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Arundell, Humphrey (1512/13–1550), rebel, was born in 1512 or 1513, being twenty-three in 1536, the son and heir of Roger Arundell (d. 1536), landowner, of Helland, Cornwall, and his wife, Joanne or Joan (d. 1537), daughter of Humphrey Calwodely. Roger Arundell...

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Aske, Robert (c. 1500–1537), lawyer and rebel, was the third son of Sir Robert Aske (d. 1529), landowner, of Aughton, near Selby, Yorkshire, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Clifford, ninth Baron Clifford, and his wife, Margaret. His elder brother John Aske (...

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Ball, John (d. 1381), chaplain and leader of the peasants' revolt, was of obscure origins. He had been an itinerant radical preacher for nearly twenty years before the revolt. He described himself, in letters circulated during the rising, as 'seynte marye prist' and 'som tyme seynte marie prest of ...

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Bambatha ka Mancinza (1865/6–1906), chief and rebel in Natal, was born in 1865 or 1866 in the Umvoti division of the British colony of Natal. He was the son of the chief Mancinza (also called Sobhuza) ka Jangeni (d. 1883) and a daughter of the Chunu chief ...

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Bardolf, Thomas, fifth Baron Bardolf (1369–1408), landowner and rebel, was born at Birling, Kent, on 22 December 1369, the son of William, fourth Baron Bardolf (1349–1386), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1403), the daughter of Michael Poynings, first Lord Poynings (c. 1318–1369)...

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Basset, Gilbert (d. 1241), knight and rebel, was the son and heir of Alan Basset (d. 1232) and his wife, Alice or Alina de Gai (d. 1230), or possibly an earlier wife, Alice de Gray. Alan was probably the youngest of the three sons of ...

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Bigod, Sir Francis (1507–1537), rebel, was born at Seaton in Hinderwell, Yorkshire, on 4 October 1507, the eldest son of Sir John Bigod and Joan, the daughter of Sir James Strangways, who acted as godfather, with the prior of Guisborough as the other godfather and ...

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Bodrugan [Trenowith], Sir Henry (c. 1426–1487x1503), landowner and rebel, sometimes called Henry Trenowith, was the son and heir of Sir William Bodrugan of Newham, Cornwall (c.1398–1441), and of Philippa, daughter of Sir John Arundel of Lanherne, Cornwall (fl. 1426–1450). He was descended through his paternal great-grandmother, ...

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Bowes, Sir George (1517–1545), soldier and rebel, was a posthumous son of the landowner Sir Ralph Bowes (c.1455–1516) and Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Clifford, Lord Clifford. His wardship was sold to William Eure, Lord Eure, whose daughter Muriel he married. The couple had three daughters: ...

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Bowes, Sir Robert (1493?–1555), soldier, lawyer, and rebel, was the second surviving son of Sir Ralph Bowes of Streatlam, co. Durham (d. 1512), and Marjorie (d. 1524), daughter and coheir of Sir Richard Conyers of South Cowton, North Riding of Yorkshire...

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Breteuil, Roger de [Roger fitz William], earl of Hereford (fl. 1071–1087), magnate and rebel, was the second son of Earl William fitz Osbern (d. 1071) and Adelize de Tosny. When William fitz Osbern died, William I gave Roger his father's English manors and made him ...

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Cade, John [Jack] [alias John Mortimer; called the Captain of Kent] (d. 1450), rebel leader, was believed by contemporary chroniclers and the royal administration to be Irish, but this may have been no more than a supposition based on Cade's adoption of the surname ...

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See Campsie, John

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Carne, Edward (1623/4–1650), rebel leader, was the eldest son of John Carne (1590/91–1644) of Ewenni, near Bridgend, Glamorgan, and his wife, Blanche, daughter of Sir William Morgan of Tredegar, Monmouthshire. He was probably brought up at Ewenni, or at one of the properties that formed the ...

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Castilians in Edinburgh (act. 1570–1573), armed political faction, were supporters of Mary, queen of Scots, who held Edinburgh Castle (hence 'castilian') between 1570 and 1573 and for much of this period controlled the town as well.

The assassination of the regent, James Stewart, ...

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Castilians in St Andrews (act. 1546–1547), armed political faction, is the collective name given to the men who murdered Cardinal David Beaton in St Andrews Castle and then held it for fourteen months against government forces. Plots to assassinate Beaton had been current as early as 1544, but the grievance that brought many of the murderers together was the execution of the protestant reformer ...

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See Egremont, Sir John

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Cheyne, Sir John (c. 1390–1468), Lollard and rebel, was the elder son of Roger Cheyne (1362–1414) of Drayton Beauchamp, Buckinghamshire, one of the leaders of the Lollard movement in the early fifteenth century. Roger may well have adopted his heretical leanings through the influence of the prominent Lollard knight and diplomat ...

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Constable, Sir Robert (1478?–1537), rebel, of Flamborough, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, was probably born in 1478, the eldest of four sons and two daughters of Sir Marmaduke Constable (1456/7?–1518), soldier and administrator, and his wife, Joyce, the daughter of Sir Humphrey Stafford...

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Cragg, Robert (fl. 1682–1689), conspirator and rebel, made three journeys between London and the Netherlands, under the alias of John Smith, in March–April of 1685, carrying messages between the surviving whig opposition in England and the exiled duke of Monmouth, who was preparing his ill-fated rebellion of June–July 1685. These communications carried by ...