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Edwards, John Hugh (1869–1945), Congregational minister and politician, was born at 37 Powell Street, Aberystwyth, on 9 April 1869, the son of John Edwards, a flannel merchant and alderman, and his wife, Mary, née Evans. He was educated at Aberystwyth grammar school and the ...

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William Johnson Fox (1786–1864) by Eliza Florence Bridell, c. 1863 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fox, William Johnson (1786–1864), preacher and politician, was born on 1 March 1786 at Uggeshall Farm, Wrentham, Suffolk, the eldest child of six sons and three daughters of Paul Fox (1753?–1812) and his wife, Mary. Paul Fox farmed a small property for his widowed mother, though he had prudently absented himself for a two-year stay in ...

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Horne, (Charles) Silvester (1865–1914), Congregational minister and politician, was born in Cuckfield, Sussex, on 15 April 1865, the youngest of three sons and four children of Charles Horne (1829–1903), Congregational minister and later editor of the Newport Advertiser, and his wife, Harriet Simpson...

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Jaffray, Alexander (1614–1673), politician and Quaker leader, was born in Aberdeen in July 1614, a son of Alexander Jaffray (d. 1645), provost of the city, and Magdalen Erskine of Pittodrie (d. 1640). He was educated at Aberdeen grammar school and at schools in ...

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Massie, John (1842–1925), biblical scholar and politician, was born on 3 December 1842 at Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire, the son of Robert Massie, a Congregational minister, and his wife, May Soutter. In 1848 the father moved to Atherstone, Warwickshire. Massie was educated at Atherstone grammar school...

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Edward Miall (1809–1881) by Henry John Whitlock © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Miall, Edward (1809–1881), politician, journalist, and Congregational minister, was born on 8 May 1809 at Portsmouth, one of several children of Moses Miall (d. 1829), a general merchant and later a schoolmaster, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of George Rolph. The family moved to ...

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Rous, Francis (1580/81–1659), religious writer and politician, was born at Dittisham, Devon, the fourth son of Sir Anthony Rous of Halton, Cornwall (knighted in 1603), and his first wife, Elizabeth (née Southgate). On 6 July 1593, aged twelve, he matriculated with two of his elder brothers as a commoner of ...

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Smith, William (1756–1835), politician and dissenter, was born on 22 September 1756 at Clapham, the only son of Samuel Smith (1727–1798) and his wife, Martha Adams (d. 1759). His father was a large wholesale grocer in Cannon Street, and his mother came from an old and wealthy ...

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William Smith (1756–1835) by Henry Thomson, exh. RA 1814 Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery