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Bathurst, Charles, first Viscount Bledisloe (1867–1958), agriculturist and politician, was born in London on 21 September 1867, the second but first surviving son of the barrister Charles Bathurst (1836–1907), of Lydney Park, Gloucestershire, where he owned 4000 acres of land, and his wife, ...

Article

Cockburn, John, of Ormiston (1679–1758), politician and agricultural improver, was born in Scotland, the second son of Adam Cockburn (c. 1656–1735) of Ormiston, lord justice clerk and lord of session with the judicial title Lord Ormiston, and his first wife, Lady Susanna Hamilton...

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Coke, Thomas William, first earl of Leicester of Holkham (1754–1842), politician and agriculturist, was born in London on 6 May 1754 and baptized at St James's, Piccadilly, on 22 May, the eldest son of Wenham Roberts Coke (1717–1776), a landowner, and his second wife, ...

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Thomas William Coke, first earl of Leicester of Holkham (1754–1842) by Thomas Gainsborough, 1778 by kind permission of the Earl of Leicester and the Trustees of the Holkham Estate. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Conyngham, William Burton (1733–1796), politician and improver, was born William Burton in 1733, the second son of Francis Burton (1696–1743), politician and landowner, of Buncraggy, co. Clare, Ireland, and Mary Conyngham (d. 1737), the only surviving daughter of Major-General Henry Conyngham and the sister of ...

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John Christian Curwen (1756–1828) by Charles Turner, pubd 1809 (after John James Halls) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Curwen, John Christian (1756–1828), agriculturist and politician, was born on 12 July 1756 at Ewanrigg, Dearham, Cumberland, the eldest to survive infancy of the sons of John Christian of Ewanrigg, and his wife, Jane, eldest daughter of Eldred Curwen of Workington Hall, Cumberland...

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George Dempster of Dunnichen (1732–1818) by John Opie Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Dempster, George, of Dunnichen (1732–1818), agriculturist and politician, was born at Alexander Kyd's Close, Dundee, Forfarshire, on 8 December 1732, the eldest son of John Dempster (1700–1754), landowner and grain merchant, and his first wife, Isabel Ogilvie (1700×10–c.1738).

Article

Grant, Sir Archibald, of Monymusk, second baronet (1696–1778), politician and agricultural improver, was born in Scotland on 25 September 1696. He was the elder son of Sir Francis Grant (1658x63–1726), lord of session with the judicial title Lord Cullen and, from 1705, first baronet...

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Hatton, Murray Edward Gordon Finch-, twelfth earl of Winchilsea and seventh earl of Nottingham (1851–1898), politician and agriculturist, was born on 28 March 1851 at Wilton Crescent, London, the second son of the ultra-tory, anti-Catholic politician George William Finch-Hatton, tenth earl of Winchilsea and fifth earl of Nottingham...

Article

Kinnear, John Boyd (1828–1920), politician and agriculturist, was born in Edinburgh on 15 March 1828, the eldest son of Charles Kinnear (b. 1795?), of Kinloch, Fife, and Christiana Boyd Greenshields. He was educated at home and then at the universities of St Andrews...

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Sir Lopes Massey Lopes, third baronet (1818–1908) by Maull & Polyblank, 1860s © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Lopes, Sir Lopes Massey, third baronet (1818–1908), politician and agriculturist, born at Maristow, Devon, on 14 June 1818, was the eldest son of Sir Ralph Lopes, second baronet (d. 1854), and his wife, Susan Gibbs, eldest daughter of Abraham Ludlow of Heywood House, Wiltshire...

Article

Monson, Sir John, second baronet (1599–1683), politician and financier of fen drainage, was born in St Sepulchre, London, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Monson, first baronet (1563/4–1641), of South Carlton in Lincolnshire, and his wife, Margaret (1569–1630), daughter of Sir Edmund Anderson...

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Montgomerie, Alexander, tenth earl of Eglinton (1723–1769), politician and agricultural improver, was born on 10 February 1723, the son of Alexander Montgomerie, ninth earl of Eglinton (c. 1660–1729), politician and landowner, and his third wife, Susanna (1689/90–1780) [see Montgomerie, Susanna, countess of Eglinton...

Article

Ernest Clarke

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Pell, Albert (1820–1907), agriculturist and politician, was born on 12 March 1820, in Montagu Place, Bloomsbury, London, the eldest of the three sons of Sir Albert Pell (1768–1832), of Pinner Hill, Middlesex, and his wife, Margaret Letitia Matilda (1786–1868), third daughter and coheir of ...

Article

Plunkett, Sir Horace Curzon (1854–1932), agricultural reformer and politician, was born at Sherborne House, Gloucestershire, on 24 October 1854, the third of four sons and sixth of seven children of Edward Plunkett, sixteenth Baron Dunsany (1808–1889), and his wife, the Hon. Anne Constance Dutton (1816–1858)...

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Sir Horace Curzon Plunkett (1854–1932) by George Charles Beresford, 1903 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ernest Clarke

revised by G. E. Mingay

Read, Clare Sewell (1826–1905), agriculturist and politician, the eldest son of George Read of Barton Bendish Hall, Norfolk, and Sarah Ann, daughter of Clare Sewell, was born at Ketteringham on 6 November 1826. His ancestors had been tenant farmers in Norfolk since the end of the sixteenth century. He was educated privately at ...