldest surviving son of John, fifth Lord Erskine (d. 1555) and his wife, Margaret Campbell, daughter of the second earl of Argyll...

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Graham, John, third earl of Montrose (1548–1608), magnate and lord chancellor of Scotland, was the posthumous son of Robert Graham, master of Graham (c.1518–1547), and his wife, Margaret Fleming (d. 1584×7), daughter of Malcolm, third Lord Fleming. His father, who was killed at the battle of ...

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James Hamilton, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575) attrib. Arnold Bronckorst, 1578 in the collection of Lennoxlove House; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hamilton, James, second earl of Arran, and duke of Châtelherault in the French nobility (c. 1519–1575), magnate and governor of Scotland, was born at Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of James Hamilton, first earl of Arran (1475?–1529), and his second wife, Janet Beaton (...

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Hamilton, James, third earl of Arran (1537/8?–1609), magnate, was the eldest of the eight children of James Hamilton, second earl of Arran, later duke of Châtelherault (d. 1575), and his wife, Margaret, eldest daughter of James Douglas, third earl of Morton. His father not only became regent of ...

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Hamilton, John, first marquess of Hamilton (1539/40–1604), magnate, was the third son of James Hamilton, second earl of Arran, later duke of Châtelherault (c. 1519–1575), and his wife, Margaret, eldest daughter of James Douglas, third earl of Morton. In early childhood he received the commendam of the abbey of ...

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George Home, earl of Dunbar (d. 1611) by unknown artist Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Home, George, earl of Dunbar (d. 1611), courtier and administrator, was the fourth son of Alexander Home of Manderston (d. 1593) and Janet Home (d. 1593), daughter of George Home of Spott. The date of his birth is uncertain. There were many divisions among the ...

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Keith, George, fourth Earl Marischal (1549/50–1623), magnate and founder of Marischal College, Aberdeen, was the eldest son of William, master of Marischal (c.1530–1580), and his wife, Elizabeth Hay (b. c.1530), daughter of George, seventh earl of Erroll. He was educated with his younger brother ...

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Keith, William, third Earl Marischal (c. 1510–1581), magnate, was the eldest son of Robert, master of Marischal (d. 1524/5), and his wife, Elizabeth (or Beatrice) Douglas (d. after 1527), daughter of John, second earl of Morton. He was still a minor when he succeeded to the title on the death of his grandfather between 24 November 1526 and 2 May 1527. He was identified as the fourth earl until 1927, when the sequence was revised by ...

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Leslie, Andrew, fifth earl of Rothes (c. 1530–1611), magnate, was the eldest legitimate son of George Leslie, fourth earl of Rothes (d. 1558), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1543), daughter of Sir John Somerville of Cambusnethan, Lanarkshire. Andrew married three times: first, in 1548, he married ...

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William Maitland of Lethington (1525x3030–1573) by unknown artist in the collection of Thirlestane Castle Trust

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Maitland, William, of Lethington (1525x30–1573), courtier and diplomat, was the eldest son of Sir Richard Maitland of Lethington (1496–1586), courtier, judge, and writer, and Mary or Mariota Cranstoun (d. 1586), daughter of Sir Thomas Cranstoun of Corsbie. His younger brothers were John Maitland...

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Ruthven, Patrick, third Lord Ruthven (c. 1520–1566), magnate, was the eldest son of William Ruthven, second Lord Ruthven (b. before 1513, d. 1552), and Janet, eldest daughter and coheir of Patrick, Lord Haliburton of Dirleton. The belief that he was educated at the ...

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Ruthven, William, fourth Lord Ruthven and first earl of Gowrie (c. 1543–1584), magnate and politician, was the second son of Patrick Ruthven, third Lord Ruthven (c. 1520–1566), and his first wife, Janet (d. 1555×7), an illegitimate daughter of Archibald Douglas, eighteenth earl of Angus...