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Abbo of Fleury [St Abbo of Fleury] (945x50–1004), abbot of St Benoît-sur-Loire, was a French monk influential, by both his presence in England and his writings, in the monastic revival of the late tenth century. He was born in the region of Orléans...

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Abell, Adam (1475x80?–1537?), Franciscan friar and chronicler, was born in Salt Preston, Haddingtonshire, but the names and occupations of his parents are not recorded and details of his early life are scant. What little is known is derived largely from his chronicle, ...

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Abercromby, John (supp. fl. 1561), Benedictine monk, is recorded only in Thomas Dempster's Historia ecclesiastica, a lengthy compilation of short biographies which sometimes have a substratum of fact, but more often no factual basis whatever. Dempster's few lines on Abercromby are vague. He adds '...

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Abercromby, Robert (1536–1613), Jesuit, was born at Murthly, in the parish of Little Dunkeld, Perthshire, a kinsman of Richard Abercromby, last abbot of Inchcolm (d. 1549). He matriculated at St Mary's College at the University of St Andrews in 1551, and graduated in humanities from ...

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(Giovanni) Giacinto Achilli (b. c. 1803) by unknown engraver, pubd 1850 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Achilli, (Giovanni) Giacinto (b. c. 1803), Dominican priest, anti-Catholic polemicist, and seducer, was born in the village of Celleno, 18 miles from Viterbo, then in the Papal States. He joined the Dominican order in 1819, studied at the convent of the Minerva in ...

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Adam [Adam of Caithness] (d. 1222), abbot of Melrose and bishop of Caithness, is variously described as having been a foundling and as having originated in Cumberland. He was elected bishop on 5 August 1213 when he was abbot of Melrose, the third bishop to be appointed to ...

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Adams, James (1737–1802), Jesuit and philologist, was born on 3 November 1737 to William Adams and Anne or Sarah Spencer; he refers to Bury St Edmunds as his 'native town' (Euphonologia Linguae Anglicanae, 1794, 7). He was educated at the Jesuit college in ...

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Adomnán [St Adomnán] (627/8?–704), abbot of Iona and writer, who became known to history as the ninth abbot of Iona and the outstanding Irish churchman of his day, was born of the royal line of Cenél Conaill, a dynasty which formed part of the over-kingdom of the northern ...

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Æbbe [St Æbbe, Ebba] (d. 683?), abbess of Coldingham, was the daughter of Acha, queen of Northumbria, and uterine sister of kings Oswald and Oswiu. According to late and unverifiable traditions preserved mainly in a life ascribed to the twelfth-century hagiographer Reginald of Durham...

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Ælfflæd [St Ælfflæd, Elfleda] (654–714), abbess of Strensall–Whitby, was the daughter of Oswiu, king of Northumbria (d. 670), and his wife, Eanflæd. She was dedicated to religion when scarcely a year old, in fulfilment of a vow made by her father before his victory at the battle of the ...

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Ælfric of Eynsham [Ælfric Grammaticus, Ælfric the Homilist] (c. 950–c. 1010), Benedictine abbot of Eynsham and scholar, is of unknown origins, though his language suggests he came from Wessex. He was educated under Æthelwold in the monastic school at Winchester, and after becoming a monk and priest was sent about 987 to the abbey of ...

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See Ælfric of Eynsham [Ælfric Grammaticus, Ælfric the Homilist]

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Ælfric (II) (supp. fl. 1070), supposed abbot of St Albans, appears among the mid-eleventh-century abbots of St Albans in the Gesta abbatum as begun c.1250 by Matthew Paris, who apparently used an 'ancient roll' of Bartholomew the clerk, servant of the twelfth-century ...

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William Hunt

revised by Marios Costambeys

Ælfweard (d. 1044), abbot of Evesham and bishop of London, is said by the chronicle of Evesham to have been a relative of Cnut, presumably through Cnut's first, English, wife, Ælfgifu of Northampton. He was a monk of Ramsey and was made abbot of ...

Article

William Hunt

revised by Marios Costambeys

Ælfwig (d. 1066), abbot of New Minster, Winchester, is reliably evident only in the Liber vitae of New Minster (later Hyde Abbey). This work gives the probable year of his appointment as 1063, and the information that he was killed in the battle of ...

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Aelsinus (fl. c. 1023–c. 1031), Benedictine monk and scribe of New Minster, Winchester, is known only because, unusually, he identified himself in one of his own productions. In a cryptic colophon in British Library, MS Cotton Titus D.xxvii, fol. 13v, he used the common code of replacing every vowel with the consonant that follows it. Decoded, the first section of the note reads: '...

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Aethelwig (d. 1077/8), abbot of Evesham and administrator, was the son of an otherwise little-known thegn named Ordwig. Claims made in Thomas of Marlborough's History of the Abbey of Evesham, that he was a man 'of great nobility of family' (...

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Æthelwold [St Æthelwold, Ethelwold] (904x9–984), abbot of Abingdon and bishop of Winchester, was a leading figure in the tenth-century church reform movement. He was born in Winchester to noble parents during the reign of Edward the Elder, probably between 904 and 909.

As a youth ...

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Mary Frances Aikenhead (1787–1858) by unknown artist, c. 1807 © National Portrait Gallery, London