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Allen, (Reginald) Clifford, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939), politician and peace campaigner, was born at St Olave's, Slow Park, Newport, Monmouthshire, on 9 May 1889. As an adult he was always known as Clifford Allen, or by close friends as CA. He had a brother, ...

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(Reginald) Clifford Allen, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London

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T. F. Henderson

revised by David Lammey

Burgh, Walter Hussey (1742–1783), politician and orator, was the son of Ignatius Hussey, barrister, of Donore, co. Kildare, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Burgh of Oldtown in the same county. He was born in co. Kildare on 23 August 1742. After attending the school of a ...

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Walter Hussey Burgh (1742–1783) by Hugh Douglas Hamilton by courtesy of the National Gallery of Ireland

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Cecil, (Edgar Algernon) Robert Gascoyne- [known as Lord Robert Cecil], Viscount Cecil of Chelwood (1864–1958), politician and peace campaigner, always best-known as Lord Robert Cecil, was born on 14 September 1864 at 11 Duchess Street, Portland Place, London, the third son in the family of five sons and three daughters of ...

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(Edgar Algernon) Robert Gascoyne- Cecil [Lord Robert Cecil], Viscount Cecil of Chelwood (1864–1958) by Sir William Orpen, 1919 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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David Walter Ervine (1953–2007) by Ross Wilson, 2008 Ross Wilson / photograph © Alice Burns

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Ervine, David Walter (1953–2007), paramilitary and politician, was born on 21 July 1953 at 11 Chamberlain Street, Belfast, the third son and youngest of the five children of Walter Ervine, engineering worker, and his wife, Elizabeth (Dolly), née Tate. As a boy he attended Sunday school at the local Presbyterian church but gradually drifted away from formal religious observance. He was educated at ...

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Gallacher, William (1881–1965), political activist and politician, was born on 25 December 1881 at 39 Back Sneddon Street in the Irish ghetto of Sneddon, Paisley, the eighth-born child of Scottish parents, John Gallacher (c.1839–1889), a labourer and formerly a soldier, and his wife, ...

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William Gallacher (1881–1965) by Howard Coster, 1936 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Green, Joseph Frederick (1855–1932), peace campaigner and politician, was born on 5 July 1855 at 12A Myddelton Square, Clerkenwell, London, the son of Joseph Edwin Green JP (c.1830–c.1900), merchant and member of Lloyds, and his wife, Hannah Rosa, formerly How...

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Lincoln, Ignatius Timotheus Trebitsch [formerly Ignácz Trebitsch; name in religion Chao Kung] (1879–1943), political adventurer, was born in Paks, Hungary, on 4 April 1879, the second son of Nathan Trebitsch (d. 1899), a merchant, and his wife, Julia, née Freund (...

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Ponsonby, Arthur Augustus William Harry, first Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede (1871–1946), politician and peace campaigner, was born on 16 February 1871 in Windsor Castle, the third and youngest son of Sir Henry Frederick Ponsonby (1825–1895), Queen Victoria's private secretary, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby (1832–1916)...

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Arthur Augustus William Harry Ponsonby, first Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede (1871–1946) by Sir William Rothenstein, 1925 © Estate of Sir William Rothenstein / National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Speke, George (1623–1689), politician and political activist, was born on 1 May 1623, the eldest son of George Speke (d. 1637), landowner, and his wife, Joan, daughter of Sir John Portman, first baronet, of Orchard Portman. Speke's ancestors were Devon knights who came into possession of the manor house at ...

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Zilliacus, Konni (1894–1967), internationalist and politician, was born on 13 September 1894 in Kobe, Japan, the elder son of Konrad Viktor (Konni) Zilliacus sen. (1855–1924) and Lilian McLaurin Grafe (1873–1938). His mother was an American of Scottish and Alsatian extraction, and his father a Swedo-Finn who was prominent in the movement for Finnish independence. ...