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Bardolf, Thomas, fifth Baron Bardolf (1369–1408), landowner and rebel, was born at Birling, Kent, on 22 December 1369, the son of William, fourth Baron Bardolf (1349–1386), and his wife, Agnes (d. 1403), the daughter of Michael Poynings, first Lord Poynings (c. 1318–1369)...

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Bodrugan [Trenowith], Sir Henry (c. 1426–1487x1503), landowner and rebel, sometimes called Henry Trenowith, was the son and heir of Sir William Bodrugan of Newham, Cornwall (c.1398–1441), and of Philippa, daughter of Sir John Arundel of Lanherne, Cornwall (fl. 1426–1450). He was descended through his paternal great-grandmother, ...

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Breteuil, Roger de [Roger fitz William], earl of Hereford (fl. 1071–1087), magnate and rebel, was the second son of Earl William fitz Osbern (d. 1071) and Adelize de Tosny. When William fitz Osbern died, William I gave Roger his father's English manors and made him ...

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Douglas, Archibald [nicknamed Bell-the-Cat], fifth earl of Angus (c. 1449–1513), magnate and rebel, was the elder of the two sons of George Douglas, fourth earl of Angus (c. 1417–1463), and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Sir John Sibbald of Balgonie in Fife...

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Douglas, James, ninth earl of Douglas and third earl of Avondale (c. 1425–1491), magnate and rebel, was the second son of James Douglas, seventh earl of Douglas and first earl of Avondale (d. 1443), and Beatrix Sinclair (d. in or before 1463)...

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Ferrers, Robert de, sixth earl of Derby (c. 1239–1279), magnate and rebel, was the eldest son of William de Ferrers, earl of Derby (c.1200–1254), from his second marriage, to Margaret, elder daughter and coheir of Roger de Quincy, earl of Winchester...

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Fitzgerald, Sir John (c. 1540–1582), rebel and landowner, was the second legitimate son of James fitz John Fitzgerald, thirteenth earl of Desmond (d. 1558), and More or Maud (d. 1548), daughter of Sir Mulroney MacShane O'Carroll, lord of Ely O'Carroll. Fitzgerald spent his formative years learning the intricacies of local politics and warfare with his brother ...

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Fitzgerald, John fitz Edmund (d. 1589), landowner and rebel, was the son of Edmund fitz Maurice Fitzgerald, seneschal of Imokilly, and Shylie, daughter of Mulroney O'Carroll, lord of Ely O'Carroll. He married Honora, daughter of James fitz Maurice Fitzgerald, with whom he had two sons, ...

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Fitzmaurice, Patrick, seventeenth baron of Kerry and Lixnaw (c. 1551–1600), landowner and rebel, was the eldest of five children of Thomas Fitzmaurice, sixteenth baron of Kerry and Lixnaw (c. 1502–1590), landowner and rebel, and his first wife, Margaret (d. c.1564), daughter of ...

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Fitzmaurice, Thomas, sixteenth baron of Kerry and Lixnaw (c. 1502–1590), landowner and rebel, the fourth son of Edmund Fitzmaurice, tenth baron of Kerry and Lixnaw (d. 1543), and his wife, Úna, daughter of Tadhg MacMahon. He was born in co. Kerry, probably at ...

Image

Robert Fitzwalter (d. 1235) seal matrix, early 13th cent. © The Trustees of the British Museum

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Fitzwalter, Robert (d. 1235), magnate and rebel, lord of Dunmow, Essex and Baynard's Castle, London, was the son of Walter fitz Robert and Matilda, daughter of Henry II's justiciar Richard de Lucy. Henry I had granted the honours of Dunmow and Baynard's Castle...

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Lumley, John, fifth Baron Lumley (b. in or before 1492, d. 1545), landowner and rebel, of Lumley, co. Durham, was born in or before 1492, being at least eighteen in 1510. He was the son and heir of Richard Lumley, fourth Baron Lumley...

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T. F. Tout

revised by R. R. Davies

Mortimer, Sir Edmund (1376–1408/9), landowner and rebel, was the youngest child of Edmund (III) Mortimer, third earl of March (1352–1381), and his wife, Philippa (b. 1355, d. before 1381), the daughter of Lionel, duke of Clarence, and heiress of Ulster. He was born at ...

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Mowbray, Thomas, second earl of Nottingham (1385–1405), magnate and rebel, was the eldest son of Thomas (I) Mowbray, first duke of Norfolk (1366–1399), and his second wife, Elizabeth Fitzalan (d. 1425), sister and coheir of Thomas Fitzalan, fifth earl of Arundel (d. 1415)...

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Neville, Charles, sixth earl of Westmorland (1542/3–1601), magnate and rebel, was born between 18 August 1542 and 28 August 1543, the second, but only surviving, son of Henry Neville, fifth earl of Westmorland (1524/5–1564) [see under Neville, Ralph, fourth earl of Westmorland (1498–1549)...

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O'Brien, Conor, third earl of Thomond (c. 1535–1581), landowner and rebel, was the eldest son of Donough O'Brien, second earl of Thomond (c.1515–1553), and Helen, youngest daughter of Piers Butler, eighth earl of Ormond. He was the first O'Brien to inherit the earldom since ...

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O'Neill, Hugh [Aodh Ó Néill], second earl of Tyrone (c. 1550–1616), magnate and rebel, was born in the lordship of Tyrone, in the province of Ulster, the second son of Matthew O'Neill (Feardorcha), first baron of Dungannon (d. 1558), landowner, and his wife, ...

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Osgod Clapa (d. 1054), landowner and exile, whose byname means 'a coarse, rough person', is usually assumed to be a Dane who followed King Cnut to England. He may, however, have been a descendant of Osgod, Eadulf's son, kinsman of Theodred, bishop of ...

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Percy, Henry, first earl of Northumberland (1341–1408), magnate and rebel, was the elder son of Henry Percy, third Lord Percy of Alnwick (c. 1321–1368), and his first wife, Mary (d. 1362), the daughter of Henry, third earl of Lancaster (c. 1280–1345).