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Abel, John (1578/9–1675), master carpenter, was probably born and lived at Sarnesfield, Herefordshire. A Catholic recusant, he was brought before a church court in 1618 for contracting a secret marriage with his wife, Johanna. She was still alive in 1640, when she appeared in a list of recusants with her husband. Few other facts are known about ...

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Atkinson, Thomas (bap. 1729, d. 1798), architect and mason, was baptized on 22 June 1729 at Holy Trinity Church, King's Court, York, the son of Thomas Atkinson (d. 1765), a mason, and his wife, Jane Marshall. He worked with his father on ...

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See Barnsley family

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Bell, Henry (bap. 1647, d. 1711), architect and merchant, was baptized on 8 July 1647 in King's Lynn, Norfolk, the son of Henry Bell (d. 1686), mercer. He was educated at the local grammar school and then Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge...

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Bowes, George (1701–1760), coal owner and landscape builder, was born on 21 August 1701 at Streatlam Castle, near Barnard Castle, co. Durham, the third son of Sir William Bowes (bap. 1657, d. 1707), landowner, of Streatlam, and his wife, Elizabeth Blakiston (...

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Brown, Richard (1736–1816), stonemason and manufacturer of decorative stone, was born in Derby and baptized at the collegiate church of All Saints on 25 July 1736, son of Richard Browne [Richard [i] Brown] (1700–1756), mason, and his second wife, Ann, née...

Article

See Brown, Richard

Article

W. E. A. Axon

revised by Sarah Couper

Castillo, John (1792–1845), stonemason, poet, and preacher, was born at Rathfarnham, near Dublin. When he was two or three years old his parents, who were Roman Catholics, emigrated to England, and on the voyage were shipwrecked off the Isle of Man. They settled in the hamlet of ...

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Driver, Robert Collier (1816–1897), surveyor and auctioneer, was born on 28 August 1816, one of the five sons of Charles Burrell Driver (1788–1852), of Cornhill, City of London, stationer, and his wife, Ann Manning. He was educated at a school in Epping, and in 1832 he was articled to ...

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Gibbs, William (1790–1875), businessman and religious philanthropist, was born on 22 May 1790 at 6 Calle de Cantarranas, Madrid, Spain, the second son of Antony Gibbs (1756–1815), merchant, and his wife, Dorothea Barnetta, née Hucks (1760–1820). The judge and politician Sir Vicary Gibbs...

Image

William Gibbs (1790–1875) by unknown photographer, 1862–3 © reserved

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Griggs, John (1551/2–1598), carpenter, was the son of Simon Griggs, citizen and butcher of London, and his wife, Elizabeth, who lived in Pudding Lane in the parish of St Margaret, New Fish Street. Simon Griggs died in 1570, leaving the lease on his house to his wife and the rest of his goods to his wife and children. On 1 November 1573 ...

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Grumbold, Robert (bap. 1639, d. 1720), mason and architect, was baptized in June 1639 at Raunds, Northamptonshire, the son of Edward and Mary Grumbold, and was a member of a family of masons originating at the quarry villages of Raunds and Weldon which was active in the ...

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Harrison, Peter (1716–1775), merchant and architect, was born on 14 June 1716 in or near York, the last of four children of Thomas Harrison (1670–1737), a Quaker, and his wife, Elizabeth Dennyson (1683–1753), of York. Although no record has been found of formal architectural training, ...

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Herland, Hugh (d. 1406?), master carpenter, was the presumed son of William Herland (d. 1375), master carpenter to Edward III. William first appears c.1332 as a sawyer of moulds at St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster, where William Hurley was master carpenter. He was also employed at the ...

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Holt, Thomas (1577/8–1624), carpenter, was born in Yorkshire. He was one of the group of northern craftsmen, including the Halifax masons John Akroyd and John Bentley, who were invited to Oxford by Sir Henry Savile, warden of Merton College, at a time when the university was in dispute with the city building crafts, and who undertook some of the most prestigious projects of the first two decades of the seventeenth century. Despite the assumption that he came from ...

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Hurley, William (d. 1354), master carpenter, is first recorded c.1315 in the exchequer plea rolls, among a list of London craftsmen acting as 'sureties' on behalf of imprisoned masons employed at the king's manor of Eltham, Kent. Although no works can be associated with ...

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James, John (c. 1672–1746), architect, surveyor, and carpenter, was the eldest son of the Revd John James (c.1645–1733). It is clear from his memorial tablet in St Mary's Church, Eversley, Hampshire, that his parents were not Thomas and Elinor James, as was once thought. ...

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Jelfe, Andrews (c. 1690–1759), masonry contractor and architect, was one of at least two sons of William Jelfe (c.1660–1721), a carpenter, of South Weald, Essex, and his wife, Mary, née Andrews (c.1668–1748). On 2 August 1704 he was apprenticed to ...

Article

L. H. Cust

revised by Angela Doughty

Kendall, John (1768/9–1829), architect and stonemason, was the youngest of four children of Edward Kendall (d. 1796) of Exeter, monumental sculptor and mason, and his wife, Mary (bap. 1738, d. 1831), daughter of James and Elizabeth Rennel of Kingsteignton. He probably attended ...