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Beauchamp, Thomas, eleventh earl of Warwick (1313/14–1369), soldier and magnate, was the son and heir of Guy de Beauchamp, tenth earl of Warwick (c. 1272–1315), and his wife, Alice Tosny, widow of Thomas Leyburn.

Beauchamp was probably born some time between August 1313 and 14 February 1314, most likely the latter date. He was no more than two years old when his father died on 12 August 1315, and the earldom thus underwent a long minority at a time of political instability. The custody of the lands of the earldom was granted on 21 June 1317 to ...

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Beaufort, Edmund, first duke of Somerset (c. 1406–1455), magnate and soldier, was the younger brother of John Beaufort, duke of Somerset (1404–1444); John and Edmund were the second and third sons of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (c. 1371–1410), who was the eldest son of ...

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Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444), magnate and soldier, was the second son of John Beaufort, marquess of Dorset and of Somerset (d. 1410), and Margaret Holland, daughter of Thomas Holland, earl of Kent. He succeeded to the earldom of Somerset on the death of his elder brother, ...

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Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. His brothers were John Beaufort and Henry Beaufort...

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Bigod, Roger, fifth earl of Norfolk (c. 1245–1306), magnate and soldier, was the son of Hugh (III) Bigod (b. in or before 1220, d. 1266), justiciar of England. He succeeded to his father's lands in 1266, and to the earldom of Norfolk when his uncle, ...

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Bourchier, Sir William, count of Eu (c. 1374–1420), magnate and soldier, was the son and heir of Sir William Bourchier (d. 1375) and his wife, Eleanor Lovayne (1345–1397).

Bourchier's family had risen to prominence during the fourteenth century through an unblemished record of service to the crown, gaining estates concentrated in ...

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Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

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Charles Brandon, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545) by unknown artist, c. 1540–45 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burgh, Walter de, first earl of Ulster (d. 1271), magnate and soldier, was the second son of Richard de Burgh (d. 1243), lord of Connacht, and Egidia, daughter of Walter de Lacy, lord of Weobley and Meath. Richard de Burgh died early in 1243 while serving on ...

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Byrhtnoth [Brihtnoth] (d. 991), magnate and soldier, was the hero of the battle of Maldon. His family origins are obscure, although his wealth, connections, and office imply noble birth. His name appears as Byrhtnoth in the poem The Battle of Maldon, which names ...

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Clifford, John, ninth Baron Clifford (1435–1461), soldier and magnate, sometimes known as ‘the Butcher’, was born at Conisbrough Castle in the West Riding of Yorkshire on 8 April 1435, the eldest son of Thomas Clifford, eighth Baron Clifford (1414–1455), and his wife, Joan Dacre...

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Clifford, Robert, first Lord Clifford (1274–1314), soldier and magnate, was born about the beginning of April 1274, the son of Roger de Clifford the younger (d. 1282) and his wife, Isabella de Vieuxpont (d. 1291), coheir with her sister Idonea to the lordship of ...

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Clinton, William, earl of Huntingdon (d. 1354), soldier and magnate, was the second son of John Clinton, of Maxstoke (d. 1315), and Ida, daughter and coheir of William de Odingsells of Maxstoke, through whom the family inherited the castle and manor of ...

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Dacre, Thomas, second Baron Dacre of Gilsland (1467–1525), magnate and soldier, was born on 25 November 1467, the eldest son of Humphrey Dacre, first Baron Dacre (d. 1485), and his wife, Mabel Parr (d. 1508). Still a minor when his father died, ...

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Despenser, Edward, first Lord Despenser (1336–1375), magnate and soldier, was born at Essendine, Rutland, on 24 March 1336, the son and heir of Sir Edward Despenser (d. 1342)—the second son of Hugh Despenser the younger (d. 1326)—and his wife, Anne (...

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Douglas, Archibald, fourth earl of Douglas, and duke of Touraine in the French nobility (c. 1369–1424), magnate and soldier, was the elder son and heir of Archibald Douglas, the Grim, third earl of Douglas and lord of Galloway (d. 1400), and Joanna Murray (...

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Douglas, Archibald, fifth earl of Douglas, and duke of Touraine in the French nobility (c. 1391–1439), magnate and soldier, was the elder son of Archibald Douglas, fourth earl of Douglas and duke of Touraine (c. 1369–1424), and Margaret Douglas, née Stewart (b. before 1373?, d. 1450/51)...

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Douglas, James, second earl of Douglas and earl of Mar (c. 1358–1388), magnate and soldier, was the son of William Douglas, first earl of Douglas, and his wife, Margaret of Mar. He was probably born in the late 1350s and was old enough to make a favourable impression on the chronicler ...

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Douglas, Sir William, lord of Liddesdale (c. 1310–1353), soldier and magnate, was the eldest son of Sir James Douglas of Lothian, who was a young valet in 1306, and his wife, Joan. He had possession of his heritage in April 1323, when his father was dead, but seems not yet to have been of age; he was knighted between 1323 and 1330. In 1330 he was a warden of the marches, probably in succession to ...

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Dunbar, George, ninth earl of Dunbar or of March (c. 1336–1416x23), magnate and soldier, was the son of Sir Patrick Dunbar (d. 1357) and his wife, Isabel Randolph. On 25 July 1368 he became earl of Dunbar or March by grant from ...