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Abendana, Jacob (c. 1630–1685), leader of the Sephardi Jewish community in London, was born in Spain and was taken with his brother Isaac Abendana to Hamburg, Germany, as a child. Jacob studied at the Yeshiva de los Pintos at Rotterdam, and at the age of twenty-five he was already a rabbi in ...

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Abramsky, Yehezkel (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader, was born on or about 7 February 1886 in Dashkovtsy, near Most and Grodno, Lithuania, the third child and eldest son of Mordecai Zalman Abramsky, a local timber merchant, and his wife, Freydel Goldin...

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Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his wife, Rachel Joseph (d. 1912). Her father was the son of Dr Nathan Marcus Adler...

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Ahmad Khan, Sir Saiyid [Syed Ahmed Khan] (1817–1898), Muslim leader in India, was born on 17 October 1817 in Khwaja Farid's haveli (mansion) near the Tiraha Bahram Khan in Delhi, the youngest of the three children (two boys and one girl) of ...

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Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians, was born on 12 December 1800 in St Katherine in the City of London. He was the eldest surviving son of Solomon Alex, dentist, of 11 Finsbury Place, Finsbury, and 21 Jewry Street, Aldgate...

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Alexander, David Lindo (1842–1922), lawyer and Jewish community leader, was born at 6 South Street, London, on 5 October 1842, second son in the large family of solicitor Joshua Alexander and his wife, Jemima (b. 1819), one of eighteen children of David Abarbanel Lindo...

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Saiyid Ameer Ali (1849–1928) by Walter Stoneman, 1917 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

S. V. FitzGerald

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Ameer Ali, Saiyid (1849–1928), judge and Muslim leader in India, was born on 6 April 1849 at Chinsura, Bengal, the fourth son of Saiyid Saadat Ali Khan (who died of cholera in 1856) of Mohan, Oudh, and his wife, the daughter of Shamsuddin Khan...

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Asher, Asher (1837–1889), physician and community worker, was born on 16 February 1837 in Glasgow, the first son of Philip Asher, son of Rabbi Zev Wolf of Lublin, and his wife, Hannah, a native of the Netherlands. From an early age he was an assiduous scholar of Jewish and secular subjects, winning prizes at ...

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James Keir Baxter (1926–1972) by unknown photographer [detail] Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa

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Baxter, James Keir (1926–1972), poet and publicist, was born on 29 June 1926 at 97 Elm Row, Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand, the son of Archibald McColl Learmond Baxter (1881–1970), a small farmer descended from immigrant Scottish highlanders, and his wife, Millicent Amiel Macmillan Brown (1888–1984)...

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Bentwich, Herbert (1856–1932), lawyer and Zionist leader, was born on 11 May 1856 at 57 Church Lane, Whitechapel, London, the youngest of three children (he had a brother and a sister) of Marks, or Mattos (Mattathias), Bentwitch, a jeweller who had immigrated from ...

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Norman de Mattos Bentwich (1883–1971) by Elliott & Fry, 1950 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bentwich, Norman de Mattos (1883–1971), colonial official and exponent of Jewish ideals, was born in London on 28 February 1883, the elder son and second of eleven children of Herbert Bentwich (1856–1932) and his wife, Susannah, daughter of Joseph Solomon, leather merchant, and sister of ...

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Blease, (Walter) Lyon (1884–1963), barrister and civic activist, was born on 30 May 1884 at 5 Beech Street, Fairfield, Liverpool, the second son and second of three children of Walter Blease (c.1853–1940), chartered accountant, and his wife, Mary Cecilia (d...

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Bowring [née Castle], Deborah, Lady Bowring (1816–1902), local activist, was born on 30 July 1816, one of the fourteen children of Thomas Castle of Clifton and his wife, Mary. Her family were Unitarians, and she was brought up in the Bristol circle which included ...

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Brodetsky, Selig (1888–1954), mathematician and Zionist leader, was born on 5 July 1888 at Olviopol, a small town in Ukraine 100 miles north of Odessa, the second son among the thirteen children of Akiva Brodetsky (1864–1942), a synagogue official, and his wife, Adel Prober (1864–1926)...

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Chunchie, Kamal Athon (1886–1953), Methodist minister and race relations worker, was born on 4 June 1886 in Kandy, Ceylon, the eldest of nine children (five sons and four daughters) of Muslim parents of Malay origin. His father, Athon Chunchie (1849/50–1928), of the Inche Che...

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Cohen, Sir Benjamin Louis, first baronet (1844–1909), politician and Jewish communal leader, was born on 18 November 1844 at South Street, Finsbury, London, the eighth of nine surviving children of Louis Cohen (1799–1882), founder of the City firm of Louis Cohen & Sons...

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Cohen, Israel (1879–1961), Zionist and author, was born at 9 Park Street, Red Bank, Cheatham, Manchester, on 24 April 1879, the son of Morris Cohen, tailor, and his wife, Fanny, née Levy. Both his parents were immigrants from Poland. He was educated at ...