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Abbey, Edwin Austin (1852–1911), illustrator and painter, was born at 315 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 1 April 1852, the eldest of the three children of William Maxwell Abbey (1827–1897), a merchant of French and English descent, and Margery Ann Kiple (1825–1880), who was descended from German and Irish immigrants. He was educated in ...

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Ackermann, George (1803–1891), publisher and artist, was born in London on 29 January 1803, the second surviving son of Rudolph Ackermann (1764–1834) and Martha, née Massey (1769–1811). By nature quiet, gentle, and something of a dreamer, he was nevertheless an obedient son and began a long and active business career by joining his father's business as publisher of books and prints at ...

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Robert Adam (1728–1792) attrib. George Willison, c. 1770–74 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adam, Robert (1728–1792), architect, was born at Kirkcaldy in Fife on 3 July 1728, the second son of William Adam (bap. 1689, d. 1748), architect, and his wife, Mary Robertson (1699–1761), the daughter of William Robertson of Gladney. He was educated at the high school of ...

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William Aikman of Cairnie (1682–1731) self-portrait Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Aikman, William, of Cairnie (1682–1731), portrait painter, was born on 24 October 1682 at Cairnie, Forfarshire, the second son and fifth child of William Aikman (1646–1699), laird of Cairnie and advocate, and his wife, Margaret Clerk (d. after 1729), daughter of John Clerk...

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Armstrong, Thomas (1832–1911), artist and applied arts administrator, was born at Fallowfield, Manchester, on 19 October 1832, the eldest son of Thomas Armstrong and his wife, Sarah. Educated at a private school at Tarvin, near Chester, he initially began work in his family's cotton business in ...

Article

Samuel Morrison

revised by Andrew Saint

Aslin, Charles Herbert (1893–1959), architect, was born at 34 Burnell Road, Owlerton, Ecclesfield, Yorkshire, on 15 December 1893, the younger of two sons of Arthur William Aslin and his wife, Louisa Annie Outram. His parents were originally from Lincolnshire and Derbyshire, but by the time of ...

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Edward Backwell (c. 1619–1683) by unknown engraver, pubd 1797 © Copyright The British Museum

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Backwell, Edward (c. 1619–1683), goldsmith and banker, the son of Barnaby Backwell of Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, a yeoman, was apprenticed in 1635 to Thomas Vyner, a leading goldsmith. He became free of the Goldsmiths' Company in 1651, of which he was to be prime warden in 1660....

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Barker, Thomas Jones (1813–1882), war and portrait painter, was born on 19 April 1813 at Bath, Somerset, the eldest son and fifth child of Thomas Barker (1767–1847) of Bath, painter and lithographer, and his wife, Priscilla, née Jones. Educated at Heckingham College, he was taught to paint by his father. From 1834 he studied in ...

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Barralet, John James (1747–1815), watercolour painter, was born in Dublin, and came of a French family. He was educated under James Mannin in the Dublin Society Schools, where he was awarded a premium in 1764. He specialized in landscapes, producing prosaic works with no hint of drama, although the trees are particularly well executed. However, his forte was undoubtedly the figures who people many of his works and give a lively immediacy to his watercolours. He worked in ...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by S. Kinross

Barrallier, Francis Louis (1773–1853), army officer and surveyor, was the son of a French surveyor, who after the capture of Toulon in 1793 was employed by the British. Barrallier was permitted to go to New South Wales with the new governor, Captain P. G. King RN...

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W. C. Monkhouse

revised by Anne Crookshank

Barret, George (1732?–1784), landscape painter, was born in Dublin, the son of a clothier. He was apprenticed to a stay maker and later attended the Dublin Society drawing schools under Robert West. While there he coloured prints for the publisher Silcock, and in 1747 he won a prize in the examination. He became a friend of ...

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Basire, Isaac (1704–1768), printmaker and draughtsman, was the son of James Basire of St James's, Westminster, who was thought to have been of Huguenot origin. Isaac was the progenitor of four generations of the Basire family to be noted as printmakers from the early eighteenth century to 1869. He was apprenticed to the silver-engraver ...

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See Basire, Isaac

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See Basire, Isaac

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See Basire, Isaac

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Maker: George Romney

William Thomas Beckford (1760–1844) by George Romney, 1781–2 National Trust Photographic Library / John Hammond

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Beckford, William Thomas (1760–1844), writer and art collector, was born on 29 September 1760 at one of his father's houses, in Westminster or Fonthill, Wiltshire, and baptized at Fonthill on 6 January 1761, the only legitimate son of William Beckford (bap. 1709, d. 1770)...