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James Abercromby (1706–1781) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Abercromby, James (1706–1781), army officer and politician, was born in Glassaugh, Banffshire, the son of Alexander Abercromby (1677–1728), laird of Glassaugh, politician and army officer, and his wife, Helen Meldrum. With his father's assistance he became commissioner of supply and justice of the peace in ...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by S. J. Skedd

Acland, John Dyke (1747–1778), army officer and politician, was born on 18 February 1747 and baptized the following day at North Petherton, Somerset, the elder of the two sons of Sir Thomas Acland, seventh baronet (1722–1785), a landowner and politician, and his wife, ...

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Allan, Sir Henry Marshman Havelock-, first baronet (1830–1897), army officer and politician, eldest of eight children (four surviving) of Major-General Sir Henry Havelock (1795–1857) and his wife, Hannah (d. 1882), daughter of Dr Joshua Marshman, was born at Chinsura, India, on 6 August 1830. He assumed the additional surname of ...

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Apsley, Sir Allen (1616–1683), royalist army officer and politician, was born on 28 August 1616, and baptized at All Hallows Barking, London, on 5 September, the first son of Sir Allen Apsley (1566/7–1630), victualler of the navy and lieutenant of the Tower of London...

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Henry Arundell, third Baron Arundell of Wardour (bap. 1608, d. 1694) attrib. John Michael Wright, 1660s [The Crucifixion with … Lord Arundell and his Wife, Cicely Compton, at the Foot of the Cross] Christie's Images Ltd. (2004)

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Arundell, Henry, third Baron Arundell of Wardour (bap. 1608, d. 1694), royalist army officer and politician, was baptized on 23 February 1608 at St Andrew's, Holborn, London. He was the only son of Thomas Arundell, second Baron Arundell of Wardour (c. 1586–1643) [...

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Ashburnham, William (1604/5–1679), army officer and politician, was the second son of Sir John Ashburnham (1570/71–1620) of Asburnham, Sussex, and Elizabeth (1577–1651), daughter of Sir Thomas Beaumont. His family were long settled in east Sussex and had first represented the county of Sussex...

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See Balfour, Edward Green

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See Barclay, Robert, of Ury

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Barnewall, Nicholas, third Viscount Barnewall of Kingsland (1668–1725), politician and army officer, was born on 15 April 1668, probably at the family seat, Turvey, in the parish of Donabate, co. Dublin, the son of Henry Barnewall, second Viscount Barnewall of Kingsland (d...

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Isaac Barré (1726–1802) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1766 private collection. Photograph: The Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art

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Barré, Isaac (1726–1802), army officer and politician, was born in Dublin on 15 October 1726, the only son of a merchant, Peter Barré (d. 1776), and his wife, Marie Madelaine, née Raboteau, both Huguenot refugees. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin...

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Bastard, John Pollexfen (1756–1816), member of parliament and militia officer, was born on 18 September 1756 at Kitley, near Plymouth, Devon, the eldest son of William Bastard (1727–1782), landowner, of Kitley, and his second wife, Anne (d. 1765), daughter of Thomas Worsley...

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Beamish, Tufton Victor Hamilton, Baron Chelwood (1917–1989), army officer and politician, was born at Pitliver, Dunfermline, Fife, on 27 January 1917, one of two sons of Tufton Percy Hamilton Beamish (1874–1951), who retired from the Royal Navy with the rank of rear-admiral in 1925 and sat as Conservative MP for ...

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Birch, John (1615–1691), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was born on 7 September 1615, the second, but first surviving, son and heir of Samuel Birch (d. in or after 1648) of Ardwick Manor, near Manchester, and Mary (d. 1659/60), daughter of ...

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Bladen, Martin (1680–1746), army officer and politician, was born possibly at Abbey Hatch, Essex, the third son of Nathaniel Bladen (b. 1642/3) of Hemsworth, Yorkshire, and his wife, Isabella, the daughter of Sir William Fairfax of Steeton, Yorkshire. He was thus a relation of ...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by Jonathan Spain

Bligh, Thomas (1685–1775), army officer and politician, was born on 15 January 1685, the second son of Thomas Bligh (c.1654–1710) of Rathmore, co. Meath, Ireland, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1737), the daughter of Colonel James Naper, of Longhcrew, co. Meath...

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Borlase, Sir John (c. 1576–1648), army officer and politician, was born in Cornwall, the eldest son of Edward Borlase of London, mercer, and Suzannah Isham. He matriculated as a pensioner from King's College, Cambridge, about 1591 but did not graduate, being admitted to the ...

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Sir John Borlase (c. 1576–1648) by Michiel Jansz. van Mierevelt, 1625 © National Portrait Gallery, London