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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (1803–1899) by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London


A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...


Elkington, Joseph (bap. 1740, d. 1806), farmer and designer of land drainage systems, was baptized on 1 January 1740, the eldest son of Joseph Elkington (1697–1758), yeoman farmer, and his wife, Mary, née Gallimore (d. 1750), at Stretton-on-Dunsmore, Warwickshire. He married on 26 December 1760 ...


C. H. Derby

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Fleetwood, Thomas (1659x61–1717), owner and reclaimer of land, was the eldest of the family of three sons and two daughters of Sir Richard Fleetwood, baronet (1628–1721), of Calwich, Staffordshire, and his wife, Anne (1623/4–1720), daughter of Sir Edward Golding, baronet, of Colston Bassett, Nottinghamshire...


Monson, Sir John, second baronet (1599–1683), politician and financier of fen drainage, was born in St Sepulchre, London, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Monson, first baronet (1563/4–1641), of South Carlton in Lincolnshire, and his wife, Margaret (1569–1630), daughter of Sir Edmund Anderson...


Parkes, Josiah (1793–1871), agricultural and civil engineer, was born on 27 February 1793 at Warwick, the third son of John Parkes, a wool-carding and wool-spinning mill owner in Warwick, and his wife, Sarah. His younger brother was Joseph Parkes (1796–1865), an election agent and reformer. ...