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Ashton, Sir John (c. 1354–c. 1398), soldier and landowner, was the son and heir of Sir John Ashton (d. c.1360) of Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire, and of Margaret, a daughter of Robert del Leigh of Adlington, Cheshire. His mother's second marriage, to ...

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Beauchamp, William, first Baron Bergavenny (c. 1343–1411), soldier and landowner, was the fourth son of Thomas Beauchamp, eleventh earl of Warwick (1313/14–1369), and of Katherine (d. 1369), daughter of Roger Mortimer, first earl of March.

As a younger son Beauchamp was destined for the church and attended ...

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Bonython, Richard (bap. 1580, d. 1647x54), soldier and planter in America, was baptized on 8 April 1580 at St Columb Major, Cornwall, a younger son and one of eight children of John Bonython and his wife, Eleanor Myleinton. Nothing else is known of his early life. He married by 1607 ...

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Brechin, Sir David (b. before 1278, d. 1320), soldier and landowner, was the son of Sir William Brechin, son of Henry, illegitimate son of David, earl of Huntingdon (d. 1219); his mother was Elena, daughter of Alexander Comyn, earl of Buchan. His father died between 1286 and June 1291 (when no claim to the Scottish throne was submitted by him); on 10 December 1292 ...

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Bright, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1619, d. 1688), parliamentarian officer and landowner, was baptized on 14 October 1619, the third but only surviving son of Stephen Bright (1583–1642), of Carbrook, Yorkshire, and his first wife, Joan Westby (d. 1633), daughter of George Westby...

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George Brooke, ninth Baron Cobham (c. 1497–1558) by Hans Holbein the younger The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Brooke, George, ninth Baron Cobham (c. 1497–1558), soldier and landowner, was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Brooke, eighth Baron Cobham (d. 1529), and his first wife, Dorothy Heydon. He accompanied his father in attending Mary Tudor to her marriage with Louis XII of France...

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Brydges, John, first Baron Chandos (1492–1557), landowner and soldier, was born on 9 March 1492 at Coberley, Gloucestershire, the eldest of three sons and three daughters of Sir Giles Brydges (d. 1511), landowner, and his wife, Isabel (fl. c.1475–1511), daughter of ...

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Caulfeild, Toby, first Baron Caulfeild of Charlemont (bap. 1565, d. 1627), soldier, politician, and landowner, was baptized on 2 December 1565 at Great Milton, Oxfordshire, a younger son of Alexander Caulfeild. Nothing is known of his early years or education, but from 1590 he pursued a military career, sailing on ...

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Clifford, Walter de (d. 1190), landowner and soldier, was the son of Richard fitz Pons and Maud, the daughter of Walter of Gloucester. Richard was still alive in 1128 but had died by 1138, when Walter de Clifford exchanged his manor of Glasbury...

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Cole, Sir William (bap. 1576, d. 1653), army officer and landowner in Ulster, was baptized on 7 October 1576 at St Mary Woolnoth, London, the only son of Emmanuel Cole (c.1542–1592?), a member of the Goldsmiths' Company, of St Botolph, Aldersgate...

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William Harold Coltman (1891–1974) by unknown photographer The Staffordshire Regiment Museum

Article

Coltman, William Harold (1891–1974), soldier and gardener, was born at The Common, Tatenhill, Burton upon Trent, Staffordshire, on 17 November 1891, the fourth son of Charles Coltman (1851/2–1903), gardener's labourer, and his wife, Annie, née Gopsill. He left school aged thirteen, and helped his mother to support the family after his father's death, working as a journeyman market gardener. On 8 January 1913 he married, at Burton upon Trent record office, ...

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Constable, Henry, first Viscount Dunbar (1588–1645), landowner and royalist army officer, was the eldest son of Sir Henry Constable (c.1559–1608) of Burton Constable and Halsham in Holderness, and Margaret Dormer (d. 1637), daughter of Sir William Dormer of Wing, Buckinghamshire...

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Cosby, Francis (d. 1580), soldier and planter in Ireland, was the second son of John Cosby of Hermaston, Lincolnshire, and Mabel Agard. Arrived in Ireland by 1548, he distinguished himself as a soldier in the midlands, writing detailed accounts of his exploits against the Gaelic clans of ...

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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (1803–1899) by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...

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Devereux, Walter, first Baron Ferrers of Chartley (c. 1432–1485), landowner and soldier, was of Herefordshire stock (at Weobley and Bodenham); his father was a retainer of Richard, duke of York, and he himself became Edward IV's councillor. The son of Sir Walter Devereux...

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Esmonde, Laurence, Baron Esmonde of Limerick (c. 1570–1645), army officer and landowner, was the second son of Walter (also known as William) Esmonde of Johnstown, co. Wexford, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Michael Furlong of Horetown, barony of Shelmalier, co. Wexford, one of a family of seven daughters and four sons. The ...

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Fairfax, Thomas, first Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1560–1640), diplomat, soldier, and horse breeder, was born at Bilbrough, near York, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Fairfax (1521–1600) of Denton and Nun Appleton, Yorkshire, and Dorothy (d. 1596), daughter of George Gale, goldsmith and lord mayor of ...